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Three Worlds Meet

Unit 1: Early Americans (Ch. 1)

AZTEC a Native American people that settled in the Valley of Mexico in the 1200s AD and later developed a powerful empire
COLONIZATION the establishment of outlying settlements by a parent country.
COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE the transfer—beginning with Columbus's first voyage—of plants, animals, and diseases between the Eastern and Western Hemisphere
CRUSADES a series of Christian military expeditions to the Middle East between AD 1096 and 1270
DIVISION OF LABOR the assignment of different tasks and responsibilities to different groups of individuals.
HOHOKAM a Native American group that lived in the valleys of the Salt and Gila rivers (in what is now Arizona) from about 300 BC to AD 1400.
IROQUOIS a group of Native American peoples inhabiting the woodlands of the Northeast
INCA a Native American people that around AD 1400 created an empire reaching nearly 2,500 miles along the west coast of South America
ISLAM a religion founded in Arabia in AD 622 by the prophet Muhammad; its believers are called Muslims.
KINSHIP the ties between members of a family.
LINEAGE a group of people descended from a common ancestor.
NOMADIC having no fixed home
NUCLEAR FAMILY a household made up of a mother
PLANTATION a large farm on which the labor of slaves or other workers is used to grow a single crop
REFORMATION a religious movement in 16th century Europe, growing out of the desire to reform the Catholic Church and leading to the establishment of Protestant Churches
RENAISSANCE a period of European history, lasting from about 1400 to 1600, during which renewed interest in classical culture led to far-reaching changes in art, learning, and views of the world.
caravel a ship used by most early Portuguese and Spanish explorers (light, and fast)
migration movement from one area or region to another.
oral tradition cultural material and tradition transmitted orally from one generation to another.
artifact something created by humans usually for a practical purpose.
archeology Is the study of human activity in the past.
Pre-Colombian Relating to the Americas before the arrival of Columbus.
Hierarchy European communities organized by rank.
surplus of food Needed before cities and complex civilizations could develop.
trade African Kingdoms gained power through?
Treaty of Tordesillas imaginary line dividing conquered land between Portugal and Spain.
Gold, Land, Religion Main focus for Columbus's Voyages.
Inca South Americas most prominent empires.
Created by: kiehl.teresa