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1. Inflammation, production of interferon, and ingestion of pathogens by phagocytes are nonspecific cellular responses by which of the following? A. Internal aspect of adaptive immune system B. Antibody-mediated immunity C. Internal aspect of the innate immune system D. Passive immunity C
2. What feature of the adaptive immune system decreases the amount of time it takes for the body to respond to a particular antigen? A. Unbroken skin B. Memory cells C. cytotoxic T-cells D. Inflammation B
3. Which of the following occurs in the cardiac cycle if the impulse triggered at the sinoatrial node never reaches the Purkinje fibers of the heart A. Atria will not contract B. There will be an absence of systole C. Ventricles will not contract D. Diastole will shorten in duration C
6. Which of the following results from the blockage of blood flow to cardiac muscle tissue? A. Myocardial infarction B. Atherosclerosis C. Embolus D. stroke A
7. Which of the following describes the link between damaged villi and malnutrition? A. Damaged Villi decreases the nutrient-absorbing surface area in the gastrointestinal tract B. Villi are damaged, the surface area of the stomach is decreased. C. Peristalsis of the large intestine will be diminished D. Damaged Villi cause gastric reflux disease. A
8. Which of the following organs is responsible for the majority of the chemical digestion and absorption of nutrients in the digestive system? A. Large intestine B. Small intestine C. Liver D. Pancreas B
9. Which of the following statements correctly describes neurons? A. Motor neurons carry an efferent impulse B. Sensory neurons cause muscle contractions C. Motor neurons carry information towards the brain D. Sensory neurons carry an efferent impulse. A
10. Contraction occurs when the thin _____ filaments slide past the thicker _____ filaments, causing the sarcomere unit to shorten or contract. A. actin; myosin B. myosin; axon C. axon; actin D. dendrite; axon A
11. Which of the following nerve structures transmits nerve impulses to other cells? A. Axon B. Dendrite C. Cell body D. Glial cells A
12. The endocrine system is a collection of ductless glands that produce which of the following responses? A. Quickly initiating but prolonged response on other body systems B. Slowly initiating and short response on other body systems C. Quickly initiating and short response on other body systems D. Slowly initiating but prolonged response on other body systems D
13. Which of the following terms refers to the integration center between the endocrine and nervous systems? A. thymus B. Pineal C. Parathyroid D. Hypothalamus D
14. Which of the following glands has an exocrine function and aids in the regulation of blood glucose? A. Adrenal B. Pancreas C. Thyroid D. Pituitary B
15. Which of the following terms refers to the middle layer of the skin that is made of connective tissue. A. Hypodermis B. Keratin C. Dermis D. Epidermis C
16. Which of the following is produced by the skin when a cholesterol-based precursor is modified by the presence of ultraviolet radiation? A. Renin B. Vitamin D C. Sweat D. Keratin B
17. Which of the following types of bone cells perform mineral reorption? A. Osteons B. Osteocytes C. Osteoblasts D. Osteroclasts C
47. Students are designing an experiment to test the effect of drinking lemonade on the number of sit-ups they are able to perform. Which of the following is the dependent variable? A. Drinking lemonade B. Drinking water C. number of sit-ups D. time between sit-ups C
18. Inside of adult long bones, yellow bone marrow is located within which of the following? A. Lamellae B. Medullary Cavity C. Osteon D. Spongy bone B
19. Which of the following is a progressive autoimmune disease that causes joint inflammation and pain? A. Osteoporosis B. Osteoarthritis C. Rheumatoid arthritis D. Brittle bone disease C
21. Which of the following statements describes the function of ribosomes? A. they are used by cells to protect strands of DNA B. They maintain lipid production and storage C. the facilitate protein synthesis D. they convert food energy into cell energy C
22. Which of the following types of tissue serves to fasten an support body parts? A. connective B. Nervous C. Epithelial D. muscle A
23. Which of the following causes low lung compliance as a result of elastic lung tissue destruction? A. Asthma B. Cystic fibrosis C. Bronchitis D. Emphysema D
24. Which of the following leaves the body via the vas deferens? A. Gametes B. Follicles C. Zygotes D. Corpora lutea A
25. At which of the following sites does implantation of fertilized ovum occur? A. uterus B. Zygote C. cervix D. vaginia A
26. Which of the following reproductive organs produces sperm in males and ova in females? A. Follicles B. prostate C. scrotum D. gonads D
27. Which of the following is the process during which glucose and amino acids enter the renal tubule and are transported to the pertibular capillaries? A. Filtration B. Secretion C. Reabsorption D. excretion C
28. Which of the following parts of the brain controls balance and equilibrium? A. cerebellum B. cerebrum C. parietal lobe D. occipital lobe A
29. Which of the following is the term used to describe an action potential jumping from node to node in an axon? A. Reverberation B. Temporal summation C. Saltatory conduction D. Ricocheting C
30. Genetic information describing the characteristics of an organism, is found in which of the following? A. ribosome B. Nucleus C. Lysosome D. Mitochondrion B
31. Which of the following statements correctly describes a major metabolic pathway? A. photosynthesis is a reductive, degradative pathway B. Respiration is an oxidative, degradative pathway C. Photosynthesis is an oxidative, synthetic pathway. D. Respiration is a reductive, synthetic pathway. B
32. Which of the following best describes the result of mitosis? A. New body cells that replace damaged body cells B. Reproductive cells that can lead to new offspring C. Secretion of Keratin used in nail and hair production D. New proteins that can be used to build structures in the cell A
33. A polysaccharide can be described as which of the following? A. a carbohydrate that is made of many sugar molecules B. a molecule that is made up of many amino acid monomers C. A macromolecule that makes up many lipid milecules D. A polymer made up of many fatty acids bonded together. A
34. If a DNA segment of GGA TAC ATA is used as a template for RNA, what will the sequence of bases be in the complementary codons? A. CCT ATG TAT B. GGA TAC ATA C. CCU AUG UAU D. CCG AGU GAG C
35. Inheritance can be described a which of the following? A. spontaneous development of new traits in offspring B. transmission of characteristics of offspring C. sharing of characteristics with siblings D. Transmission of characteristics to parents. B
36. An atom that has lost an electron becomes ___ in charge and is called a(n) _____ A. positive; anion B. negative; cation C. negative; anion D. positive; cation D
37. Which of the following statements is true about protons? A. they can travel around the nucleus of an atom B. they can be shared with another atom in a covalent bond C. they can be transferred to another atom in an ionic bond D. They are located in the nucleus of an atom D
