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Core Concepts 1

geography the study of the human & nonhuman features of Earth, our home
cardinal directions north, east, south, west
sphere round shaped body
latitude the distance north or south of the equator measured in degrees
degrees units that measure angles
hemisphere one half of the Earth
longitude distance east or west of the Prime Meridian measured in degrees
absolute location exact position on Earth in terms of latitude and longitude
relative location location of a place relative to another place
place the mix of human and nonhuman features at a given location
region an area with at least one unifying physical or human feature, such as climate, landforms, population, or history
movement explores how people, goods, and ideas get from one place to another
human environment interaction how people affect their environment and how their environment affects them
scale area a given space on the map corresponds to in the real world
aerial photographs photographic images of Earth's surface taken from the air
satellite images pictures of Earth's surface taken from a satellite
geographic information systems computer based systems that store and use information linked to geographic locations
distortion loss of accuracy in the size or position of objects on a map
projections ways to map Earth on a flat surface
key explains the symbols and shading on a map
locator map section of a map that shows a larger area than the main map
scale bar shows how much space on the map represents a given distance on the land
compass rose diagram of a compass showing directions
physical map map that shows physical natural features
elevation height above sea level on the map
political map shows political units, such as countries or states
special purpose map show the location or distribution of human or physical features
Created by: jprevost5



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