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Gilded Age

A period after the civil war

TermDefinition
Standard Oil Company American oil producing, transporting, refining, marketing company, and monopoly. Created by John Rockefeller in 1870.
Monopoly When only one entity exists to supply a certain commodity.
Trust An organizational structure that gives control over several business firms, usually in the same industry, to a single board of trustees with the purpose of monopolizing a market.
Social Darwinism The theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals.
Nativism The policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants.
Old Immigration Arrived in the mid 1800s, coming mostly from northwestern Europe, while the new immigrants arrived a generation later, traveling mostly from southeastern Europe.
New Immigration Arrived in the late 1800s, most are Russian, Irish,or Romania
Labor Unions An organized association of workers, often in a trade or profession, formed to protect and further their rights and interests.
Haymarket On May 4, 1886, a labor protest rally near Chicago’s Haymarket Square turned into a riot after someone threw a bomb at police.
Ellis Island Ellis Island is located in the upper bay just off the New Jersey coast, within the shadow of the Statue of Liberty. Where immigrants get dropped off
Statue of Liberty The Statue of Liberty is a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in New York Harbor in New York, in the United States.
Tenements Tenements were low-rise apartment buildings that often were overcrowded and had inadequate plumbing and ventilation.
Cholera A bacterial disease causing severe diarrhea and dehydration, usually spread in water.
Political Machines A political machine is a political group in which an authoritative boss or small group commands the support of a corps of supporters and businesses, who receive rewards for their efforts.
Chinese Exclusion Act This directive banned the immigration of all Chinese peoples into the United States and called for a one-year prison sentence and $500 fine for any person attempting to smuggle Chinese laborers into the country.
Created by: madelynroyalty