38. Which of the following characteristics applies to the bonds holding together nonpolar covalent molecules? A. they share electrons between atoms and result in a balanced distribution of charges throughout the molecule B. They share electrons between oxygen atoms of two different water molecules C. They hold water molecules in hydrogen bond associations that increase in number as temperature decreases D. They are made from the joining of oppositely charges ions that develop with electron transfer. A
39. Which of the followin is characteristics of a graph displaying the physical states of a substance under varying temp and pressure? A. showing the "critical point" combination of tem and pressure where a substance can exist in all three phases B. Showing the relationship between temperature and the energy change of a substance (in kj) C. Having temperature and pressure as its axes and is called a boiling point diagram D. Having temperature and pressure as its axes and is called a phase diagram D
40. Which of the following compounds is formed when a reaction between an acid and base results in the acid's hydrogen being replaced by a cation? A. alkali B. Enzyme C. Sugar D. salt D
41. Which of the following is the appropriate prefix to measure the amount of space taken up by a penny? A. kilo B. milli C. micro D. deca B
42. Which of the following is true statement about SI units? A. the term SI Units is an abbreviation for the phrase scientific instrument units B. SI units are part of a standard system of measurement that used in science C. When using SI units, indication magnitude may include conversion between yards and miles D. Prefixes used with SI units are unique to whether magnitude is being indicated for mass, length, or volume B
43. Which of the following scenarios is empirical data being collected? A. Nina discovers that she has cut out too many green square pieces of fabric for the quilt she is working on. B. Camille imagines that it will be best for her to grow tomatoes in the front garden this year C. Ian writes down his conclusions about why he is able to ride his bike faster than his sister D. Samantha counts the number of school busses that pass her house on monday between 2-3pm D
44. Which of the following is requirement in order to develop a sound conclusion? A. data collection that is both accurate and biased B. data that reflects the effect (or lack of effect) of the dependent variable C. data that is collected from a scientific experiment instead of a correlational study D. data that is collected from an experiment that includes a control D
45. Which of the following statements is true about understanding magnitude when describing relationships? A. unit of scale is insignificant when describing relative quantity B. a micrometer is smaller than a centimeter, and a centimeter is smaller than a kilometer. C. it is reasonable to omit units of measure when describing quantitative relationships D. magnitude is characteristic of qualitative data B
46. Which of the following is an example of a hypothesis? A. as the dog ran around the tree, he continued to bark. B. one cup of soda was added to each of the plants in one group. C. there are ten kinds of birds outside my kitchen window D. if a plant is watered with acid rain, it will grow more slowly. D
match the following respiratory system effects to their most probable cause. A. tuberculosis 1. fungus B. mycosis 2. mycibacterium A-2 B-1
match the following respiratory system effects to their most probable cause. A. walking pneumonia 1. gene mutation B. Cystic fibrosis 2. coronavirus C. influenza 3. mycoplasma infection A-3 B-1 C- 2
S.1.2.2 which situations would result in increased o2 difusion from alveoli into blood? A. increases perfusion and decrease ventilation B. increase o2 concentration of blood C. reduction in alveolar surface area D. Reduction in residual volume in lun D
s.1.2.1 at the end of the sprint, a runner breathes hard because the medulla oblongata senses which of the following? A. low o2 levels in blood B. low carbon dioxide levels in blood C. blood becoming alkaline D. blood becoming acidic D
3. Which of these organs is directly involved in synthesis of red blood cells in an adult? A. Liver B. Spleen C. Bone marrow D. Lymph nodes 3. Which of these organs is directly involved in synthesis of red blood cells in an adult? A. Liver B. Spleen C. Bone marrow D. Lymph nodes
2. Which describes an anatomical relationship between two structures in the human body? A. The mouth is anterior to the nose. B. The ribs are lateral to the sternum. C. The patella is inferior to the tibia. D. Muscles are superficial to skin. B. The ribs are lateral to the sternum.
1. Which of the following pairs correctly matches a cellular organelle with its function? A. Golgi apparatus – protein synthesis B. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum – energy production C. Cytoskeleton – movement D. Cell membrane – storage C. Cytoskeleton – movement
S.1.3.1 Which of the following describes a property of cardiac cells? A. generation of electrical impulses B. Production of red blood cells C. immune protection functions D. Removal of body waste products from the body A
S.1.3.2 Which of the followin blood component levels would be expected to increase followin vaccination A. Red blood cells B. antibodies C. dissolved gases D. Leukocytes B
S.1.3.3 Which statements regardin the circulatory system is correct? A.Sinoartial node is in the top section of right atrium B.All veins carry deoxygenated blood to heart C.Lub-Dub is caused by electrical impulse gen D,Atria has thicker walls than ven A
S.1.4.1 1. Which of the following physiological responses follows eating a large meal? A. Pulse rate increases. B. Peristalsis rate increases. C. Enzyme production decreases. D. Parasympathetic nervous activity decreases. B
S.1.4.2 2 y is liver failure is a health emergency? A.produces majority of digestive enzymes B.Food is filtered through the liver b4 digestion C.helps digested food be pumped around the body D.filters digestion products & produces urea as waste D
S.1.5.1. Which of the following actions is controlled by the autonomic nervous system? A. Walking B. Chewing C. Heart beating D. Talking C
S.1.5.2. Which of the following processes best describes how a signal travels across a nerve synapse? A. Electrical B. Kinetic C. Potential D. Chemical D
S.1.5.3. What is the primary component of muscles? A. Fat B. Protein C. Carbohydrate D. Nucleic acid B
s.1.6.1 1. Which of the following organs produces sperm? A. Penis B. Testes C. Prostate D. Vas deferens B
S.1.6.2 2. Which of the following connects the ovaries and uterus? A. Vagina B. Cervix C. Vas deferens D. Fallopian tubes D
S.1.6.3 3. In which of the following organs is estrogen primarily made? A. Testicles B. Uterus C. Scrotum D. Ovaries D
S.1.7.1 1. Which of the following is the outermost layer of the skin? A. Dermis B. Sudoriferous C. Sebaceous D. Epidermis D
S.1.7.2 Which of the following is not excreted through the integumentary system? A. Alcohol B. Minerals C. Blood D. Urea C
S.1.7.3 Which of the following mechanisms is used when the body becomes to cold? A. Blood vessel dilation B. Sweating C. Blood vessel constriction D. Vitamin D Production C
S.1.8.1 Which of the following describes the signal employed by the endocrine system? A. Electrical B. Chemical C. Physical D. Audio-visual B
S.1.8.2 Which of the following is nota gland in the endocrine system? A. Pineal B. Hypothalamus C. Lung D. Ovary C
