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Egypt Vocab SS

TermDefinition
obelisk a four-sided pillar with a top shaped like a pyramids
hieroglyphic a picture or symbol used to represent a word, syllable, or sound
papyrus a tall reed-like plant growing by the bank of the Nile River; used by Egyptians to make various things
sphinx a stone structure with the head of a human and the body of a lion; built by king Khrafre
pyramid protected the body of the Pharaoh after death and allowed "akh", or spirit, to enjoy life's pleasures
Pharaoh (means "great house") title belonging to the ruler of ancient Egypt who was worshiped as a god
silt a mixture of tiny bits of soil and rock, over the land near a river, providing fertile farmland
Great Pyramids tomb of King Khufu; largest building in the world until 20th century; one of the Seven wonders of the Ancient World
Rosetta Stone 3 Languages(2 forms of Egyptian writing and one in Greek) written on a stone found in the small town of Rosetta and used to unlock the language of the ancient Egyptians
Natron mineral salt found in soil from dry lake beds and used by Egyptians to dry out corpse during mummification process
mummification 70-day process used by Egyptians to preserve the body for Eternity
Canopic jars 4 sealed containers used to preserve vital organs(stomach, liver, lungs and intestines) of the decreased pharaoh for the after-life
Book of the Dead Book containing spells and was enclosed with the mummified body allowing the "BA", or soul, to pass safely through the underworld
Anubis Afterlife god that weighed the heart of the dead person during the judgment stage after death
Osiris Afterlife god in charge of the underworld
Horus Afterlife god in charge of leading the "BA", or soul, safely to judgement
sarcarphcous outer container made in the image of the Pharaoh that secured the layered coffins inside
archaeologist an expert in the scientific study of the way man lived in the past by digging the remains of ancient cities, towns, and tombs to study the artifacts that they uncover to understand how civilizations lived
irrigate to supply land with water by means channels, streams,or pipes
reign the period of rule of monarch or other ruler.
dynasty a line of rulers who belong to the same family; period of time during which a dynasty rules
custom an accepted social habits or pattern of behavior of a group ;learned and passed from one generation to the next
Ramses 2 a Pharaoh of the 19th century dynasty of ancient Egypt; responsible for building many cities , temples, and huge statues of himself;an aggressive military leader
Hatshepsut fifth pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of ancient Egypt who reigned for almost 22 years; regarded as the most successful female pharaohs
Tutankhamen name means:" living Image of Amun"; a pharaoh of 18th dynasty of ancient Egypt who ruled for 9 years; tomb discoverer by Howard carter in 1922 renewing interest in ancient Egypt in modern times
Created by: 26097
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