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The Gilded Age

QuestionAnswer
Between 1865 and 1900, A time that seemed to be a golden age, but was full of corruption The Gilded Age
The Scottish Immigrant who became a Robber Baron owner of the US Steel Corporation, and later became a Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
He became the richest man in the world by controlling the oil industry in America. John D. Rockefeller
He was banking Robber Baron who became so rich, he lent money to the government. J.P. Morgan
He was the Robber Baron who controlled the Railroads. Cornelius Vanderbilt
Reasons why a person would leave a place. Push Factors
Reasons why a person would move to a place. Pull Factors
Living in the country. Rural
Living in the city. Urban
Movement of people from the country to the city. Urbanization
Businessmen known for their positive contribution to modern industry. Captains of Industry
This is what Vanderbilt, Rockefeller, Morgan, and Carnegie were known as due to their ruthless business tactics to control an industry. Robber Barons
When a wealthy person donates money to society. Philanthropy
Theory that the rich were obligated to help communities by giving back in the form of libraries, schools, etc, but not giving to individuals - written by Andrew Carnegie Gospel of Wealth
When one corporation controls an entire industry with no competition. Monopoly
A big business that is recognized as a separate "person", people buy shares of this company, making them part owners. Corporation
Connected the East US with the West US and created a national market Transcontinental Railroad
The government policy of letting businesses do what they want with no government interference - "Hands Off" Laissez Faire
When a person moves from one place to another, usually within a country. Migration
When a person moves from one country to another, they can be legal or illegal. Immigration
A new way of producing steel cheaply. Bessemer Process
When someone becomes more like Americans. Assimilation
Belief that the rich were rich because they were superior human beings. Social Darwinism
Prohibited unfair practices by railroads, such as charging higher rates for shorter trips. Interstate Commerce Act
Ethnic neighborhood in the city where immigrants lived near others with the same nationality. Ghetto
Someone who hates immigrants. Nativist
The man who invented the lightbulb. Thomas Edison
The man who invented the telephone. Alexander Graham Bell
The man who created the first labor union. Samuel Gompers
These were the first labor unions. AFL/Knights of Labor
This was passed to automatically make all Native Americans citizens of the United States. American Indian Citizenship Act
Gave Native Americans land & citizenship and the right to vote if they would become farmers. Also tried to destroy their culture. Dawes Act
Gave people 160 acres on the frontier, if they would live on it and develop it . Homestead Act
Basic structures & facilities (i.e. buildings, roads, etc.) Political Machines often took care of these. Infrastructure
Worked long hours for low pay at a young age. Child Labor
Powerful politicians who gave support in exchange for votes. Political Machines
The most famous Political Machine, located in New York. Tammany Hall
He was the most famous Political Boss. Boss Tweed
Put into law in 1882 - restricted immigration from China. Chinese Exclusion Act
Names of people who caused trouble and shouldn't be hired. Blacklist
When workers refuse to work until their demands are met. Strike
This made monopolies illegal. Sherman Antitrust Act
Created by: Tiabrown2