S.1.9.1 1. Which of the following organs functions as part of the genitourinary system to maintain blood pressure? A. Heart B. Kidney C. Urinary bladder D. Ureter B
S.1.9.2 2. Which of the following parts of the genitourinary system also transports sperm? A. Kidney B. Ureter C. Urinary bladder D. Urethra D
S.1.9.3 3. Which of the following organs filters blood and creates urine? A. Heart B. Urinary bladder C. Lungs D. Kidney D
S.1.10.1 1. Which of the following are innate immune system cells that attack host cells harboring an intracellular pathogen? A. Natural killer cells B. Cytotoxic T-cells C. Plasma cells D. Dendritic cells A
S.1.10.2 2. Which of the following is a nonspecific immune response? A. Antibody secretion by plasma cells B. Cytokine secretion by T-cells C. Antigen recognition by B-cells D. Cytokine-mediated inflammation D
S.1.11.1 1. Which of the following cells is involved in mineral resorption from bone? A. Osteoclasts B. Osteoblasts C. Canaliculi D. Osteon A
S.1.11.2 2. Which of the following bones articulate at a synovial joint? A. Skull bones B. Radius and ulna C. Bones of the pubis D. Humerus and scapula D
Question 2 : A muscles elasticity is its ability to ... A. stretch without being damaged B. return to its original length after contraction C. contract forcefully when stimulated B
An adductor is a skeletal muscle which ... A. moves a limb away from the midline B. flexes a muscle C. moves a limb towards the midline C
Question 7 : Which type of muscle is stimulated by nerve impulses from the brain and spinal cord? A. skeletal B. cardiac C. smooth A
Skeletal muscle is attached to bones by ... A. ligaments B. muscle tissue C. tendons C
An adductor ... A. turns a limb to face upwards B. moves a limb towards the midline C. moves a limb away from the midline B
What is the name for a muscle that turns a limb to face downwards? A. sphincter B. pronator C. supinator B
A flexor ... A. decreases the angle at a joint B. extends a limb C. moves a limb towards the midline A
From the anatomical position, turning the palm to face the body is an example of ... A. lateral rotation B. circumduction C. medial rotation C
Lifting the shoulders towards the ears is an example of ... A. elevation B. extension C. eversion A
What do we call a muscle that moves a limb away from the midline? A. an adductor B. an abductor C. an extensor B
Flexing the foot at the ankle is called ... A. inversion B. dorsiflexion C. plantarflexion B
Extending the foot at the ankle is called ... A. dorsiflexion B. inversion C. plantarflexion C
The median plane divides the body into ... A. anterior and posterior halves B. left and right halves C. superior and inferior sections B
A coronal plane divides the body into which of the following? A. anterior and posterior portions B. superior and inferior portions C. lateral and medial portions A
A horizontal plane divides the body into which of the following? A. distal and proximal portions B. superior and inferior portions C. anterior and posterior portions B
An area of the body nearer to the front A. medial B. anterior C. lateral B
An area of the body further from the median plane A. lateral B. medial C. distal A
Which of the following is lateral to the eye? A. the nose B. the forehead C. the ear C
An area of the body closer to the median plane A. distal B. medial C. proximal B
Something closer to the feet is referred to as? A. lateral B. distal C. inferior C
Which of the following is inferior to the left elbow? A. the right elbow B. the left shoulder C. the left hand C
An area of the body nearer to the back is referred to as? A. posterior B. inferior C. lateral A
The failure of which of the following organs could interfere with gas exchange in the body? A. lung B. kidney C. pancreas D. skin A
which of the following is located on the anterior region of the human body? A. buttocks B. patella C. scapula D. Vertebral column B
Which of the following pairs of common anatomical terms is mismatched? A. wrist/ carpal B. neck/ cervical C. skull/ cranial D. inguinal/ foot D
Which of the following is the correct sequence when tracing the path of air from the upper to lower respiratory tract? A. Nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, bronchi, bronchioles B. Nasal cavity, larynx, pharynx, trachea,bronchi, brochioles C. Nasal cavity, bronchi, bronchioles, trachea, pharynx, larynx D. Nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchioles, bronchi A
surface tension of the alveolar fluid is reduced by the secretion of ____ by lung cells. Which of the following options correctly completes the statement above? A. sodium B. adrenaline C. surfactant D. histamine C
Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide occurs across the alveolar membrane by the process of _____. A. active transport B. pinocytosis C. diffusion D. osmosis C
Contraction of the diaphragm and external intercostal muscles results in which of the following? A. a decrease in the volume of the thoracic cavity B. a decrease in alveolar pressure C. an increase in alveolar pressure D. forced expiration B
For which of the following conditions is compliance highest? A. asthma B. bronchitits C. emphysema D. lung cancer C
the erythrocytes of the blood do which of the following? a. initiate the blood clotting mechanism. b. transport oxygen and some carbon dioxide c. initiate the conduction system of the heart d. defend the body against pathogens b
which of the following vessels carry deoxygenated blood? a. pulmonary veins and pulmonary arteries b. vena cava and pulmonary veins c. aorta and vena cava d. pulmonary arteries and vena cava d
the arteries are thicker and more elastic than the veins because a. arteries are under greater pressure b. veins return blood to the heart against gravity c. arteries have more blood flowing through them than do vein d. veins have valves to control pressure a
a bp might read 120/70 mm hg. what is the higher number called, and what does it signify that the heart is doing? a. called systole, and is the phase when the heart is relaxing b. called systole, and is the phase when the heart is contracting c. called diastole, and is the phase when the atria are relaxing while the vesicles are contracting. d. called diastole, phase when heart is contracting b
which is not a function of the lymphatic tissue? a. proliferation of erythrocytes b. collecting excess fluid from tissues c. providing cells for immunes response d. filtration of interstitial fluid through lymph nodes. a
Which of the following is correctly matched? A. mouth/ mechanical digestion in the form of deglutition B. Stomach/ absorption of nutrients C. duodenum/ mechanical digestion D. Colon/ absorption of water and vitamins D
2. Which of the following moves the bolus down the esophagus to the stomach? A. Mastication B. Deglutition C. Peristalsis D. Pharyngeal constriction C
The villi, microvilli, and rugae function to ___ ? A. secrete hormones to regulate blood sugar levels. B. increase surface area for absorption C. Stimulate mechanical digestion D. Promote peristalsis B
Failure of the lower esophageal sphincter to close could result in which of the following? A. choking B. Gastric reflux C. respiratory inspiration D. diarrhea B
Which of the following is NOT associated with the large intestine? A. Enzyme secretion for digestion B. Bacteria for producing vitamins C. Absorption of water and nutrients D. Storage of feces A
