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Egypt Vocabulary

TermDefinition
obelisk a four-sided pillar with a top shaped like a pyramid
hieroglyphic a picture or symbol used to represent a word
papyrus a tall reed-like plant growing by the bank of the Nile river
sphinx a stone structure with the head of a human and the body of a lion
pyramid protected the body of the Pharaoh after death
pharohh (means "great house") title belonging to the ruler of ancient Egypt who was worshiped as a god
silt a mixture of tiny bites of soil and rock, over the land near a river, providing fertile farmland
great pyramid tomb of king Khufu; largest building in the world until 20th century; one of the seven wonders of the ancient world
Rosetta Stone 3 languages written on a stone found in a small town called Rosetta and used to unlock the languages of the ancient Egyptians
notron mineral salt found in soil from dry lake beds and used by Egyptians to dry out corpse during mummification process
mummification 70-day process used by Egyptians to preserve the body for eternity
canopic jars 4 sealed containers used to preserve vital organs of deceased Pharaoh for the afterlife
book of the dead book containing spells and was enclosed with he mummification body allowing the "BA:, or soul to pass safely through the underworld
anubis afterlife god that weighed the heart of the dead person during the judgment stage after death
osiris afterlife god in charged of the underworld
Horus afterlife god in charged of leading "BA", or soul, safely judgment
sacrarphcous outer containing made in the image of the pharaoh that secured the layered coffins inside
archaeogolist an expert in the scientific study of the way man lived in the past by digging the remains of ancient cities, towns, and tombs to study the artifacts that they uncover to understand how a civilization lived
irrigation to supply land with water by means of channels, streams, or pipes
region the period of a rule of a monarch or other ruler
dynasty a line of rulers who belong to the same family; the period of time during which a dynasty rules
custom an accepted social habit or pattern of behavior of a group; learned and passed from one generation to the next
Ramses II a pharaoh of the 19th dynasty of ancient Egypt; responsible for building many cities, temples, and huge statues of himself; an aggressive military leader
Hatshepsut fifth Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of ancient Egypt who reigned for almost 22 years; regarded as one of the most successful female Pharaohs
Tutankhamen name means: "living image of Amun"; a Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of ancient Egypt who ruled for 9 years; tomb discovered by Howard Carter in 1922 renewing interest in ancient Egypt in modern times
Created by: 26378
 

 



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