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Screening Programs

Audiological Screening Programs - ASHA guidelines

QuestionAnswer
Goal of Hearing Screening accurately and efficiently identify hearing impairment by maximizing the number of correct identifications (sensitivity) while minimizing the false positives (specificity)
number of children born with congenital, significant, permanent, bilateral hearing loss 3 in 1000 infants
number of children that will acquire deafness in early childhood 3 in 1000 children
number of infants born daily in the US with permanent hearing loss 33 infants
estimated number of school days missed yearly due to otitis media (middle ear infection) 5 million days
percentage of children who receive hearing screening at school and fail because they cannot hear within normal limits 10 - 15 % of children
Goal for early intervention for hearing loss every baby tested by 1 month, diagnosed by 3 months, intervened by 6 months
neonate 0 - 28 days
infant birth - 3 years
preschool 3 - 5 years
school-age 5 years - high school
EHDI Early Hearing Detection and Intervention
Early Hearing Detection and Intervention - 3 components 1. birth admission screen, 2. follow-up assessment, 3. intervention
Early Hearing Detection and Intervention - desired outcome intervention before 6 months of age, infants who meet defined criteria for erferral should receive follow-up evaluation by 3 months
Infant screening high risk indicators, behavioral testing (BOA), physiological testing (ABR, OAE)
Created by: sullivancl