___ neurons carry stimulus towards the central nervous system while ___ neurons carry impulses away from the central nervous system. A. Afferent; sensory B. Motor; Sensory C. Efferent; Afferent D. Sensory; motor D
Which of the following are incorrectly paired? A. brain/ central nervous system B. spinal cord/ central nervous system C. spinal cord/ peripheral nervous system D. autonomic division/ peripheral nervous system C
The action of chewing food is controlled by the ___ division of the nervous system, while the digestion of food is controlled by the __ division of the nervous system? A. Somatic; autonomic B. voluntary; somatic C. Sensory; motor D. involuntary; voluntary A
Which of the following is incorrect in relation to muscle contraction? A. Muscle contraction is stimulated by release of neurotransmitters released in the synapse B. both actin and myosin filaments shorten in length. C. both actin and myosin stay the same length . D. Muscle contraction requires the use of ATP. B
Transecting injuries to the spinal cord affect which of the following? A. only the somatic system B. only the autonomic system C. both the somatic and autonomic system D. the brain only C
The female gametes are called __ and contain a ____ set of chromosomes. A. sperm/ half B. Ova/ half C. eggs/ full D. ovaries/ full B
Which of the following structures is part of both the male urinary and reproductive system? A. prostate gland B. Vas deferens C. Seminal vesicle D. urethra D
Typically, egg and sperm meet for fertilization in which of the following? A. Fallopian tube B. Vagina C. Uterus D. Cervix A
Male gametes are produced in the ___ and mature in the ___. A. scrotum/ testes B. prostate gland/ vas deferens C. testes/ epididymis D. Seminal vesicle/ penis C
In the female system, the hormone FSH stimulates ___, While LH stimulates ___. Which of the following pairs completes the sentence above? A. thickening of the endometrium/ menstruation B. Sperm production/ production of testosterone C. Estrogen production/ Follicle development D. Follicle development/ ovulation D
Which of the following describes the dermis of the skin? A. the most external layer of the skin B. The layer of the skin where many accessory structures originate C. An avascular layer of the skin D. the deepest layer of the skin B
Match the gland with the secretion that it produces. A. sebaceous gland/ oil B. Apocrine sweat glands/ the primary perspiration involved in evaporative cooling. C. Ceruminous glands/ a secretion that, when released, has an odor with a possible pheromone function in humans. D. Eccrine glands/ ear wax A
The integumentary system protects the body by ___ A. playing a major role in the adaptive immune system. B. Constantly allowing water to leave through the cells of the epidermis C. Providing a large surface area through which metabolic wastes are excreted. D. Channeling ultraviolet light from sun to tissue layers underneath the skin. C
Match the accessory structure with its function A. hair follicle/ errine sweat production B. ceruminous glands/ earwax production C. Arrector pili/ sebum production D. Apocrine glands/ hair production B
Which of the following statements are true? A. Glands of the endocrine system deliver hormones directly to their target sites by way of ducts B. The transport of hormones is not dependent on the circulatory system C. The endocrine system secretes chemical messengers from ductless glands D. Exocrine glands produce hormones that cause metabolic changes in cells. c
The hormones called insulin and glucagon ____ A. work together to increase blood glucose levels B. are secreted by the pituitary gland to regulate blood glucose levels C. regulate calcium ion concentrations in the blood D. have opposite effects on blood glucose levels but work together towards maintenance of a homeostatic level of glucose in the blood. D
Which of the following pairs correctly matches a gland and a hormone it secretes? A. hypothalamus / growth hormone B. Anterior pituitary/ thyroid-stimulating hormone C. Ovary/ follicle-stimulating hormone D. parathyroid/ glucagon B
Which of the following is the tube that delivers urine to the urinary bladder? A. collecting duct B. ureter C, urethra D. distal tubule B
Which of the following pairs correctly matches the part of the nephron and its function? A. glomerulus/ passes water, glucose, wastes, and electrolytes from blood. B. proximal tubule/ passes water from the blood into the filtrate C. collecting duct/ delivers blood to the glomerulus D. Bowman's capsule / reabsorbs water A
The renal cortex ___ A. is the location of the kidney where the glomeruli and bowman's capsules are found B. contains the renal pelvis C. is the location where angiotensinogen is produced D. is surrounded by the renal medulla. A
Renin is an enzyme produced by which of the following? A. the kidneys that convert angiotensinogen from the liver to angiotensin l B. kidneys that is part of a chemical cascade that decreases blood pressure C. liver D. Kidneys when baroreceptors detect that blood pressure is too high A
The collective swelling, pain, heat, and redness resulting from an innate immune system response is called which of the following? A. inflammation B. Antibody-mediated immunity C. passive immunity D. cell-mediated immunity A
An immune systems rejection of organs from an organ donor is caused by which of the following? A. autoimmune disease B. vaccine C. immune system's recognition of foreign antigens D. interferons C
Which of the following secretes interleukins and triggers the action of other cells? A. cytotocix t-cells B. helper t-cell C. Histamine D. B-cells B
mineral resorption is caused by which of the following? A. osteoclasts B. Hydroxyapatite C. Osteoblasts D. Osteoporosis A
Weak and brittle bones caused by a lack of bone minerals are symptoms of which of the following? A. tetany B. osteoporosis C. brittle bone disease D. hydroxyapatite B
Blood vessels in bones ___ A. are found in canaliculi B. travel across lamellae C. travel in volkmann canals D. have many lacunae and osteons C
The kind of soft tissue that attaches muscle to bone is known as which of the following? A. tendon B. cartilage C. ligament D. periosteum A
Which of the following structures is located in the axial skeleton and lined with mucus membrane? A. sinus B. mandible C. sternum D. hyoid bone A
4. Which of the following organs is the site of blood filtration? a. Kidney b. Heart c. Lung d. Brain A
5. Which of the following organ systems is responsible for transporting nutrients, wastes, and other substances throughout the human body? A. Respiratory B. Immune C. Nervous D. Circulatory D
9. The bands in muscle sarcomere are formed by actin and which the following other proteins? A. Myosin B. Dynein C. Keratin D. Laminin A
11. Which of the following chemical compounds prevents the lungs from collapsing? A. Mucus B. Surfactant C. Enzymes D. Buffers B
12. Type 1 diabetes is a disease associated with which of the following hormones? A. Estrogen B. Insulin C. Testosterone D. Thyroxine B
13. Unlike skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle is highly resistant to lactate-mediated fatigue because cardiac muscle. A. Uses aerobic respiration in mitochondria for energy B. Operates with electrical energy supplied by the sinoatrial (SA) node C. Primarily metabolizes glucose using the fermentation pathway D. Does not need oxygen for the production of energy. A
14. The nephridium in worms has a function most similar to which of the following organs in humans? A. Liver B. Spleen C. Lymph nodes D. Kidney D
