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history chapter 1

TermDefinition
nomadic having no fixed home, moving from place to place according to seasons and availability of food and water.
Olmec a Native American people whose civilization flourished in what is now southern Mexico in the period 1200-400 B.C.
Maya a Native American people whose civilization flourished in Guatemala and Yucatan Peninsula between about A.D. 250 and 900
Aztec a Native American people that settled in the valley of Mexico in the 1200's A.D. later developed a powerful empire.
Inca a Native American people that around A.D. 1400 created an empire reaching nearly 2,500 miles along the west coast of South America.
Adena a mound builder society that was centered in the Ohio River Valley and flourished from about 700 B.C. to A.D. 100
Hopewell a mound builder society that was centered in the Ohio River Valley and flourished from about 200 B.C. to A.D. 400
Pueblo a group of Native American peoples descendants of the Anasazi inhabiting the deserts of the south west.
Iroquois a group of Native American peoples inhabiting the woodlands of the northeast.
kinship the ties between members of a family
division of labor the assignment of different tasks and responsibilities to different groups of individuals.
IslamThe transfer beginning a religion founded in Arabia in A.D. 622 by the prophet Muhammad; It's believers are called Muslims
plantation a large farm on which the labor of slaves or other workers is used to grow a single crop, such as sugar cane or cotton
lineage a group of people descended from a common ancestor
Renaissance a period of European history, lasting from about 1400 to 1600, during which renewed interest in classical culture led to far-reaching changes in art, learning and views of the world.
hierarchy a social ordering by rank of class
nuclear family a household
Crusades a series of christian military expeditions to the Middle East between A.D. 1096 and 1270, intended to drive the Muslims from the Holy Land.
Reformation a religious movement in 16th century Europe growing out of desire for reform in the Roman Catholic church and leading to the establishment of various Protestant churches.
Christopher Columbus p. 26 1. He was a sailor 2. He found America
colonization the establishment of outlying settlements by a parent country
Columbian Exchange The transfer beginning with Columbus's first voyage of plants, animals, and diseased between the Western Hemisphere and the Eastern Hemisphere
Treaty of Tordesillas the 1494 Treaty in which Spain and Portugal agreed to divide the lands of Western Hemisphere between them.
Created by: _kenzie_