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SW Asia/Middle East

SW Asia/Middle East Vocabulary

TermDefinition
antisemitism hatred of Jews simply because they practice the Jewish faith
Arab a member of Semitic people inhabiting Arabia nad other countries of the Middle East
Christianity the belief that Jesus Christ is the Son of God
ethnic group a group of people who share cultural ideas and beliefs that have been a part of their community for generations
Five Pillars of Islam five things Muslims must do in their practice of Islam, during their lifetime
Gaza Strip a coastal region at the southeast corner of the Mediterranean Sea bordering Israel and Egypt
Islam religious faith of Muslims, based on the words and religious system founded by the prophet Muhammad
Israel a republic in South West Asia, on the Mediterranean Sea, created in 1948 by the United Nations as a home to the Jewish people of the world
Judaism a religious group of Jews who believe in one God
Kurds a distinct ethnic group that lives in the mountainous areas where Syria, Turkey, Iran, and Iraq come together
Muhammad an Arab prophet who founded Islam
Muslim a name given to the followers of the Islam religion
Ottoman Empire an empire that controlled much of the Middle East from 1300's until the end of World War I
Persian Gulf one of the main shipping routes for oil to be shipped out from the rich fields of Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Iran, and other countries that line its shores
Persians people who live in the modern country of Iran
Quran the holy book of the Islam religion
religious group a group with a belief system in a god or gods, with a specific set of rituals and literature
Shia Muslims the second largest denomination of Islam
Strait of Hormuz a very narrow waterway in which ships must navigate to and from the Persian Gulf
Suez Canal a canal in Egypt that allows water transportation between Europe and Asia without the need of traveling around the southern tip of Africa
Sunni Muslims the largest denomination of Islam
water pollution contamination of water supplies due to chemicals, fertilizers, sewage, and other garbage
Zionists a group who felt the world's Jews deserved to return to a homeland in Zion
Created by: Stauffer
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