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Unit 2 Vocab

Imperialism and WWI

TermDefinition
Imperialism A foreign policy of extending a "stronger" country's rule over foreign nations, often by military force or by gaining political and economic control of other areas.
Annexation A formal act of adding territory, whereby a state proclaims its sovereignty(control) over newly added territory.
Monroe Doctrine (Foreign Policy) The United States warned European nations NOT to intervene in the Western Hemisphere (Latin America)—no longer could the European nations colonize in the Western Hemisphere.
Spanish American War A war between the US and Spain (1898) resulting in Spain's withdrawal from Cuba and the US cession of Guam, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico
Cession The act of giving up something, usually land, by the agreement in a formal treaty.
Yellow Journalism Journalism that is based upon sensationalism and extreme exaggeration.
Open Door Policy A United States foreign policy established in 1899 that would allow for a system of trade in China open to all countries equally.
Roosevelt Corollary Roosevelt's 1904 extension on of the Monroe Doctrine stating the US has the right to protect its economic interests in Central and South America by military force.
Panama Canal An artificial waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean. The United States took control over the project in 1904 and opened the canal on August 15, 1914.
Militarism The belief that a STRONG MILITARY FORCE should be maintained and used AGGRESSIVELY to DEFEND or PROMOTE national interests.
Alliance System Nations signed AGREEMENTS to SUPPORT each other. Most alliances were formed in SECRET.
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare A German war strategy of using submarines to SINK any ship without warning during World War I.
Zimmermann Telegram “Secret MESSAGE”- from GERMANY to Mexico offering help to regain lost territory from the Mexican American War that was intercepted by the United States in 1917.
Propaganda One sided information; tried to get people to think a certain way (opinions)
Espionage and Sedition Act Laws that silenced any and all opposition to the war It became a crime to speak out against war or the US government or armed forces during WWI.
Treaty of Versailles A treaty signed on June 28, 1919, formally ending World War I. The terms of the treaty required Germany to accept full blame for WWI, Pay financial reparations to allied nations, demilitarize, and give up all overseas colonies.
Created by: KMerritt17