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Plato and Machiavell
|Which political system was in place at the time of Plato's writing?
|Who was Plato's tutor?
|What three kinds of desires did Plato believe a person is governed by?
|Appetite, Spirit, and Reason
|Which is the most important desire that a person is governed by?
|What is the desire for appetite described as?
|Food, drink, other worldly desires
|What is the desire for spirit described as?
|Determination, drive for success
|What is the desire for reason described as?
|What types of people are governed by appetite?
|Farmers and merchants
|What types of people are governed by spirit?
|What types of people are governed by reason?
|What was Plato's book called?
|What did Plato suggest should happen to avoid the Philosopher Kings governing in their own interests?
|Ensure that they have no interests by making them live in a semi-communist society with no houses, family, or property
|Truth plays an important role in Plato's philosophy according to the video. Why? (2 reasons)
|1. His government is true because the philosopher king is true everyone else is wrong 2. The philosopher king is the only one with the ability to find and distinguish truth.
|Where is Plato from?
|Where was Machiavelli born?
|When was Machiavelli born?
|How old was Machiavelli when he became second Chancellor to the Republic of Florence?
|Why did Machiavelli lose his position as Second Chancellor to the Republic of France?
|He was indicted in a plot to overthrow the Medici family
|What does a person who is governed by spirit have/believe in?
|Honor; sense of duty
|What were the "Advice books?"
|Recommended how princes should govern
|What was Machiavelli's book?
|How did "The Prince" differ from other advice books?
|Discouraged Christian virtues
|Why did Machiavelli believe princes should not keep Christian virtues?
|They would become predictable and could essentially have no threats
|What should princes do to attract fortune?
|Protect themselves from fortune; not expect fortune; treat it roughly
|What is virtu?
|Doing what needs to be done based on each situation
|What is virtues?
|Qualities that apply/ are applied in every situation
|Why was history important to Machiavelli?
|Storehouse of examples
|How is it linked to glory?
|If a Prince produced a glorious state, he would be one of the examples.