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history ch.5

term definition
republic A government in which the citizens rule through elected representatives.
Articles of Confederation A document, adopted by the Second Continental Congress in 1777 and finally approved by the states in 1781, that outlined the form of government of the new United States.
confederation An alliance permitting states or nations to act together on matters of mutual concern.
Land Ordinance of 1785 A law that established a plan for surveying and selling the federally owned lands west of the Appalachian Mountains.
NW Ordinance of 1787 A law that established a procedure for the admission of new states to the Union.
Shay’s Rebellion An uprising of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers protesting increased state taxes in 1787.
Great Compromise The Constitutional Convention’s agreement to establish a two-house national legislature, with all states having equal representation in one house and each state having representation based on its population in the other house.
Three-Fifths Compromise The Constitutional Convention’s agreement to count three-fifths of a state’s slaves as population for purposes of representation and taxation.
federalism A political system in which a national government and constituent units, such as state governments, share power.
legislative branch The branch of government that makes laws.
executive branch The branch of government that administers and enforces the laws.
judicial branch The branch of government that interprets the laws and Constitution.
checks and balances The provisions in the U.S. Constitution that prevent any branch of the U.S. government from dominating the other two branches.
electoral college A group selected by the states to elect the president and the vice-president, in which each state’s number of electors is equal to the number of its senators and representatives in Congress.
ratification The official approval of the Constitution, or of an amendment, by the states.
Federalists Supporters of the Constitution and of a strong national government.
Antifederalists An opponent of a strong central government.
The Federalist A series of essays defending and explaining the constitution, written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay.
Bill of Rights The first ten amendments to the U.S Constitution, added in 1791 and consisting of a formal list of citizens’ rights and freedoms.
Created by: kenzie2



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