15. Which of the following connects two bones together? A. Ligament B. Tendon C. Marrow D. Muscle A
16. Which of the following cell types provides a waterproofing function for the outer layers of skin? A. Melanocytes B. Keratinocytes C. Merkel cells D. Langerhans cells B
17. The shape of Villi and microvilli facilitates which of the following? A. Pushing food along the intestine via ciliary motion of villi B. Creating barriers to food movement to increase digestion C. Decreasing surface area for absorption D. Increasing surface area for absorption D
18. Which of the following arteries directly supplies oxygenated blood to reproductive system? A. Common carotid artery B. Gonadal artery C. Femoral artery D. Subclavian artery B
19. Which of the following produces progesterone to prepare the uterus for pregnancy? A. Endometrium B. Cervix C. Corpus luteum D. Fallopian tubes C
20. A person is suddenly frightened. Which of the following reactions occurs next? A. Liver cells absorb glucose from the blood stream B. Blood vessels supplying skeletal muscles constrict C. Blood vessels supplying the intestines dilate D. Liver cells release glucose into the blood stream. D
23. Which of the following are sesamoid bones? A. Phalanges B. Patellae (sesamoid bones which develop in response to strain.) C. Scapulae D. Metatarsals B
24. Which of the following glands is the primary producer of insulin? A. Thyroid B. Adrenal C. Pituitary D. Pancreas D
25. Which of the following glands primarily supplies hair shafts and skin with oily secretions? A. Eccrine gland B. Apocrine gland C. Sebaceous gland D. Ceruminous gland C
27. Stores of subcutaneous fat can be found in which of the following layers of the skin in the human body? A. Epidermis B. Dermis C. Hypodermis D. Dermal papillae C
28. Demyelinization results in which of the following? A. Inhibited detection of a stimulus at the dendrites of a nerve cell B. Disrupted propagation of an action potential along the axon of a nerve cell C. Inhibited uptake of neurotransmitters at the synapse of a nerve cell D. Disrupted ability of the NA+/K+ pumps to depolarize a cell B
29. Which of the following is the function of the lymph nodes in mammals? A. Pump oxygen into tissue spaces B. Store extra glucose for emergencies C. Synthesize hemoglobin for erythrocytes D. Filter debris from intracellular spaces D
30. Which of these structures diverts food into the esophagus and prevents it from entering the lungs? A. Uvula B. Soft palate C. Tonsils D. Epiglottis D
32. Which of the following structures within a human cell is responsible for recycling the materials no longer functional or needed within the cell? A. Ribosome B. Lysosome C. Mitochondrion D. Nucleolus B
35. Which of these terms related to the respiratory system refers to the “voice box” for sound production? A. Pharynx B. Trachea C. Larynx D. Uvula C
36. Kidneys remove which of the following from the blood? A. Platelets B. Salts C. Oxygen D. Fat B
37. Which of the following is classified as a flat bone? A. Tarsal B. Vertebrae C. Rib D. Humerus C
In which of the following areas does protein breakdown begin in the human body? A. Mouth B. Stomach C. Small intestine D. Large intestine B
45. In which part of the body do T-cells mature? A. Bone marrow B. Thymus C. Adrenal glands D. Thyroid B
46. Which of the following classes of biomolecules can influence the rate of specific chemical reactions within the living cell? A. Nucleic acids B. Proteins C. Lipids D. Carbohydrates B
47. Which of the following connects the kidneys to the bladder? A. Capillaries B. Ureters C. Urethras D. Arteries B
Which of the following molecules, if present in urine, indicates a problem with kidney function? a. Albumin b. Creatinine c. sodium ions d. water A
Which of the following glands produce melatonin, the hormone that regulates sleep? a. Thyroid b. Hypothalamus c. Pituitary d. Pineal D
Anxiety about an upcoming final exam causes a student to experience an increase in blood pressure. Dilation of the pupils, and dry mouth. Which of the following nervous system responses is responsible for these physical symptoms? a. Voluntary b. Sympathetic c. Limbic d. Cognitive B
Which of the following layers of the epidermis contains cells that provide protection against UV radiation? a. Stratum corneum b. Stratum lucidum c. Stratum spinosum d. Stratum basale D
Nails are made of a protein called? a. Collagen b. Vinculin c. Keratin d. Elastin C
Which of the following conditions is related to an abnormality in the function of red blood cells? a. Arrhythmia b. Anemia c. Hypertension d. Leukemia B
Pancreatic cells have an abundance of ___ to meet the protein production demands of the cell. a. Nuclei b. Mitochondria c. Lysosomes d. Enough endoplasmic reticulum D
Which of the following explains what happens in the circulatory system during hyperventilation? a. Oxygen levels increase, causing an increase in blood ph. b. Oxygen levels decrease, causing a decrease in blood ph. c. Carbon dioxide levels decrease, causing an increase in blood ph- blood becomes more basic, increasing blood ph d. Carbon dioxide level increase, causing a decrease in blood ph. C
Cystic fibrosis is a homozygous recessive condition. A genetic counselor should advise concerned parents that, if each of them has a parent who has cystic fibrosis yet neither of the concerned parents is affected, the probability of their potential child having cystic fibrosis is a. 0% b. 25% c. 50% d. 100% B
A blood sample taken from a patient fighting an infection is expected to show a. Reduced white blood cell count b. Elevated white blood cell count c. Elevated red blood cell count d. Reduced red blood cell count B
Which of the following is the iron-containing protein in red blood cells? a. Plasma b. Deoxyribonucleic acid c. Hemoglobin d. Myoglobin C
Skeletal muscle contraction is stimulated by the neurotransmitter ____, which is released by nerves at the neuromuscular junction. a. Acetylcholine b. Nitric oxide c. Dopamine d. Glycine A
Which of the following connects bones to muscles? a. Ligaments b. Tendons c. Synovium d. Suture B
Which of these terms specifically means the intake and expulsion of air using the lungs? a. Inspiration b. Aeration c. Ventilation d. Oxygenation C
The lungs are covered by a membrane called the a. Pericardium b. Periosteum c. Symphysis d. Pleura D
Which of the following processes explains why an individual that has suffered a broken bone and its immobilized for an extended period of time experiences bone mass loss? a. Demineralization b. Muscle atrophy c. Ossification d. Kyphosis A
Which of the following results from the release of the neurotransmitter dopamine into the nerve synapse? a. The presynaptic neuron fires an action potential b. Dopamine binds to receptor proteins on the membrane of the postsynaptic cell- dopamine beinds to the protein of the postsynaptic cell. c. Dopamine enters the cytoplasm of the postsynaptic cell d. Dopamine causes the postsynaptic nerve cell to contract B
Which of the following hormones is produced in the ovaries? a. Estrogen b. Vasopressin c. Prolactin d. Oxytocin A
Which of the following statements correctly matches a body system with its function? a. The digestive system facilitates absorption of substances into the bloodstream b. The respiratory system transports oxygenated blood throughout the lungs and body c. The excretory system prevents harmful substances from entering the body d. The endocrine system transports hormones from place to place within the body. A
