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Mesopotamia Unit

Study cards for Mesopotamia unit test

Abraham Known as the father of Judaism
Moses Prophet who led the Israelites out of slavery in Eygpt
Hammurabi King of the Babylonian empire, creator of the Code of Hammurabi,one of the world's oldest codes of law
Solomon He was the son of King David and he built a great temple in Jerusalem
Cuneiform A system of writing that used wedge-shaped symbols to represent sounds,ideas and objects; developed in ancient Sumer
Plateau an area of flat land that rises above the surrounding land
Famine a widespread lack of food resulting in starvation and hunger
Polytheism The belief in many god's and goddesses
Monotheism belief in one god
Drought a long period of of dry weather
Ziggurat a large temple located in the centers of ancient Sumerian cities, a temple made of mud & brick
City-state a self-governing city, often with surrounding lands and villages
Judaism the religion of the Jewish people
Diaspora The scattering of Jews to many parts of the world
Irrigation the watering of dry land by means of canals or pipes
Torah the first five books of the Hebrew Bible containing the laws and teachings of Judaism
Ten Commandments the core beliefs of the Jewish religion
Iraq The modern-day country where Mesopotamia was located
One reason it's called "Fertile Crescent" Shaped like a quarter moon
Tigris & Euphrates The 2 rivers Mesopotamia was located between
Mesopotamia The Greek word for "between the rivers"
Code of Hammurabi The first written laws.
"Eye for Eye" justice Whatever you do wrong to someone will be your punishment. (ex. cause someone to loose and eye, you will have your eye removed
Monotheism (belief in one God The MAIN difference between Judaism and other religions back then.
2nd reason it is called "The Fertile Crescent"? The Fertile land is due to the rivers and the silt left behind after the river floods
Created by: 1397919443