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Westward Expansion

California Gold Rush period where thousands of people went west to search for gold
Cattle Drive when cowboys guided huge herds of cattle north to new railroad lines extending across the Great Plains
Pony Express business that delivered mail from Missouri to California in just ten days
Telegraph invention that sent messages along wires using Electricity
Samuel B. Morse developed a way to send telegraph messages
Transcontinental Railroad a railroad across the continent linking the Eastern United States to the Western United States
Union Pacific began building train track west from Omaha, Nebraska. Most workers were Irish immigrants.
Central Pacific began building train track east from Sacramento, California. Most workers were Chinese immigrants.
Promontory Point place in Utah where the Union Pacific met the Central Pacific and connected the transcontinental Railroad
Chinese Immigrants made up almost 80% of the Central Pacific Workers
Red Cloud Important leader of the Oglala Lakota people, told Union Pacific workers they were scaring away the buffalo
Gen. William Tecumsah Sherman warned the Native Americans that nothing would stop the building of the railroads
Homestead Act Of 1862 law that offered free land to American citizens and immigrants who were willing to start new farms on the Great Plains
Components of Homestead Act of 1862 1. Had to be a man 21 or older or a woman who was head of the family (incl. former slaves and immigrants) 2. Got up to 160 acres of land 3. Paid about $10 and Must agree to farm the land, live on the land for 5 years and make improvements
Homesteaders settlers who claimed land through the Homestead Act
sod house (soddy) houses made from sod (soil) on the Great Plains
sodbusters the name for farmers on the Great Plains
pioneers new settlers
exodusters thousands of African American pioneers who moved to the Great Plains and started communities
Nicodemus, Kansas a successful community started by exodusters
technology the use of new ideas to make tools that improve people’s lives
entrepreneur a person who starts a new business hoping to make a profit
Levi Strauss began making pants out of blue denim that were sturdy and didn’t tear – the first blue jeans
Reservation area of land set aside for Native Americans
Sitting Bull chief of the Lakota tribe in the Black Hills of South Dakota
Col. George Custer led the 7th Cavalry on a mission to defeat the Defeat the Lakota and force them onto a new Reservation
Battle of Little Bighorn battle in which Crazy Horse helped lead the Lakota to victory against the U.S. forces
Chief Joseph A Nez Perce’ chief who led his people to the Canadian border to avoid moving to a reservation.
Created by: jbenr2sd



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