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SOC UNIT 6 2020

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian Sociology Unit 6 Test Flashcards 2020

QuestionAnswer
Complete the following sentence: "The term _________ refers to the biological and anatomical differences between males and females while the term _____________ refers to culturally & socially constructed differences between males & females." Sex; Gender
What is the difference between primary and secondary sex characteristics? Primary refers to the reproductive organs while secondary refers to the physical traits (other than reproductive organs) that identify an individual's sex.
What does the term "intersexed person" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "an individual who is born with an ambiguous sexual differentiation".
What does the term "transgendered person" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a person who's gender identity does not match their assigned sex".
What does the term "sexual orientation" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a person's preference for emotional - sexual relationships with members of the opposite sex, same sex, or both.
What does the term "homophobia" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "extreme prejudice and sometimes discriminatory action directed at gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgendered, and other persons who are perceived as not being heterosexual".
What are "gender roles"? These are "attitudes, behaviors, and activities that are socially defined as appropriate for each sex and are learned through the socialization process".
What does the term "gender identity" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a person's perception of the self as female or male".
What does the term "body consciousness" mean/ refer to? This term "describes how a person perceives and feels about his or her own body".
What does the term "sexism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the subordination of one sex, usually female, based on the assumed superiority of the other sex".
What does the term "matriarchy" mean/ refer to? This term refer to "a hierarchical system of social organization in which women control cultural, political, and economic structures".
What does the term "patriarchy" mean/refer to? This term refer to "a hierarchical system of social organization in which men control cultural, political, and economic structures".
Briefly explain typical gender roles in preindustrial societies. In these societies, men tend to hunt and women tend to gather roots and berries, but there is a relatively equitable relationship between men & women because neither sex can survive without the other.
Briefly explain typical gender roles in industrial societies. In these societies, the status of women tends to decline. Men became the "breadwinners", having jobs outside of the home, and women were seen as "homemakers", taking care of children and the household.
Briefly explain typical gender roles in Postindustrial societies. Researchers still aren't sure what effect Postindustrialization will have on gender roles. Currently, people who provide or apply information have better paying jobs than service related positions, regardless of gender.
Where do we learn "gender appropriate" behavior? We learn this through the socialization process.
When does the gender socialization process begin? Give 1 example of this. This process begins at birth. One (1) example is when hospitals give pink blankets to girls and blue blankets to boys.
How important is a person's family to their gender socialization process? Very important! The family is considered "first and most important" where this is concerned.
List two (2) things that a person's peers do or provide where gender socialization is concerned. 1.) Help children learn prevailing gender - role stereotypes; 2.) Help children learn "gender - appropriate" and "gender - inappropriate" behavior.
What does the term "gender bias" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the showing of favoritism toward one gender over the other".
How are females typically socialized where playing games as children is concerned? Females are typically socialized to play exclusively with others of their own age and in groups of two or three. Many of these games are games like Hopscotch and Jump Rope (for younger females).
What purpose do sports serve where the socialization of males is concerned? For this group, sports "becomes a means of constructing a masculine identity, a legitimated outlet for violence and aggression, and an avenue for upward mobility".
What is "generally true" where male characters on children's shows are concerned? Generally speaking, male characters are more aggressive, constructive, and direct and are rewarded for their actions.
What is "generally true" where female characters on children's shows are concerned? Generally speaking, female characters are as acting deferential toward other people or as manipulating them through helplessness or seductiveness to get their way.
What is one (1) message that is conveyed by advertisements that are played during prime time TV shows? If people embrace the traditional notions of masculinity and femininity, their personal and social success is assured.
Who teaches adult men and women the "appropriate" type of conduct for persons of their sex and occupation? Employers and co-workers.
What does the term "pay gap" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the disparity between women's and men's earnings".
What does the term "comparable worth" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the belief that wages ought to reflect the worth of a job, not the gender or race of the worker".
What do Functionalist Theorists believe where "gender stratification" is concerned? They believe that "men and women have distinct roles that are important for the survival of the family and society". Biology serves as the basic division of labor (i.e. that men are physically stronger & women are only ones able to have children).
What do Conflict Theorists believe where "gender stratification" is concerned? They believe "the gendered division of labor within families and in the workforce results from male control of and dominance over women and resources".
What do Feminists believe where "gender stratification" is concerned? They believe that their overall theory should be embraced in order to reduce sexism and gender inequality.
What does the term "anorexia" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a person who has lost 25% or more of their body weight due to compulsive fear of becoming overweight".
What does the term "bulimia" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a person who binges by consuming large quantities of food and purges it by vomiting, excessive exercise, taking laxatives, or fasting".
What are two (2) things that we discussed in class that we can do to help to reduce or prevent "gender inequality"? 1.) Encourage children to play with any toy that they want, not ones that are "made" for boys or girls specifically; 2.) Ask people about their "significant other" instead of asking males about their girlfriend or females about their boyfriend.
Created by: sticklerpjpII
 

 



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