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Facts, structure, functions and sources

Carbohydrates A food source which provides energy. (50-60%)
Protein A food source which is used for growth and repair of the body (12-15%)
Fats A food source as a secondary energy source. Should be consumed in small amounts (30%)
Simple A structure of carbohydrates. Single molecule, fast release energy and sweet tasting
Complex A Structure of carbohydrates. Multi-molecule, slow release energy, taste bland
RDA Recommended Daily Allowance
men RDA (Kcal) 2500
women RDA (Kcal) 2000
Saturated A type of fat. Filled with hydrogen atoms. Bad for the body (10%)
Unsaturated A type of fat. Not filled with hydrogen atoms. Good in moderation (20%)
Sources of Simple carbohydrates Apple, banana, strawberries, orange, chocolate and sports glucose drinks
Sources of Complex carbohydrates Rice, pasta, noodles, bread, potatoes and oats
Sources of Plant protein Beans, nuts, seeds, lentils and soya mince
Sources of animal protein Chicken, turkey, fish, beef, pork, lamb and eggs
Sources of unsaturated fats Oily fish (salmon), pumpkin seeds, nuts and avocados
Sources of saturated fats Cheese, milk, cream, red meat (beef)
Fibre A carbohydrate that isn't digested. Helps with the digestive system and stops constipation
Sources of Fibre Cereals, whole wheat rice and pasta, Whole grain bread oats and vegetables with skin on.
Amino Acids The structure of protein. 9 essential and 11 non essential.
essential amino acid Amino acids that we must eat
non-essential amino acid amino acids that we can create our self
Vegetarian Someone who doesn't eat meat of fish
Vegan Someone who won't eat any food which is animal related or comes from an animal.
Calorie Is a measurement of the amount of energy in an item of food or drink
Created by: MissGriffithsPE
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