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1.1 Enlightenment

TermDefinition
checks and balances a principle of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that allows each branch of government to limit the power of the other branches
consent of the governed an agreement made by the people to establish a government and abide by its laws
Enlightenment a period in European history when many educated people stressed the importance of learning and reasoning; education was considered the key to understanding and solving society’s problems
individual liberty a person’s ability to be free and independent
influence having an effect or impact on the actions, behavior, opinions, etc., of another or others
natural law laws passed by government to protect natural rights
natural rights the belief that individuals are born with basic rights that cannot be taken away by governments; life, liberty, and property
separation of powers the structure of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that sets up three branches with their own distinct powers and responsibilities
social contract an implied agreement among the people of an organized society that defines the rights, duties, and limitations of the governed and the government