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SS Review for Columbus-New Netherlands test
|Which nation did Columbus sail for?
|He sailed for Spain (King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella agree to finance his voyage)
|What was Columbus searching for?
|He was in search of a new trade route to Asia.
|What was a result of Columbus' voyage?
|He "discovered" the Americas (October 7, 1492) and claimed lands for Spain in Central America and the Caribbean
|Explain the Columbian Exchange.
|It was a world wide exchange of goods and ideas between North America and the Europeans when COlumbus arrived in the Americas.
|What foods did the Old World (Europe) give to the New World (Americas)?
|gave wheat, sugar, rice, coffee Beans, onions, oranges and rice
|What foods did the New World (Americas) give to the Old World (Europe)?
|gave corn, potatoes, beans, cocoa beans (chocolate), tomatoes, peanuts and strawberries
|What animals did the Old World (Europe) give to the New World (Americas)?
|gave horses, pigs, cows and sheep
|What animals did the New World (Americas) give to the Old World (Europe)?
|What diseases did the Old World (Europe) give to the New World (Americas)?
|gave smallpox, measles and flu
|Who gave tobacco in the Columbian Exchange?
|The New World (Americas) gave it to the Old World (Europe)
|Who gave metal tools in the Columbian Exchange?
|The Old World (Europe) gave it to the New World (Americas)
|Who were the conquistadors?
|They were the Spanish
|What was the goal of the conquistadors?
|They came to the Americas to get gold
|What did Hernando Cortez conquer and what year?
|1519- he conquered the Aztec Empire
|Where did Hernando Cortez land?
|He landed in Mexico with 500 soldiers
|What place does Hernando Cortez learn about?
|He learns about Tenochtitlan
|Who does Hernando Cortez form an alliance with?
|He forms an alliance with groups that the Aztec had conquered
|Who did the Aztec originally believe Hernando Cortez was?
|They originally believed he was a God.
|Who did Hernando Cortez hold prisoner?
|What year and where, did Francisco Pizarro land?
|In 1532, he landed in South America with 180 soldiers
|Who/what did Pizarro destroy?
|He destroyed the Incan empire
|Why did Pizarro capture the Incan Emperor?
|He held him for ransom for gold. Once he was paid the ransom, he killed the Emperor.
|What area did Pizarro gain control of?
|He gained control over the entire Incan Empire.
|What year and where did Juan Ponce de Leon land?
|In 1513, he landed in Florida
|What was Ponce de Leon searching for?
|He was searching for gold and the "Fountain of Youth."
|What did Ponce de Leon set up?
|He set up the first Spanish settlement in North America which became St. Augustine.
|How was Ponce de Leon killed?
|He was killed by a poison arrow.
|Why were the conquistadors able to conquer the Aztec and Incan Empires?
|Disease (smallpox); other Native American allies; they had horses; they had metal weapons (guns, swords, armor); the Native Americans thought the Spanish were Gods (they let them into their cities); they captured their leaders
|Why did European nations want to set up empires/colonies in the Americas?
|Set up for money and to protect trade routes.
|New Spain- Location
|California across to Florida and south to Central and South America
|New Spain- Economy
|Mines- gold and silver; plantations- sugar
|New France- Location
|Canada along the Mississippi River to New Orleans
|New France- Economy
|Along the Hudson River (present day New York)
|New Netherland- Economy
|How did the Europeans view land use?
|They claimed land; "owned" land
|How did the Native Americans view land use?
|They did not believe in land ownership.
|The Columbian Exchange meant new animals were introduced to both the Old World (Europe) and the New World (America). What was the new animal introduced to Europe?
|The Columbian Exchange meant new plants were introduced to both the Old World (Europe) and the New World (America). What new plant was introduced to Native Americans?
|The United States gets its name from whom?
|A popular map-maker, Amerigo Vespucci
|What regions best describe Spanish claims in North America in the 1500's?
|Caribbean Islands, Florida, California, and the American Southwest
|What regions best describe New France in North America in the 1600's?
|Canada, the Great Lakes, the Mississippi River Valley, and some Caribbean Islands
|Which European nation tended to bring very few settlers to their land in North America and relied heavily upon the fur trade?
|What was the so-called "Northwest Passage"?
|a mythical water route through North America to connect the Atlantic and Pacific.