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Texas Government

TermDefinition
Political Party a voting group with a set of beliefs on how to run a country
Democratic Party one of the two main U.S. political parties, which is mostly liberal and tends to support social changes and minority rights
Republican Party one of the two main U.S. political parties, which is mostly conservative and tends to support limiting the federal government’s power
Constitution basic principles, laws, and organization of a government
Amendment formal change or addition to a constitution
Ratify to approve
Veto to reject
Bicameral made up of two houses
Absolute Monarchy Type of government where a royal family rules with total power and control
Constitutional Monarchy Type of government where a royal family rules, but their power is limited by the constitution
Representative Democracy Type of government where the citizens rule through elected representatives
Direct Democracy Type of government where citizens rule by voting on every decision for the country
Oligarchy Type of government where a small group of powerful, wealthy people rule the country
Dictatorship Type of government where one powerful leader who has seized control rules the country alone
Limited Government Principle of government that says the power of the government is restricted
Popular Sovereignty Principle of government that says the people have the power to vote
Federalism Principle of government that says power is divided between the state and federal government
Separation of Powers Principle of government that says the 3 branches of government have their own jobs/duties
Republicanism Principle of government that allows citizens to elect representatives
Individual Rights Principle of government that protects the rights of the citizens (EX: Bill of Rights)
Checks and Balances Principle of government that makes sure each branch of government does not become too powerful
Executive Branch Branch of government that enforces laws
Legislative Branch Branch of government that makes laws
Judicial Branch Branch of government that judges laws by making sure they are constitutional
Governor Executive leader for the State level of government
Sheriff Executive leader for the County level of government
Mayor Executive leader for the Municipal level of government
State Level Level of government that enforces laws, makes the state budget, controls education, and more
County Level Level of government that registers voters, investigates crimes, protects police, and more
Municipal Level Level of government that controls libraries, parks, tax collection, and more
Created by: mackenzie_fowler