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Ancient Egypt

Study for quiz! Quiz date: 12-19-2019

Obelisk A four-sided pillar with a top shaped like a pyramid.
Hieroglyphics A picture or symbol used to represent a word, syllable, or sound.
Papyrus A tall reed-like plant growing by the bank of the Nile River; used by Egyptians to make various things.
Sphinx A stone structure with the head of a human and the body of a lion; built by King Khafre.
Pyramid Protected the body of the pharaoh after death and allowed the spirit to enjoy life's pleasures for eternity.
Pharaoh Title belonging to the ruler of ancient egypt who was worshipped as a god,
Silt A mixture of tiny bits of soil and rock, over the land near a river, providing fertile farmland.
Great Pyramid Tomb of KIng Khufu; largest building in the world until 20th century; one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Rosetta Stone 3 languages (2 forms of Egyptian writing & one in Greek) written stone found in the small town of Rosetta and used to unlock the language of the ancient Egyptians.
Natron Mineral salt found in soil from dry lake beds and used by Egyptians to dry out corpse during mummification process.
Mummification 70-day process used by Egyptians to preserve the body for Eternity.
Canopic jars 4 sealed containers used to preserve vital organs (Stomach, liver, lungs, & intestines) of the deceased pharaoh for the After-life.
Book of the Dead Book containing spells and was enclosed with the mummified body allowing the "BA", or soul, to pass safely through the Underworld.
Anubis Afterlife god that weighed the heart of the dead person during the Judgement stage after death.
Osiris Afterlife god in charge of the Underworld.
Horus Afterlife god in charge of leading the "BA", or soul, safely to Judgement.
Sarcarphcous Outer container made in the image of the pharaoh that secured the layered coffins inside.
Archaeologist An expert in the scientific study of the way a man lived in the past by finding remains of ancient cities, towns, and tombs to study the artifacts to better understand how they lived.
Irrigate To supply land with water by means of channels, streams, or pipes.
Reign The period of rule of a monarch or other ruler.
Dynasty A line of rulers who belong to the same family; period of time where the dynasty rules
Custom An accepted social habit or pattern of behavior of a group; learned and passed on generation to the next.
Created by: Haliegh Stewart