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Exam 2

lecture 4-6

TermDefinition
Pilgrims English citizens who separated themselves from English society and religion; gave us democracy
William brewster leader of the Scrooby separatists who eventually settled in New England
Mayflower and Speedwell ship pilgrims used to sail to America; speedwell had a leak and was left in England
plymouth North American colony established by the Scrooby separatists
mayflower compact document that established democracy in America
samoset Native American diplomat who greeted the pilgrims in America
squanto Native American who showed pilgrims how to survive in New England
massasoit Wampanoag chief who celebrated thanksgiving with pilgrims
confederation of New England 1643; model for first government of America; New England colonies unified to protect themselves against native tribes
puritans English citizens who tried to fix the English church by creating a model society
John winthrop puritan leader who established the Massachusetts bay colony; 1st gov. of Mass.
great migration puritan migration; mass puritans migrating to Mass. after gaining charter from king Charles
covenant of grace discovery voyage that serves as the core of the puritan religion
TULIP Total depravity Unconditional election limited atonement Irresistible grace Perseverance
Harvard first center of higher education
old deluder satan law rules that established schools in New England towns and cities
New England primer 1st printed textbook in North America
Roger williams puritan dissenter who established the colony of rhode island
Anne hutchinson puritan dissenter whose followers established the colony of New Hampshire
antinomian those who believed the Holy Spirit is the personal guide to salvation
George fox English shoemaker who founded the quakers
society of friends those who believed an "inner light" guides one down the path of salvation
John elliot set up praying towns to assimilate natives
pequot war English settlers vs. native Americans; puritans almost completely wiped out the pequot tribe
metacom/King Philips war goal to stop puritan expansion; natives vs. puritans; natives almost wiped English existence in Mass.; started b/c English persecuted rouge natives w/o telling metacom
Benjamin church leader of the New England confederation; lead troops during great swamp fight
halfway covenant gave people, who didn't go through the covenant of grace, a chance for political power/ partial membership in the church
Salem witch trials accusations of witchcraft that lead to the hanging of 18 people
indentured servants individuals who sold their labors for a fixed number of years for passage to colonies
barbadosed being kidnapped
middle passage sea journey undertaken by slave ships from west Africa to West Indies
Anthony johnson African American who owned land in VA; sold it due to strict slavery laws and feared loss of rights and property; owned slaves for economic reasons
jumping the broomstick an action that signified marriage within slaves
phillis wheatley black slave from Boston who wrote poems; one of the first African american and women to have a book published; granted freedom in 1773
John Peter zenger journalist who questioned the policies of the NY gov. in 1700's; was jailed; sues and the case was the basis for freedom of speech and press; found not guilty
Benjamin west English painter became president of royal academy; symbol of art for America
the enlightenment philosophical movement 1685-1815; emphasize reason and scientific method; writers focused on gov., ethics, and science; rejected traditional beliefs
George whitefield minister of the Church of England; helped spread greta awakening in England
deism religion of enlightenment; believed god existed, created the world but left it to run on its own; rejects calvinism; no predestination
John wesley naval officer during American revolution; created the methodist church
Jonathan edwards began great awakening in north Hampton Mass.; pastor who believes ones life could be saved by doing good deeds; greatest preacher in America
great awakening religious revival in America history; encouraged thinking independently; people questioned tradition; unified colonies
John locke English philosopher who argued for people to have natural rights
Thomas jefferson 3rd president; drafted dec. of independence; made Louisiana purchase; leader in enlightenment
David rittenhouse inventor; 1st director the US Mint; astronomer; constructed 1st telescope in America
Benjamin franklin politician; founding father; major figure in enlightenment; discovered electricity; inventor
salutary neglect 1607-1651; English policy to leave colonies alone during first half of the 1700's; changed when brits needed money to pay debt from French/indian war
mercantilism system based on benefits of profitable money; countries made policies that favored money going from colonies to motherland
navigation act 1651-1660; English laws that controlled goods to and from colonies; forced colonies to only trade within English empire
Albany plan of union 1754 in Albany NY; 7 colonies met up to write own gov. b/c of frustrations w/ Britain; Franklin proposed plan unify colonies here
French/indian war 1754-63; leads to American revolution; war in American b/c France and brits both aided by indian tribes; ends with signing treaty of Paris
fort dequsne fort built by French at forks of Ohio
fort necessity fort built by George Washington in Ohio valley to protect English from french
Edward braddock brit. commander for French/indian war; unlikeable; defeated by French; took no advice from Washington and died in battle
James Wolfe British general who conquered quebec
battle of quebec British force French to surrender on plains of Abraham
proclamation of 1763 oct.7 by king George lll; law forbade colonists to settle west of Appalachian mountains
Created by: 1134552000087685