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2019-2020 SS TERMS

Geography the study of the Earth's surface
Continent one of the seven main landmasses of the globe
Hemisphere one of the halves into which the earth is divided
Latitude imaginary horizontal lines; measures distance north or south from the equator of a point on the earth's surface; called parallels
Longitude: imaginary vertical lines: measures distance east or west from the Prime Meridian of a point on the earth's surface.
GPS Global Positioning System
Coordinates the absolute location of a place
Scale a measuring line that helps determine distance on a map
Culture the behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particular social, ethnic, or age group: Religion/values; Knowledge; Innovation; Holidays; Traditions; Food; Dress; Homes; Artistic expressions; Social Structure; government
Civilization an advance form of culture that developed in cities
Natural resource a material that humans can take from the environment. Ex: coal, iron, fish
Physical Feature attributes/characteristics of the earth that are visible
Summarize Present the main points in a precise form
Historical Perspective viewing past events from one's point of view
prejudice prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair
Historical Narrative writing history in a story-based form
Plausible Reasonable or probable Reasonable or probable
Secondary Source an account provided after the fact by people who did not directly witness or participate in the event. Ex: textbook, Wikipedia, books and articles written by historians
Primary Source firsthand information about people or events. Ex: diaries, letters, and autobiographies
Government the system or form by which a community is ruled
Democracy the orientation of those who favor government by the people
Monarchy a nation's ruler usually by hereditary right
Totalitarian government usually ruled by a dictator; government controls almost every aspect of life; citizens have LITTLE or NO liberties
Oligarchy ruled by a few people (usually 3-5 people)
Theocracy ruled by religion
Anarchy ruled by no one
Junta A military oligarchy, especially after a coup d'├ętat and before a constitution is created
Economics of or relating to production and management of wealth
Economics the wealth and resources of a country or region, especially in terms of the production and consumption of goods and services
Scarcity Shortness of supply
Consume to use or use up
Goods Objects we use
Services An act done for someone
Supply/ Demand supply is how much of something is available. Demand is a person's desire for a product or service. In a free market economy, the price of an item usually depends on the demand
Produce to make or manufacture
Capital any form of wealth that can be used to produce more wealth Ex.: cash, gold, silver, property, gems
Finished product goods that have completed the manufacturing process
Barter to trade by exchange of goods and services rather than by the use of money
Entrepreneur Someone who organizes a business and takes on greater-than-normal financial risk in order to do so
Labor Physical or mental work
Regulation a law, rule, made by the government, to control conduct
Currency something that is used as a medium of exchange; money
Created by: WIMS
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