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Global 9

Ancient Civilization

Direct Democracy A form of government where citizens vote on all major issues Invented in Athens, Greece Only males who owned property could vote
Athens City-State (Polis) Cultural achievements- philosophy, columns, A2+ B2=C2
Sparta City-State (Polis) Militaristic monarchy Age 7, boys were trained for military service
Militarism Glorification of military power Build up army, navy and your weaponry Example: Sparta Germany (WWII)
City-State (Polis) A city that acts as an independent government Since Greece is a mountainous archipelago, many city-states were isolated and developed separate governments
Hellenistic Age Golden Age of Greece starting with Alexander the Great Blending Greek, Egyptian, Persian culture A time of peace, prosperity ($), and cultural achievement
Alexander the Great Son of Macedonian King Phillip Military genius, who expanded Greek territory Ruthless and burned the entire city of Thebes Known for starting the Hellenistic Age
Republic A form of government where citizens elect leaders who make decisions for the people Invented in the city of Rome Modern Example: USA
Pax Romana Golden Age of Rome 200 year period of peace, prosperity and cultural achievement starting with Caesar Augustus
Cultural Diffusion The exchange of goods , ideas, and customs from place to place Roman trade routes along the Mediterranean ( North Africa, Europe and Asia)
Twelve Tables Roman code of law US code of law was modeled after 12 tables Punishments were much more harsh than today
Senate Most important law making body in Rome Only men from the upper class were allowed to serve grew corrupt overtime
Plebeian Lower class in Rome Farmers, servants, small business owners could not serve in government
Patricians Land holding upper class in Rome Could serve in government
Caesar Augustus He took absolute control over government, after Julius Caesar's assassination Responsible for starting the Pax Romana
Aqueducts Tall bridge like structures built out of stone used to carry water from Rome's hills to the city Used gravity to bring water Emperor Claudius
Colosseum Largest Roman stadium gladiator fights took place fights were free to all citizens kept people entertained
Created by: mbarkley



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