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SS 5th #1 Test

Contiguous Next to one another
Region an area which many features are similar
Relative location the position of one place compared to other places.
How are states in a region similar? Similar kinds of land, jobs, history and culture.
Continents Land masses - there are 7 total
Population Number of people
How are United States, Mexico and Canada similar? They are all part of the same continent, North America.
How are the 50 states similar? They are all part of a region. 48 of them are contiguous.
Lines that run east and west: Lines of Latitude / Parallels
Why does our country have regions? To make it easier to talk about different areas of the country.
What are two ways to order the size of a country? Land area and population
Order North America small to large: Land Area Mexico, US, Canada - Land Area = MUC
Order North America small to large: Population Canada, Mexico, US - Pop - CMU
Lines that run north and south: Lines of Longitude / Meridians
Absolute location Exact Location
Landform Region a region with similar landforms
Climate kind of weather a place has over a long time
Mountain range group of connected mountains
Prairie an area of flat or rolling land covered by mostly grass
Erosion gradual wearing away of the Earth's surface
Environment surroundings in which people, plants and animals live
Why is the country divided into landform regions? It makes it easier to compare and contrast different parts of the country.
What makes landform regions in U. S. different? Shape and the way they came to be
Coastal Plain flat, low land along the Atlantic Ocean
What wore down peaks of Appalachian mountains? glaciers, wind and rain
How are mountains different than coastal plains? They have different elevations.
Great Basin low, bowl-shaped land with higher land all around it. Includes Nevada and parts of 5 neighbor states.
How do Rocky Mountains differ from Intermountain Region? Elevation
How is Pacific Coast different than Atlantic Coast? Pacific has very little flat land.
Name 3 ranges in the West Sierra Nevada, Cascade Range, Coast Range
Name 3 valleys in the West Central Valley, Puget Sound lowland, Willamette Valley
Where are Appalachian Mountains located? Begin in New Jersey and extend down to Alabama.
Inlet any area of water extending into the land from a larger body of water
Gulfs the largest type of inlets.
Sound a long inlet that separates offshore islands
Tributary a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river.
River System a river and its tributaries and drains or carries water away
Fall Line a place where the land drops sharply
Drainage Basin land drained by a river system
What is difference between a river and a river system? A river is one river, a river system is multiple rivers.
How do rivers east and west of the Continental divide differ? Rivers east flow into Atlantic Ocean and rivers west flow into Pacific Ocean.
What are the largest lakes in the U.S.? The Great Lakes
Which countries do the Great Lakes border? Unites States and Canada
What is the largest river system? Mississippi River and its triburaries
Elevation the height of the land in relation to sea level
Natural Vegetation plant life that grows naturally in a place
Arid a dry climate
Tundra a cold dry region where trees cannot grow
What FOUR main VEGETATION regions cover United States? Forest, grassland, desert and tundra
THREE factors that affect the climate? Elevation, bodies of water and distance to the equator
Land Use how the land is used
Renewable resources resources that can be made again by people or nature
Nonrenewable resources resources that cannot be made again by people or would take 1000's of years for nature to replace
Modify to change the land
Irrigation the use of canals, ditches or pipes to move water
Efficiency using less energy to do the same tasks
Factors that encourage settlement: Climate, soil, water and landforms
How is land used? Farming, mining, building
Natural resource Something found in nature that people can use
Nonrenewable resources EXAMPLES Ore, minerals, oil and gas
Renewable resources EXAMPLES Light, wind, trees and water
Created by: bordenbrood



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