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CH 6

bi cameral a legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
census a population count taken by the Census Bureau
constituent a person from a legislator's district
gerrymander an oddly shaped election district designed to increase the voting strength of a particular group
majority party in both the House of Representatives and the Senate, the political party to which more than half the members belong
minority party in both the House of Representatives and the Senate, the political party to which fewer than half the members belong
standing committee permanent committee that continues to work from session to session in its Congress
seniority years of service, which is used as a consideration for assigning committee members
expressed powers powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the Constitution
implied powers powers that Congress has that are not stated explicitly in the Constitution
elastic cause clause in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution that gives Congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out its expressed powers
impeach to accuse government officials of misconduct in office
writ of habeas corpus a court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person
bill of attainder a law that punishes a person accused pf a crime without a trail or a fair hearing in court
ex post facto law a law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed
franking privilege the right of senators and representatives to send job-related mail without paying postage
lobbyist representative of an interest group who contacts lawmaker or other government officials directly to influence their policy making
casework the work that a lawmaker does to help constituents with a problem
pork-barrel project government project grant that primarily benefits the home district or state
joint resolution a resolution that is passed by both houses of Congress
special-interest group an organization of people with some common interest who try to influence government decisions
fillibuster a tactic for defeating a bill in the Senate by talking until the bill's sponsor withdraws it
cloture a procedure used in the Senate to limit debate on a bill
voice vote a voting method in which those in favor say Yea and those against say No
standing vote in Congress, when members stand to be counted for a vote on a bill
roll-call vote a voting method in the Senate in which the members voice their votes in turn
veto refusal to sign a bill or resolution
pocket veto president's power to kill a bill, if Congress is not in session, by not signing it for 10 days
Created by: nicholasbrown