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HIST CH 8 TEST 2021

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian U.S. Hist. Progressive Era TST Flashcards 2021

QuestionAnswer
List the names of the three (3) Progressive presidents that we learned about during this unit. 1.) Theodore Roosevelt; 2.) William H. Taft; 3.) Woodrow Wilson
Give two (2) examples of people or groups of people who could be considered Progressives. 1.) Jacob Riis; 2.) "Muckrakers".
Who was Robert M. LaFollette? He was a Progressive politician who pressured the Wisconsin state government to adopt a "direct primary" system in state government.
What does the term "direct primary" mean/ refer to? This term refers to a system in which all party members could vote for a candidate to run in the general election.
What does the term "initiative" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a law the permitted a group of citizens to introduce legislation and required the legislature to vote on it".
What does the term "referendum" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a law that permits a group of citizens to vote on proposed laws directly without going to the legislature".
What does the term "recall" mean/ refer to? This refers to a law that provided voters with an option to demand a special election to remove an elected official from office before their term of office was over.
What did the 17th Amendment do/ provide for? This Amendment provided for the direct election of Senators by the people.
What did Progressives believe about the role of technology in society? Progressives believed that technology had been used to positively impact society in the past (EX: lightbulbs) and it could be used to help improve the situation surrounding urban social problems.
What does the term "Square Deal" mean/ refer to? This term refers to President Roosevelt's program of Progressive reforms.
What does the term "suffrage" mean/ refer to? This term means "right to vote".
What did the 19th Amendment do/ provide for? This Amendment gave women the right to vote.
Who was Susan B. Anthony? She was the leader of a women's suffrage group called the National American Women's Suffrage Association.
Who was Alice Paul? She was a member of the NAWSA who left that organization to create the National Woman's Party.
List two (2) reasons why women began to lobby to try to be granted the right to vote in the early 1900's. 1.) Middle class women wanted the right to vote to promote reforms they favored; 2.) Working class women wanted to pass labor laws protecting women.
Who was Carrie Chapman Catt? She took over as the leader of the NAWSA in 1915.
What does the term "prohibition" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "laws banning the manufacture, sale, and consumption of alcohol in the United States".
What are two (2) things that Progressives had in common? 1.) They were united in their belief that urbanization & industrialization had caused urban social problems; 2.) They doubted that government would be able to fix these problems.
Explain how a "commission plan" works where city government is concerned. City government divided into several departments under a commissioner's control.
Explain how a "council manager system" works where city government is concerned. City council hires a city manager to run the city instead of a mayor.
List the names of the four (4) general areas that Progressives wanted to reform. 1.) Child Labor; 2.) Health & Safety Codes; 3.) Prohibition; 4.) Break up big businesses (i.e. prevent monopolies from forming).
What did the Sherman Anti-Trust Act do/ provide for? This law made it illegal for companies to buy stock in other companies that sell the same or similar products. It also broke up large businesses into smaller ones.
What did President Roosevelt do where the Coal Strike of 1902 is concerned? Roosevelt intervened between the miners and the mine owners to get the strike lifted.
What did the Hepburn Act do/ provide for? This law strengthened the Interstate Commerce Act so it would regulate railroad rates.
What did the Pure Food & Drug Act do/ provide for? This law forced companies to put labels on medications that listed exactly what was in them. It also prohibited the manufacture, sale, or shipment of impure or falsely labeled food and drugs.
What is the purpose of the Bureau of Mines? It established this to monitor the activities of mining companies, expand national forests, & protect water power sites.
What did the Underwood Tariff of 1913 do/ provide for? This law instituted a "graduated income tax" system in the United States and lowered tax rates overall.
What did the Federal Reserve Act do/ provide for? It created a 3 - tiered banking system in the U.S. It consists of the Federal Reserve Board, the Federal Reserve Banks, and Private Banks.
What is the purpose of the Federal Trade Commission? The purpose of this federal agency is to investigate claims of wrong doing by businesses and report their findings.
What did the Adamson Act do/ provide for? This law shortened the workday for railroad workers from 10 hours to 8 hours a day.
List the name of the "splinter" political party that Theodore Roosevelt helped to create in the early 1900's. The "Bull Moose" Party.
What was the name that President Woodrow Wilson gave to his program of Progressive reforms? The name for this was the New Freedom program.
What was the "Children's Bureau"? This was the name of the agency established by President Taft that investigated and publicized the problems of child labor.
What does the term "arbitration" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a settlement negotiated by an outside party".
What does the term "prohibition" mean/refer to? This term refers to "laws banning the manufacture, sale, and consumption of alcohol."
What does the term "guerrillas" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "an armed band that uses surprise attacks and sabotage rather than open warfare".
What did the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty do/establish? This document gave the United States the exclusive right to build any proposed canal through Central America.
What did the "Roosevelt Corollary" do/state? This document stated that "the United States would intervene in Latin American affairs when necessary to maintain economic and political stability in the Western Hemisphere".
What does the term "sphere of influence" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "an area where a foreign nation controlled economic development such as railroad construction and mining".
What does the term "Open Door Policy" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the policy supported by President McKinley and Sec. of State John Hay in which all countries would be allowed to trade with China".
List two (2) of the policies that were included in the "Platt Amendment". 1.) Cuba could not make any treaty with another nation that would weaken its independence; 2.) Cuba had to allow the U.S. to buy or lease naval stations in Cuba.
What does the term "autonomy" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the right to (a country's) own government".
What does the term "jingoism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "aggressive nationalism".
Who was William Randolph Hearst? He was the owner of the New York Journal newspaper in the late 1800's.
Who was Joseph Pulitzer? he was the owner of the New York World in the late 1800's.
What does the term "yellow journalism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "sensationalist news reporting in which writers often exaggerated and even made up stories to attract readers".
Who was Queen Liliuokaliani? She was the last Hawaiian monarch.
What does the term "Pan - Americanism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the idea that the U.S. and Latin America should work together".
What does the term "imperialism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the economic and political domination of a strong nation over weaker ones".
What does the term "protectorate" mean/ refer to? This term refers to situations in which "the imperial power allowed the local rulers to stay in control and protected them against rebellions and invasion".
What does the term "Manifest Destiny" mean/ refer to? This term refers to the idea that the United States was destined by God to extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific coasts of North America.
What was the "Foraker Act"? This was a law passed in 1900 that "established a civil government for Puerto Rico".
Created by: sticklerpjpII
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