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linguistics

learning primary terms of linguistics

TermDefinition
onomatopoeia refers to words that are considered by convention to be imitative of nature,acoustically similar to the thing to which they refer (e.g. the bow-wow of a dog or the tick-tock of a clock) or the sound made by the thing to which they refer (e.g. a buzz saw).
productivity n if a process is fully regular and actively used in the creation of new words, this process is considered productive. For example, the English suffix -ness can be attached to any adjective to make a noun (e.g. happiness, niceness, gloriousness).
discrete adj discreteness n In phonology, the distinctive sound units of a language (the phonemes) are considered to be discrete units. For example, the English word pin would consist of three such units: /p/, /i/, and /n
duality of structure n a distinctive charcteristic of langage which refrs to the fact that languges are orgnized in terms of two levels. At one level, language consists of sequences of segments or unts which do not themslves carry meaning (such as the letters “g”, “d” and “o”).
recursiveness n This view of grammar was emphasized in Chomsky’s early grammatical theories. Many linguists today argue that language use is in fact characterized by the repeated use of fixed expressions and collocations.
ACCENT a particular way of speaking which tells the listener something about the speaker’s background. A person’s pronunciation may show: a the region or country they come from, e.g. a northern accent an American accent
mutual intelligibility n a situation where speakers of two closely related or similar language varieties understand one another such as speakers of Spanish and Portuguese.The degree of mutual intelligibility depends on the amount of shared vocabulary,similarity in pronunciation,
dialect n dialectal adj a variety of a language, spoken in one part of a country (regional dialect),or by people belongng to a partcularsocialclass (social dialect or sociolect),which is diffrent in some words, grammar, and/or pronunciation from other forms of the same language.
idiolect n idiolectal adj the language system of an individual as expressed by the way he or she speaks or writes within the overall system of a particular language.for example, their choice of utterances and the way they interpret the utterances made by others
Created by: colak.mhmt
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