Which of the following explains why damage to the spleen is critical concern? a. Damage to the spleen reduces the production of granulocytes b. Damage to the spleen causes massive blood loss c. Damage to the spleen results in loss of clotting ability d. Damage to the spleen results in decreased red blood cell production and maturation B
Which of the following food sources provides the majority of the urea that is filtered from the blood via the kidneys a. Meat and some plant products, such as legumes b. Fruits, such as pineapple and pear c. Lard and various oils, such as vegetable and canola d. Grain products, such as breads and pasta A
A first-degree burn involves which of the following layers of the skin? a. Epidermis only b. Epidermis and part of the dermis c. Epidermis and all the dermis d. Epidermis, dermis, and some muscle and bone A
Which of the following illustrates a negative feedback mechanism that occurs in the human body? a. The release of insulin from the pancreas in response to an increase in blood-sugar levels b. The release of glucagon from the pancreas in response to an increase in blood-sugar levels c. The release of oxytocin resulting in uterine contractions as childbirth is underway d. Chemical reactions that result in coagulation due to fibrin being released. A
Which of the following organs store bile? a. Stomach b. Liver c. Small intestine d. Gallbladder D
Which of the following contains the testies? a. Epididymis b. Mesentery c. Prostate d. Scrotum D
What is the role of the urethra? A. To transport urine out of the body B. To transport the egg to the uterus C. To connect to kidneys to the bladder D. To connect the uterus to the outside of the body A
A blood pressure reading of 120/70 mm Hg refers to arterial pressures recorded during A. Atrial contraction/ ventricular contraction B. Atrial contraction/ ventricular relaxation C. Ventricular contraction/ ventricular relaxation D. Ventricular relaxation/ atrial relaxation C
Which of the following glands is exclusively found in males? A. Adrenal B. Parathyroid C. Cowper’s D. Pituitary C
Which of the following is part of the small intestine? A. Ileum B. Colon C. Pylorus D. Cecum A
Which of the following glands is found on top of the kidneys? A. Thyroid B. Pituitary C. Adrenal D. Pancreas C
36.1 Which of the following structures changes the volume of the lungs? A. alveoli B. heart C. trachea D. Diaphragm D
36.2 Which of the following statements best explains how the structure of alveoli relates to its function? A. Alveoli are large to maximize gas exchange B. the walls the alveoli are thin to increase the rate of diffusion C. the walls of the alveoli are thick to prevent pressure buildup D. Alveoli are small to increase the transportation of cells. B
36.3 Which of the following statements best describes the primary function of the respiratory system? A. it transports oxygen and carbon dioxide to cells all over the body B. it involves the inhalation and exhalation of gases into the environment C. it exchanges gases between the blood and the air in an environment D. it maintains proper blood level ph C
36.4 which of the following conditions causes a narrowing of airways in the respiratory system? A. influenza B. bronchitis C. asthma D. pneumonia C
37.1 Which of the following lists the primary parts of the heart? A. blood cells B. muscle tissue split into two chambers C. muscle tissue split into four chambers D. four ventricles C
37.2 Which of the following blood components is responsible for transporting oxygen? A. red blood cells B. plasma C. dissolved gases D. Leukocytes A
37.3 Which of the following chambers pumps blood toward the lungs? A. left atrium B. right atrium C. left ventricle D. right ventricle D
37.4 Which of the following statements best describes the function of veins?. A. veins carry deoxygenated blood B. veins carry oxygenated blood C. veins carry blood back to the heart D. veins carry blood away from the heart C
38.1 In which of the following organs does digestion begin? A. mouth B. stomach C. small intestine D. pancreases A
38.2 in which of the following organs does the breakdown of proteins begin? A. mouth B. stomach C. small intestine D. pancreas B
38.3 Which of the following structures absorbs nutrients in the small intestine? A. mucus B. microvilli C. enzymes D. hormones B
38.4 Which of the following statements best describes peristalsis? A. the partly digested food moving from the stomach to the small intestine B. the mechanical breakdown of food entering the stomach C. muscle contractions that move food through the digestive tract D. Chemical digestion of food with the help of enzymes C
39.1 which of the following actions is controlled by voluntary nerve signals? A. walking B. digestion C. heart beating D. breathing A
39.2 which of the following best describes the function of a nerve synapse? A. it carries a nerve impulse away from the body B. it is responsible for involuntary muscle movements. C. it allows for the passing of signals between neurons and muscles D. it contains a bundle of fibers that transmit electrical impulses. C
39.3 which of the following types of muscle cell are often voluntary? A. skeletal B. smooth C. cardiac D. nervous A
39.4 which of the following types of nerves sends messages to the brain? A. skeletal B. smooth C. sensory D. motor C
40.1 which of the following organs produce female gametes? A. ovary B. testes C. prostate D. uterus A
40.2 which is the location where ferritization typically takes place? A. vagina B. penis C. vas deferens D. fallopian tubes D
40.3 Which of the following best describes one function of estrogen? A. production of sperm cells B. maturation of eggs C. release of egg D. fertilization B
40.4 Which of the following does not result from the production of luteinizing hormone (LH) in males?. A. bone growth B. facial hair growth C. testosterone production D. sperm production A
41.1 which of the following is the layer of skin that forms a protective, waterproof barrier? A. dermis B. sudoriferous C. sebaceous D. epidermis D
41.2 which of the following best describes the function of melanocytes? A. secretion of substances like minerals and alcohol B. production of melanin C. absorption of vitamin D D. sensing the environment B
41.3 which of the following layers of the skin contains hair follicles? A. dermis B. sudoriferous C. sebaceous D. epidermis A
41.4 which of the following layers of the skin contains a layer of dead cells? A. dermis B. hyodermis C. sudoriferous D. epidermis D
42.1 which of the following best describes the kind of message sent in the endocrine system? A. electrical signals between axons B. chemical signals that travel through the blood stream C. physical sensory signals received through the integumentary system. D. audiovisual signals processed through the brain. B
42.2 which of the following structures secretes releasing hormones? A. hypothalamus B. pituitary C. pancreas D. liver A
42.3 Which of the following is a function of the pineal gland? A. releasing growth hormone B. releasing melatonin C. releasing insulin and glucagon D. releasing luteinizing hormone B
42.4 which of the following glands releases epinephrine during stress?. A. hypothalamus B. adrenal glands C. pancreas D. pituitary gland B
43.1 which of the following parts of the male genitourinary system also transports sperm? A. ureter B. urethra C. uterus D. urinary bladder B
