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Recapping Civil War

Root Causes of the Civil war

Slavery and Abolition -Explain Differences/Examples North generally opposed expansion of slavery and was home to abolition movement. South had legal slavery and fought to keep it
Slavery and Abolition -How did this lead to war? CSA declares its right to keep slavery and to fight any effort by the federal government to end it.
Economic Differences Tariffs -Explain Differences/Examples North LOVEs tariffs because they protect northern manufacturing/industry. South hates tariffs because they hurt southern agriculture.
Economic Differences Tariffs-How did this lead to war? 2 different economic visions in 1 country = disagreements lead to violence. Been simmering since the 1830s
Constitutional Differences -States’ Rights Theory- Compact Theory-Nullification Theory - Explain Differences/Examples Differing interpretations of the Constitution. Southern states argue that states have the ultimate authority and can nullify federal laws. Northern states claim that the federal government is supreme law of the land and no state can nullify federal laws.
Constitutional Differences -States’ Rights Theory- Compact Theory-Nullification Theory - How did this lead to war? These theories provided the basis for the southern claim to have the right to leave the union and form their own country.
Legal Changes-Dred Scott v. Sanford -(1857)- Explain Differences/Examples South supports the SCOTUS ruling. Retroactively extends slavery across all state lines - once a slave, always a slave → free states cannot free slaves.
Legal Changes-Dred Scott v. Sanford -(1857)- How did this lead to war? incenses the North; seething with anger. The abolition movement gains steam
Sectionalism-Explain Differences/Examples Owing your allegiance to a region instead of the entire country
Sectionalism-How did this lead to war? Deep divisions in the country, basically creates two countries in one → people think of themselves as a southerner or northerner, not as an America
The Blundering Generation-Explain Differences/Examples Leaders who fan the flames and make the situation worse, and do not worry about consequences
The Blundering Generation-How did this lead to war? Poor long-term vision, pushes the country over the edge
Westward Expansion -(1800-1850)- Explain Differences/Examples Both sides support expansion but disagree violently over whether or not to expand slavery → been simmering since 1780s
Westward Expansion -(1800-1850) How did this lead to war? Expansion brings the issue of slavery to the front of everyone’s attention → leads to Compromises in 1820, 1850, Bleeding Kansas….etc.
Created by: ramosruth2011