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SS Ch2 S1 - 6P

for Adam

Who were the first people to the United States? The ancestors of the current Native Americans
What is the bridge theory? The land between Asia and North America, called Beringia
12,000 years ago hunters and families migrated where? Across the land bridge
What is oral tradition? Stories told by word of mouth; they were used to teach about history
Early Native Americans were nomadic. What does that mean? Moved from place to place.
What are artifacts? Objects made by people.
What did Native Americans hunt? Large animals like mastodons and wooly mammoths
What did the Native Americans use from the animals they hunted? Meat, fur, skin and bones
What happened as a result of climate change? Huge animals died out; they started to fish and hunt smaller animals; agriculture became important
The Olmec Civilization - when and where One of the earliest tribes in America; 1500 BC to 300 AD; lived in Southern Mexico
The Olmec Civilization - inventions Created system of writing and counting; created the 365 calendar
What was the Olmec Civilization knows as? The "mother culture" of the Americas
The Mayan Civilization - when and where 300 AD - 900 AD; lived in Southern Mexico, Guatemala and Northern Belize
The Mayan Civilization - inventions Developed writing system, used hieroglyphics; created a number system with the number zero; built more than 100 stone cities
The Mound Builders - when and where 1,000 BC to 200 AD, lived near the Ohio River Valley
Mississippian - when and where began about 700 AD; largest cities in Oklahoma and Illinois
What does pueblo mean? Village in Spanish
Pueblos - what kind of homes did they have? Lived in homes of multiple levels, built against canyon walls
Created by: annsinon
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