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Government Final

TermDefinition
House of Burgesses The legislative assembly established in the 1640's in Virginia, now known as the General Assembly of Virginia
Parts of the Declaration of Independence A description of the purpose of government, A list of grievances against the King of England, A definition of peoples' natural rights
From where does the power come from stated in the Declaration of Independence? Stated that in a democracy power, comes from the people
Legislative Branch Split into two houses, the house of representatives whose membership was based on population of a state, and the senate whose membership was based on two senators per state
Why did Federalist agree to add a Bill of Rights to the Constitution? To persuade the anti-federalists to accept the constitution
U.S. Constitution v. Articles of Confederation Difference - it created a national government with three branches
Differences between the Anti-Federalists and the Federalists They disagreed most strongly over the division of powers between the national and state governments.
A major reason why the Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution To protect individual liberties from abuse by the federal government
“Father of the Constitution” James Madison
Checks and Balances Stops other branches from becoming too powerful
First Amendment Freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, right of the people peaceable to assemble, and petition the government for a redress of grievances
Where did the Anti-Federalists believe the power was given in the original draft of the Constitution? National/federal Government
Federalists beliefs on the Constitution Development on political factions would prevent one branch from gaining too much power, checks and balances would prevent branches from acquiring preponderant power, and a strong national government was necessary for commerce/trade/defense/relations
Some main areas for which the Constitution provided? A system of checks and balances between equal branches of government, establishing federal law while giving states power to govern themselves, and placating the southern states by counting slaves as 3/5's of population in HOR
Election of 1800 The first instance of political power being transferred peacefully from one political party to another
Veto A power granted to the president in order to prevent passage of legislation
Judicial Review The supreme court can declare a law unconstitutional because of the principle of the judicial review
What court case established Judicial Review Marbury v. Madison
Central idea of democracy The belief that government is derived from the people
According to the Declaration of Independence, from where should the government derive their legitimacy? Consent of the governed (voting)
One goal of the American Revolution Liberty/freedom
Know what the 14th, 15th, 19, and 21st amendments were all about. 14th-Define national citizenship/ forbid states to restrict basic rights of people 15th-African American men the right to vote 19th-Granted women the right to vote 21st- Repealed 18th, amendment on prohibition
Political Machines A party organization that recruits its members by using incentives such as money, jobs or favors.
Reapportionment of the Constitution The constitution requires reapportionment every 10 years
The concept in the opening words of the Preamble Express popular sovereignty
Procedures for a president to be removed from office The house votes for impeachment and the senate conducts a trial and reaches a guilty verdict
Pocketbook Vote In good economic times, the party holding the White House does well, whereas in a poor economy, the opposition party does better
What are the following course cases about?: Marbury v. Madison Roe v. Wade Plessy v. Ferguson McCullouch v Maryland Marbury v. Madison: established judicial reviews Roe v. Wade: affirms legality of a woman right to have an abortion Plessy v. Ferguson: Upheld racial segregation laws/seperate but equal McCullouch v Maryland: impose taxes on the bank
Cloture Motion Cuts off debate on a bill
Formal qualifications to run for President and/or Congress President - at least 35, 14 years of residency in US, natural born citizen of US Congress - at least 30, 9 years of residency in US, resident of elected state
Due Process a state may not take away a persons life ,liberty, or property
How many amendments are in the Constitution today? 27
What are the Bill of Rights? first 10 amendments of constitution, guarantees of certain basic rights
Double Jeopardy a person cannot be tried for the same crime twice
Refugees v. illegal aliens refugee- flees to another country to escape danger or persecution illegal alien- a foreign national living without authorization in a country of which they are not a citizen
Biggest entitlement program Social Security
Magna Carta established a limited government
Progressive Tax v. Flat Tax progressive tax- takes a higher % of income from upper income groups than from lower income groups flat tax- tax system with a marginal rate, usually applied to individual or corporate income tax
What do Article I, II, and III establish in the Constitution I - (L)egislature II -(E)xecutive III - (J)udicial
What did the framers of the Constitution intend to establish? A representative republic
Establishment Clause prohibits congress from establishing a state religion
Federalism the division of powers between the levels of government
Steps for an amendment to be adopted 1. 2/3 of both houses of congress have to pass a proposed constitutional amendment. this sends the proposed amendment to the states for ratification 2. 3/4 of the states ratify the proposed amendment, by their legislatures or ratifying conventions
Articles of Confederation no supreme court, each state had one vote in congress, 13 states had to agree to add an amendment
Civic Duty v. Jury Duty (2 questions) civic duty - a person has an obligation to participate in government/civic affairs (voting) jury duty - if you are registered to vote, or have a driers liscence you may be called to be questioned or serve on a jury
Closed Party (primary) v. Open Party (primary) closed primary - voters must declare that they are a registered member of the party in order to vote in that primary open primary- allows any registered votes to cast ballot in either primary
Who is responsible for forming the boundaries of the US congressional districts? state legislatures
Created by: kelby.fisher
 

 



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