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WWI (6th grade)

TermDefinition
militarism the aggressive strengthening of armed forces
mobilize preparing a country's military for war
Central Powers the alliance between Austria-Hungary and Germany during WWI
Allied Powers France, Russia, and Britain during WWI
trench warfare defending a position by fighting from the protection of deep ditches
stalemate a situation in which neither side can win a decisive victory
U-boats submarines that launched torpedoes against Allied supply ships, causing heavy loss, and even neutral ships that they thought were helping the Allies
Lusitania a British passenger liner, sunk by a German U-boat in 1915. About 1,200 people were killed, including 128 Americans.
Zimmerman Note This secret telegram to Mexico sent by the German foreign minister, Arthur Zimmerman, proposing alliance against the US. Outraged Americans and led US to join the war.
Selective Service Act in 1917, this act required men between the ages of 21 and 30 to register to be drafted.
Liberty Bonds the sale of these war bonds provided billions of dollars in loans to the Allies.
American Expeditionary Force French and British generals called for immediate help on the front lines and wanted U.S. troops to join French and British units.
Communists people who favor the equal distribution of wealth and the end of all forms of private property.
League of Nations an international assembly of nations that was the final of Wilson's fourteen points
Treaty of Versailles the peace settlement of WWI which made Germany pay for war damages
Germany last nation to surrender to Allied Forces in 1918
Selective Service Act passed in 1917 and required men between the ages of 21-30 to register to be drafted
convoy system helped the Allies by allowing destroyers to escort and protect groups of Allied merchant ships.
flu epidemic a deadly post-war disease that killed more people than died in the war; killed 800,000 Americans
labor shortage New England factories employed women as people from South and West during WWI due to this
Trigger for WWI killing of Austria-Hungary's Archduke Francis-Ferdinand by Serbian nationalists
Fourteen points Wilson's list of proposals for postwar peace
nationalism people with shared language/culture wanted to unite, which led to instability in Europe
American Expeditionary Force U.S. troops fighting in Europe during WWI, under command of General Pershing
Armistice truce that ended active warfare and paved the way for a peace treaty
Henry Cabot Lodge Republican leader in the US Senate who fought against ratifying the Treaty of Versailles without changes to League of Nations
imperialism a country's desire to expand to new territories to build an empire
alliances the formation of these caused rifts to form between large groups of countries; a local conflict could easily result into a global one
Causes of WWI Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism, and Alliances
reparations payment of $33 billion for war damages that Germany was forced to pay
casualties of WWI more than 8+ million soldiers died and more than 20+ million were wounded
new war technology machine guns, artillery guns, poison gas, tanks, airplanes
National War Labor Board agency formed in 1918 to help settle labor disputes and avoid strikes during the war
Created by: mbcamom