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Children's Language

The study of children's language

Which word class do children tend to use and why? Nouns because they use it in their language to get what they want
Why is language important for children? It allows them to participate in everyday life
According to Stephen Pinker, what is speech? Speech is a distinct piece of the biological makeup of our brains and is universal to humans
What to the noises that children make cause? Thoughts to be formed by others
Where are babies prepared for language? In the womb
How does an infant make vowel sounds? Since the new born has a vocal tract, the larynx periscopes up and engages the nasal passage, forcing the infant to breath through the nose
What three things are part of our identity? Playing with language, singing and planning
What three things confuses software? Different speakers, homophones and accents
Why shouldn't there be music, sounds or other additional entertainment features when teaching children letter sounds? Children can lose concentration very easily
What two things are provided to speed up the process of learning phonic sounds? Booklets and teaching resources
When teaching phonics, why do teachers sound out each letter before saying the word? So that the learner has a model of it
What physical technique speeds up the process of learning phonic sounds? Performing the movements of the sound
By the end of unit one of learning the basics of the English language, how many words does the average child spell correctly and know very well? 90 simplistic words
Why should phonics be taught in a routine? The child can predict which speeds up the learning process
Define "Motherees" Language used by carers for young children
What is a child's first attempt at communicating with the world? Crying
What is crying and which linguistic category does it fall into? A baby's way of communicating and it falls into prosodics
What is the Vegetative Stage? A technical term for crying and natural uncreative sounds that a baby makes between 0-12 months
What is the Cooing Stage? An early sign of communication in babies between 2-5 months where it uses basic repetitive vowel sounds and occasional consonant sounds
What is the Vocal Play Stage? An intermediate stage where babies coo and babble at around 4-8 months
What six consonants does an average baby learn at the Vocal Play Stage? M, N, D, B, G and S
What is the Holophrastic Period? A period that is marked by the formation of the first word or single word utterances
What is the Early Single Word Stage? A stage marked by first recognisable utterances, usually reduplicated phonemes but with clear purpose or reference to a thing in the world
What is the Late Single Word Stage? A stage marked by more advanced word utterances and complex phonetics
What four words are developed at the Late Single Word Stage? Names, simple nouns, "yes" and "no"
What is the Telegraphic Period? A period where children begin to string words together in the form of a sentence, but using incomplete vocabulary
What is the Two Word Stage? A stage at 24 months where children use minimum words to convey meaning of a whole sentence, start acquiring rules of syntax and demonstrate semantic relations with two words
What is the importance of linguistic reinforcement? It assists the child’s use of language and encourages development
What is phonological development? The process of learning sounds and acquiring lexis
Can children acquire a correct knowledge of grammar simply by imitation? No because sentences are rarely spoken in the same way twice
Do children have the ability to construct sentences without hearing the speech of others? Yes because hey discover the principles that underline the constructions and are then able to generate new utterances
What is object permanence? It is the child’s ability to recognise that objects have an existence independent of his or her interaction with them
What is seriation? This is the child’s ability to arrange objects, such as stories, in order or increasing or decreasing size
What are the two conventions of conversation of children that assist pragmatic development? Turn taking and question and answer sequences
What is child directed speech and why should it be preferred over motherees and fatherees? It is the way in which parents or carers speak to the children, and it should be used because mothers and fathers communicate differently to their children
Describe four phonological features of child directed speech Slower pronunciation, more pauses, higher pitch and exaggerated intonation
Describe three lexical features of child directed speech Simpler restricted vocabulary, diminutive forms and reduplication
Describe seven grammatical features of child directed speech Simpler constructions, pauses, sentence frames, imperatives, repetition, frequent questions and infrequent personal pronouns
Describe four discourse features of child directed speech Tag questions, expansion, feedback and face to face communication
Created by: 13hored
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