43.2 which of the following waste products from digestion does the kidney remove? A. nitrogen B. Sodium Chloride C. protein D. carbon A
43.3 which of the following best describes the outcome if the kidneys stopped functioning? A. blood would increase its carbon dioxide contrcentration B. blood would fill with waste and the human body would not be able to maintain homeostasis C. the kidneys would fill with urine D. the frequency in which a human excretes urine would increase B
43.4 Which of the following structures is the functional unit of the kidney?. A. renal capillaries B. glomerulus C. nephron D. cortex C
44.1 which of the following helps to prevent pathogens from invading the body? A. histamines B. mucus C. t cells D. macrophages B
44.2 a bacteria cell enters the body through a cut in the skin. which of the following describes the immune response that would occur next? A: cytotoxic t cells form B. histamines are released C. antigens are released D. helper t cells are activated B
44.3 Which of the following types of cells produce antibodies A. t cells B. plasma cells C. memory cells D. macrophages B
44.4 which of the following best describes the purpose of a vaccine? A. to produce extra inflammatory responses such as the release of histamines B. to practice passive immunity C. to produce antibodies in case of future infection D. to increase macrophage production C
45.1 which of the following breaks down bone material? A. osteoclasts B. osteoblasts C. canaliculi D. osteocytes A
45.2 which of the following is considered a short bone? A. skull bone B. radius and ulna C. carpals and tarsals D. humerus and scapula C
45.3 which of the following best describes the purpose of hyaline cartilage in the skeletal system? it forms the matrix of a bone B. it develops into osteocytes C. it strengthens the entire skeletal system D. it reduces friction at joints D
45.4 which of the following best explains the cause of osteoporosis? A. pathogens eat away at bone tissue B. ligaments degrade, causing joints to malfunction. C. osteoclasts break down bone faster than osteoblasts deposit minerals D. osteroclasts break down bone slower than osteoblasts build them up. C
Q1. Which of the following cell structures contain cristae? A. DNA B. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum C. mitochondria D. Peroxisomes C
Q2 Which of the following terms is used to describe the amount of air in a normal inhalation or exhalation? A. perfusion B. Tidal volume C. venilation D. Residual volume B
Q3 Which of the following blood vessels carries deoxygenated blood from the heart of the lungs? A. pulmonary vein B. Pulmonary artery C. Aorta D. vena cava B
Q4 Which of following terms refers to the partially digested food leaving the stomach? A. chyme B. pepsin C. Bolus D. lactase A
Q5. in which of the following actions is the autonomic nervous system engaged? A. lifting weights B. holding your breath C. walking D. digestion D
Q6. Which of the following is classified as a carbohydrate?. A. DNA B. endorphin C. glycogen D. amylase C
Q11. Which of the following describes the function of the plasma membrane? A. it provides energy to the cell B. it helps to builds proteins C. it maintains the cells internal environment D. it produces adenosine triphosphate (ATP) for cells C
Q14. which structure connects the throat to the lungs? A. alveoli B. trachea C. bronchi D. surfactant B
Q15 where does blood flow next after being oxygenated in the lungs? A. pulmonary artery B. pulmonary vein C. inferior vena cava D. aorta B
Q16 which type cell helps protect against disease? A. hemoglobin B. stem C. Erythrocyte D. Leukocyte D
Q17 what is the name of the structure that releases an enzyme that breaks down starch in the mouth? A. salivary gland B. pancreas C. Liver D. Gallbladder A
Q18 molecules are broken down into smaller pieces by the churning of muscles in the stomach. which of the following is this an example of? A. mechanical digestion B. chemical digestion C. Enzymatic digestion D. peristalsis A
Q19 which type of tissue would you find in the heart? A. skeletal muscles B. striated muscles C. smooth muscles D. cardiac muscles D
Q20. what proteins are responsible for the contraction of a muscle? A. actin and myosin B. synapse and axon C. pepsin and trypsin D. testosterone and estrogen A
q21. which structure is where female gametes are produced? A. cervix B. ovary C. fallopian tube D. uterus B
Q23 what is the name for the hormone responsible for male secondary sex characteristics? A. Luteinizing hormone B. estrogen C. testosterone D. Follicle-stimulating horome C
Q24 a cut reaches the sebaceous glands and hair follicles. this cut has reached which layer(s) of the skin? A. epidermis only B. epidermis and dermis C. hypodermis and dermis D. hypodermis and epidermis B
Q25 which of the following would result from a decrease in body temperature? A: blood vessels near the surface of the body would dilate B. blood vessels near the surface of the body would constrict C. sebaceous glands would excrete water D. cheeks would become more flush. B
Q26 which of the following is where melanocytes are found? A. epidermis B. dermis C. hypodermis D. sebaceous glands A
Q27 Which of the following parts of the endocrine system can be found in the brain? A. hypothalamus B. parathyroid C. adrenal D. pancreas A
q28 which of the following is a result of the adrenal gland releasing epinephrine into the blood? A. weight gain B. increased muscle growth C. breakdown of glycogen D. increase in heart rate D
q29 which of the following structures releases insulin and glucagon? A. adrenal B. hypothalamus C. pancreas D. pituitary C
q30 which of the following structures stores waste before it is released from the body? A. kidney B. urethra C. Ureters D. urinary bladder D
q31 which of the following substances describes the fluid the contains urea, water, and salts that is released through the urethra? A. urine B. filtrate C. blood D. nephron A
q32 which of the following parts of genitourinary system regulates blood pressure? A. ureter B. renin C. bladder sphincters D. heart B
q33 which of the following is a nonspecific barrier of the immune system? A. mucus B. antibodies C. interferons D. b cells A
Q34 which of the following diseases is caused by a virus that infects t cells? A. allergies B. asthma C. autoimmune D. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) D
q35 in which of the following body structures are white blood cells produced? A. muscle B. bone C. glands D. skin B
Q36 which of the following functions is an example of how the skeletal and neuromuscular system work together? A. body movement B. organ protection C. pathogen protection D. calcium storage A
q37 which of the following is an example of a long bone?. A. tibia B. rib C. skull D. pelvis A
Q1 A person is suddenly frightened. Which of the following reactions occurs next? A. Liver cells absorb glucose from the blood stream. B. blood vessels supplying skeletal muscles constrict. C. Blood vessels supplying the intestines. D. live cells release glucose into the blood stream. D
Q2 Which is positive feedback? A. Oxytocin causes an increase in uterine muscle contractions causin pituitary to release more oxytocin B. increase in blood glucose causes the releases of insulin results in the lowerin of glucose levels in the blood & haltin release of insulin C. drop in body temp causes the hypothalamus to activate warming mech results in the increase of body temp D. increase in blood osmolarity causes the release of ADH causes urine to become more concentrated & osmolarity to decrease A
