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Study Stack #2

Canada's Indicators of Official Poverty-Definitions (crossword)

Deep Income Poverty Individuals "whose family disposable income is below 75 percent of Canada's Official Poverty Line"
Unmet housing needs Canadians who are in housing that is need to major repairs or unsuitable for the size and composition of the household. And whose household income is such that they could not afford a suitable and adequate home in their community.
Unmet health needs Canadians that reported that their health care needs were not met when they needed it during the past 12 months
Food security Households that do not have enough money to purchase or access a sufficient amount, and variety of food to live a healthy lifestyle
Relative low income The proportion of Canadians who have less than 50 percent of the median after-tax income
Bottom 40% income shares Share of total after-tax income held by 40 percent of the population at the bottom of the income distribution
Low Youth engagement Youth (15-24) who are not in employment, education, or training
Low literacy Measured by those 15 +; defined as lacking a level of knowledge and skills in reading and writing to permit someone to fully participate in society
Low numeracy Not having the mathematical knowledge and skills that are essential for full participation in society
Median hourly wage The hourly wage at which half the population has a higher wage, and half the population has a lower wage
Average poverty gap Measures the average amount of Canadians living in poverty below the poverty line
Asset resilience The ability of Canadians to cover unexpected expenses, or reduced income, by drawing from assets to prevent falling into poverty for a period of three months
Poverty entry The proportion of Canadians who, after two years of filing their taxes, entered low income in the second year, after not being in low income in the first year
Poverty exit The proportion of Canadians who after two years of filing their taxes, exited low income in the second year, after being in low income in the first year
Absolute poverty Measures an essential basket of goods and services deemed necessary for physical survival
Relative poverty Reflects the differences in income between the poor and the majority of society, rather than being a fixed standard
Multidimensional Poverty Index Living standards, education and health
Market Basket Measure Absolute measure based on the cost of purchasing a set basket of goods
Poverty Gap The measurement of how much additional income is required to be above the poverty line
Industrialization 19th century factor that increased poverty
Urban 19th century went from rural to:
Medicare Act Universal healthcare administered at provincial level
Protestantism A source of individualism and morality
Pauperism Seen as a personal or family defect
Created by: ElStrang



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