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Vocabulary Words

Western Expansion geopolitical

TermDefinition
Bessemer Process A method or a process of creating steel, which is used for creating infrastructure such as skyscrapers, bridges and railroads.
Transcontinental Railroad A railroad system that connects the East and West Coast of the United States of America, completed in 1869.
Great Plains A geographic region in the central area of the North American continent that is mostly grassland and prairies, which is ideal for ranching.
American Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 The American Indian Citizenship Act made all Native Americans born in the USA official citizens of the United States of America.
Alexander Graham Bell Invented the telephone
Thomas Edison Invented effective lightbulb
Reservations Reservations are land that the government has given to Native Americans
Frontier A frontier is a "border" between an established civilized society and nature.
Klondike Gold Rush of 1896 In the town of Klondike, Alaska, there was a gold rush that attracted many gold-miners despite the dangerous climate.
Homestead Act of 1862 President Abraham Lincoln signed this act before his assassination, which gave 160 acres of land to anyone who could create a living off of it within 5 years. Over 140,000 acres were given because of this act.
Dawes Act This act gave land to Native Americans, however it was not their tribal lands. Most Natives sold their land and become more dispersed.
Indian Wars The Indian Wars refers to era of western expansion, which often resulted in conflicts between the USA and indigenous people.
Transcontinental Railroad The First Transcontinental Railroad was a 1,912-mile continuous railroad line constructed between 1863 and 1869 that connected the existing eastern U.S. rail network to the Pacific coast.
Barbed wire A type of fencing invented during the 19th century, used to keep cattle(cows) from wondering off onto other farms
Custers Last Stand USA military leader, George Custer, led troops into the Dakota region in order to chase off the Native Americans. The Native Americans fought back, leading to the deaths of several women, children, and Custer himself.
Map quiz: expansion Click the link to use the map quiz to see how the USA expanded geographically:
Created by: missgWHS
 

 



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