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Ch 3

constitution written plan for government
bicameral two houses of legislature
confederation group of individual states that band together for a common purpose
ratify approved by congress
Constitutional Convention meeting of state delegates in 1787 leading to the adoption of new constitution
Great Compromise agreement providing a dual system of congressional representation
Three-Fifths Compromise out of every 5 slaves 3 would be counted as free men
Electoral College a group of people named by each legislature to select the president and vice president
Federalists supporters of federalism
federalism a form of government in which power is divided between federal and state
Anti-Federalists those who opposed the new constitution
Preamble the introduction and first part of the consitution
legislative branch lawmaking authority
executive branch law-enforcing branch
judicial branch interprets laws and sees them fairly applied
amendment change to the constitution
popular sovereignty idea that power of government lies with the people
rule of law principle that law applies to everyone
seperation of powers division of authority
checks and balances system where each branch is able to check the powers of others
expressed powers powers specifically granted to the government
reserved powers powers not given to the federal government and reserved for the states
concurrent powers powers that both levels of government can exercise
Created by: nicholasbrown