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SS Columbes

SS Review for Columbus-New Netherlands test

Which nation did Columbus sail for? He sailed for Spain (King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella agree to finance his voyage)
What was Columbus searching for? He was in search of a new trade route to Asia.
What was a result of Columbus' voyage? He "discovered" the Americas (October 7, 1492) and claimed lands for Spain in Central America and the Caribbean
Explain the Columbian Exchange. It was a world wide exchange of goods and ideas between North America and the Europeans when COlumbus arrived in the Americas.
What foods did the Old World (Europe) give to the New World (Americas)? gave wheat, sugar, rice, coffee Beans, onions, oranges and rice
What foods did the New World (Americas) give to the Old World (Europe)? gave corn, potatoes, beans, cocoa beans (chocolate), tomatoes, peanuts and strawberries
What animals did the Old World (Europe) give to the New World (Americas)? gave horses, pigs, cows and sheep
What animals did the New World (Americas) give to the Old World (Europe)? gave turkeys
What diseases did the Old World (Europe) give to the New World (Americas)? gave smallpox, measles and flu
Who gave tobacco in the Columbian Exchange? The New World (Americas) gave it to the Old World (Europe)
Who gave metal tools in the Columbian Exchange? The Old World (Europe) gave it to the New World (Americas)
Who were the conquistadors? They were the Spanish
What was the goal of the conquistadors? They came to the Americas to get gold
What did Hernando Cortez conquer and what year? 1519- he conquered the Aztec Empire
Where did Hernando Cortez land? He landed in Mexico with 500 soldiers
What place does Hernando Cortez learn about? He learns about Tenochtitlan
Who does Hernando Cortez form an alliance with? He forms an alliance with groups that the Aztec had conquered
Who did the Aztec originally believe Hernando Cortez was? They originally believed he was a God.
Who did Hernando Cortez hold prisoner? Montezuma
What year and where, did Francisco Pizarro land? In 1532, he landed in South America with 180 soldiers
Who/what did Pizarro destroy? He destroyed the Incan empire
Why did Pizarro capture the Incan Emperor? He held him for ransom for gold. Once he was paid the ransom, he killed the Emperor.
What area did Pizarro gain control of? He gained control over the entire Incan Empire.
What year and where did Juan Ponce de Leon land? In 1513, he landed in Florida
What was Ponce de Leon searching for? He was searching for gold and the "Fountain of Youth."
What did Ponce de Leon set up? He set up the first Spanish settlement in North America which became St. Augustine.
How was Ponce de Leon killed? He was killed by a poison arrow.
Why were the conquistadors able to conquer the Aztec and Incan Empires? Disease (smallpox); other Native American allies; they had horses; they had metal weapons (guns, swords, armor); the Native Americans thought the Spanish were Gods (they let them into their cities); they captured their leaders
Why did European nations want to set up empires/colonies in the Americas? Set up for money and to protect trade routes.
New Spain- Location California across to Florida and south to Central and South America
New Spain- Economy Mines- gold and silver; plantations- sugar
New France- Location Canada along the Mississippi River to New Orleans
New France- Economy Fur trading
New Netherland-Location Along the Hudson River (present day New York)
New Netherland- Economy Fur trading
How did the Europeans view land use? They claimed land; "owned" land
How did the Native Americans view land use? They did not believe in land ownership.
The Columbian Exchange meant new animals were introduced to both the Old World (Europe) and the New World (America). What was the new animal introduced to Europe? turkey
The Columbian Exchange meant new plants were introduced to both the Old World (Europe) and the New World (America). What new plant was introduced to Native Americans? apple
The United States gets its name from whom? A popular map-maker, Amerigo Vespucci
What regions best describe Spanish claims in North America in the 1500's? Caribbean Islands, Florida, California, and the American Southwest
What regions best describe New France in North America in the 1600's? Canada, the Great Lakes, the Mississippi River Valley, and some Caribbean Islands
Which European nation tended to bring very few settlers to their land in North America and relied heavily upon the fur trade? France
What was the so-called "Northwest Passage"? a mythical water route through North America to connect the Atlantic and Pacific.
Created by: carlsond