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History Final Exam1

QuestionAnswer
1. Plato’s ideal form of government? He stated his philosophy in his work The Republic. believed that individuals should live in a just and rational state
2. Rome’s first code of law The Twelve Tables
3. What are some major differences between the Greco-Roman and Jewish and Christian traditions? They differ in matters concerning their beliefs in one God.
4. How did the Classical Greeks think about the individual? It is central to Western political thought today. individual achievement, dignity and worth are of great importance.
5. A cornerstone of our government today is based upon some political ideas that came from Montesquieu. What are they? His analysis of the governmental system of checks and balances
6. Rousseau wanted society to be governed by what? One of the persons who argued for the origin of the state as social contract theory.
7. One of the accomplishments of the French Revolution was a document that was based upon the Declaration of Independence? What document? Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen.
8. The thinking behind the Enlightenment Era and how the people should be governed. humans are guided by natural laws and through reason and thought can learn about their natural laws and create bodies that govern the people based on them.
9. What provisions were contained in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen? an end to tax exemptions, freedom of speech, freedom of the press.
10. What reforms did Napoleon introduce to France? a public school system, construction of new transportation including canals and roads, and the Napoleonic code
11. Philosophies of John Locke. Humans have Natural Rights
12. What Enlightenment philosopher published Two Treatises of Government, in which he detailed his beliefs regarding natural rights, including the right to life, liberty and property? John Locke
13. What was the Glorious Revolution all about? the invasion of England by William of Orange, which overthrew James II with almost no bloodshed
14. Why is the Magna Carta significant in the history of democratic ideas? strengthened the idea that a monarch’s power was limited, not absolute
15. What factors contributed to the rise of the Industrial Revolution in England Britain? improved food supplies, large labor force, and abundant money supply
16.The Textile industry met its last major challenge to full mechanization with the development of what? improvements to the steam engine
17. Industrial Revolution created new jobs in what? railroad construction, factory production, and coal mining
18. Nationalism v. Patriotism Patriotism creates a feeling of responsibility, whereas Nationalism creates a feeling of blind arrogance.
19. More on Nationalism v. Patriotism Patriotism displays a sense of pure pride in ones country, whereas Nationalism displays a sense of extensive pride no matter at what cost.
20. What social change was brought about by the Industrial Revolution? emergence of the working class and the middle class
21.What was the objective of the Romantic artists? stir up emotions.
22. How long did the Enlightenment Period last? one-hundred fifty years.
23. Mohandas Gandhi set up a nonviolent movement with the aim to force the British to aid the poor and grant independence to India
24.What did a growing Indian distrust of the British lead to? the First War of Independence, which the British called the Sepoy Mutiny
25. Democracy example All citizens of Athens had the right to discuss issues openly and to vote in the assembly.
26. Enlightenment view of women Women were considered to have natural rights to home and family.
27. The Declaration of Independence state that government should protect natural rights that were stated in what document. The Bill of Rights
28. How did the US Constitution reflect the ideas of the Enlightenment thinkers? It created a government based on a social contract.
29. How did France’s revolutionaries follow the examples set by leaders of the American Revolution? What did they write? issuing the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen.
30. Napoleonic Code and the Enlightenment principles It guaranteed the equality of all citizens before the law.
31. What is a direct result of the discovery that germs cause disease? improved sanitation
32. What had the greatest impact on the improvement of working conditions in the 1800s? labor unions
33. What contributed to German’s growth as an industrial power under Bismarck? substantial iron and coal reserves
34. Most to the growth of nationalism in the Balkans? the decline of the Ottoman empire
35. What had great power in the Third Republic in France? The voter-elected Chamber of Deputies had great power.
36.Why were the British able to conquer India’s vast territory? Britain exploited its diversity
37. What did Japan gain control over which aided in it becoming an imperialist power? Korea
38. Which system of law appeared first? The Code of Hammurabi
39. Aristotle famed Greek philosophers was interested in analyzing and classifying things as they are, based on observance and investigation
40. Why did Christianity first begin to spread quickly through the Roman Empire? There were reports that Jesus was the Messiah and had overcome death.
41.Why did King John not want to sign the Magna Carta? Because it would strengthen the idea that the monarch’s power was limited
42. A cause of the French Revolution. The crisis in government finances
43. The most political form in classical Mediterranean world representative democracy
44. The disease that took many lives in the fourteenth century subonic plague
45.Middle Passage The voyage from Africa across the Atlantic to the Americas.
46. Which Enlightenment Thinker gave us the principle of “the ends will justify the means” approach to government? Machiavelli
47.The Monroe Doctrine of 1823 was proclaimed by the United States to keep European nations out of Latin America.
48.Primary objective of the Declaration of Independence to free the colonies from allegiance to Britain
49. One effect of the French Revolution Nationalistic feelings were stimulated.
50. Nationalism the loyalty of a people to their values, traditions, and a geographic region at whatever the cost
Created by: a.j.reyes
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