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AMH 0.4 Union crisis

TerDefinition
The Wilmot Proviso ban on slavery from any US territory gained from mexico as a result of war
Free Soil Party Northern opponents of slavery formed this to prevent the expansion of slavery to the west
Compromise of 1850 California admitted as a free state, but other mexico acquired territory, voters decided the slavery issue themselves
popular sovereignty the right of the people living in a newly organized territory to decide by vote of their territorial legislature whether or not slavery would be permitted there
fugitive slave act A law passed as part of the Compromise of 1850, which provided southern slaveholders with legal weapons to capture slaves who had escaped to the free state
Harriet Beecher Stowe American author. She was best known for Uncle Tom's Cabin, which helped the abolitionist cause and contributed to the outbreak of the Civil War
Kansas Nebraska act divided the Nebraska territory into Kansas and Nebraska, and voters in each territory would decide on slavery by the voters
John Brown NY abolitionist radical abolitionist who believed in the violent overthrow of the slavery system. Only a small amount of slaves joined
Dred Scott v. Sandford 1857 Supreme Court decision that stated that slaves were not citizens; that living in a free state or territory, even for many years, did not free slaves; and declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional.
Roger Taney Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who wrote an opinion in the 1857 Dred Scott case that declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional.
Abraham Lincoln self educated lawyer in Illinois, opposed Kansas Nebraska act. He opposed Douglas (a powerful speaker/politician) who promoted popular sovereignty. Lincoln won the debates and became the 16th American President (REP)
John C. Breckinridge The South's pro-slavery Democratic candidate in the election of 1860. Completed the split of the Democratic Party by being nominated.
Confederate States of america South Carolina was the first to secede, followed by six other states after Lincoln's election was confirmed
Jefferson Davis former Mississippi senator chosen by the confederation to be president of the newly formed confederation. He supported the compromise of 1850, but wanted the south left alone to manage itself
Crittenden Compromise a call for federal funds (by Jefferson Davis) to reimburse slaveholders for unreturned fugitives
Created by: A. Shearer