Q3 Demyelinization results in which the following? A. inhibited detection of a stimulus at the dendrites of nerve cell B. Disrupted propagation of action potential along the axon of a nerve cell C. Inhibited uptake of neurotransmitters at the synapse of a nerve cell D. Disrupted ability of he Na+/K+ pumps to depolarize a cell B
Q4 The nephridium in worms has function most similar to which of the following organs in humans? A liver B. Spleen C. Lymph nodes D. kidney D
Q5 Which of the following cell types is responsible for the production of soluble antibodies? A. cytotoxic t cell B. macrophage cell C. helper T-cell D. B-cell D
Q6 Which of the following organ systems is responsible for transporting nutrients, wastes, and other substances throughout the human body? A. respiratory B. immune C. nervous D. circulatory D
Q7 Which of the following characteristic of the human organism? A. autotropic with a genome stored in DNA B. heterotrophic with a genome stored in DNA C. Autotrophic with a genome stored in RNA D. Heterotrophic with a genome stored in RNA B
Q8 which of the following is the function of the lymph nodes in mammals? A. pump oxygen into tissue spaces B. store extra glucose for emergencies C. synthesize hemoglobin for erythrocytes D. filter debris from intracellular spaces. D
Q9 The bands in muscle sarcomere are formed by actin and which of the following other proteins? A. myosin B. dynein C. keratin D. Laminin A
Q10 which of the following structures within a human cells responsible for recycling the materials no longer functional or needed within the cell? A. ribosome B. lysosome C. Mitochondrion D. Nucleolus B
Q12 In which of the following areas does protein breakdown begin in the human body? A. mouth B. stomach C. small intestine D. large intestine B
Q13 which of the following chemical compounds prevents the lungs from collapsing? A. mucus B. surfactant C. Enzymes D. Buffers B
Q14 Which of these structures diverts food into the esophagus, and prevents it from entering the lungs? A. Uvula B. Soft palate C. Tonsils D. Epiglottis D
Q15 Which of these terms related to the respiratory system refers to the "voice box" for sound production? A. pharynx B. Trachea C. Larynx D. Uvula C
Q16 Unlike skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle is highly resistant to lactate-mediated fatigue because cardiac muscle A. uses aerobic respiration in mitochondria for energy. B. operates with electrical energy supplied by the sinoatrial (SA) node. C. primarily metabolizes glucose using the fermentation pathway D. does not need oxygen for the production of energy. A
Q17 Which of the following arteries directly supplies oxygenated blood to the reproductive system? A. common carotid artery B. gonadal artery C. Femoral artery D. subclavian artery B
Q19 Which of the following produces progesterone to prepare the uterus for pregnancy? A. endometrium B. cervix C. corpus luteum D. Fallopian tubes C
Q20 Which of the following cell types provides a waterproofing function for the outer layer of skin? A. melanocytes B. keratinocytes C. merkel cells D. Langerhans cells B
Q21 Stores of subcutaneous fat can be found in which of the following layers of the skin in the human body? A. Epidermis B. Dermis C. Hypodermis D. Dermal papillae C
Q22 Which of the following glands primarily supplies hair shafts and skin with oily secretions? A. Eccrine gland B. Apocrine gland C. Sebaceous gland D. Ceruminous gland C
Q23 Which of the following glands is the primary producer of insulin? A. thyroid B. adrenal C. pituitary D. pancreas D
Q24 Type l diabetes is a disease associated with which of the following hormones? A. Estrogen B. Insulin C. Testosterone D. Thyroxine B
Q25. Which of the following connects the kidneys to bladder? A. capillaries B. ureters C. urethras D. Arteries B
Q26. Which of the following organs is the site of blood filtration? A. Kidney B. heart C. Lung D. Brain A
Q27. Kidneys remove which of the following from the blood? A. platelets B. Salts C. Oxygen D. fat B
Q28. In which part of the body do T-cells mature? A. Bone marrow B. Thymus C. Adrenal glands D. Thyroid B
Q29 Which of the following is classified as a flat bone? A. Tarsal B. Vertebrae C. Rib D. Humerus C
Q30. Which of the following connects two bones together? A. ligament B. Tendon C. Marrow D. Muscle A
Q31. Which of the following are sesamoid bones? A. phalanges C. Patellae C. Scapulae D. Metatarsals B
Q32. The shape of villi and microvilli facilitates which of the following? A. pushing food along the intestine via ciliary motion of villi B. Creating barriers to food movement to increase digestion time C. Decreasing surface area for absorption D. Increasing surface area for absorption D
1. which of the following is a vitamin that a person's body synthesizes? A. vitamin E B. Vitamin C C. Vitamin A D. Vitamin D D
2. trypsinogen is one enzyme that the pancreas secretes, and is then converted to trypsin by other enzyme, ___, within a persons duodenum? A. hydrochloric acid B. pepsin C. protesase D. enterokinase D
3. __ is/are responsible for the production of the follicle-stimulating hormone, which enable ovary follicles to mature? A. the ovaries B. the corpus luteum C. the pituitary glands posterior lobe D. the pituitary glands anterior lobe D
6. which of the following constitutes a fat molecule? A. a single carbon, a ingle hydrogen, and a single oxygen molecule B. 3 fatty acid molecules and a single glycerol molecule C. a single molecule of glycerol and 3 molecules of stearic acid D. 3 glycerol molecules and a single fatty acid molecule B
11. the bones known as phalanges are found in the ___? A. fingers and toes B. fingers C. ears D. skull A
12. the human joints known as ball and sockets? A. bi-axial; they are mobile and allow movement within 2 different planes B. uni-axial; they are mobile and allow movement within 1 axis and 1 plane C. uni-axial; they are greatly mobile and allow rotation, where movement is around one central axis D. multi-axial; they are greatly mobile and allow movement within several axes as well as planes D
13. a ball and socket, hinge, pivot, and plane all can be described as A. all these joints are synovial B. apart from synovial ball and socket all the others are fibrous joints C. while the ball and socket and the pivot are synovial, the plane and hinge are cartilaginous joints D. all these joints are cartilaginous A
14. which of the following are features of cardiac muscles? A. striated and involuntary with no intercalated disc B. striated and voluntary with intercalated disc C. striated and involuntary with intercalated discs D. unstriated and involuntary with intercalated discs C
15. the function of a persons hepatic portal vein is to carry blood that is __ and __ from his/her __ to his/her __? A. deoxygentated, nutrient-filled, liver, stomach B. deoxygenated, nutrient-lacking, liver, intestines C. deoxygenated, nutrient filled, intestines, liver D. oxygenated, nutrient-filled, intestines, liver C
18. which of the organs listed below cannot be considered lymphoid?' A. liver B. spleen C. tonsils D. thymus A
37. if tom is lying on his belly, his poistion is __? A. lateral B. posterior C. prone D. supine C
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