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20thCentury Virginia


In what year did the Supreme Court hand down the decision in Brown v. Board of Education? 1954
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in 1954 that "separate but equal" _________ were not constitutional. public schools
Which Virginian was the first African American winner of a major men's tennis singles championship and a spokesperson for social change. Arthur R. Ashe, Jr.
Which Virginian as governor of Virginia, was the first African-American to be elected a state governor in the United States? L. Douglas Wilder
Which Virginia governor was known for the "pay as you go" policy for road improvements and for modernizing state government? Harry F. Byrd, Sr.
Many Virginians were against desegregation, which led to a rise in the number of __________ in Virginia. private schools
Virginia's policy against integration of public schools was called _______________________. Massive Resistance
Which Virginian was the first African American woman in the United States to establish a bank and become a bank president . Maggie L. Walker
The term which means the full equality of all races in the use of public facilities is _________________________. integration
The term which means separation, usually by race or religion is ________________________________. segregation
The term which means the abolishment of racial segregation is ___________________________________. desegregation
Who was the governor of Virginia who promoted racial equality and appointed more African Americans and women to state government positions than previous governors? A. Linwood Holton, Jr.
Which Virginian was lawyer and civil rights leader who worked for equal rights for African Americans and played a key role in the Brown vs. Board of Education decision? Oliver W. Hill, Sr.
Which Virginian was a 16 year-old high school junior who led a student strike against segregation in 1951 in Farmville, VA? Barbara John
Which Virginia senator led the Massive Resistance movement against the desegregation of public schools? Harry F. Byrd, Sr.
The Massive Resistance movement in Virginia failed and Virginia's public schools were ________________________. integrated
After World War II ________________ ___________________ demanded equal treatment and the recognition of their rights as American citizens. African Americans
The period period of harsh economic conditions worldwide during the 1930s was called the _________________ ________________. Great Depression
A federal government program established ______________ __________ programs to provide employment and ease many hardships during the Great Depression. New Deal
The United States Constitution was amended in 1920 to give women the ______________________________. right to vote
Which Virginian was an African American leader who supported equal rights for women? Maggie L. Walker
During the twentieth century and beyond, Virginia changed from a rural, agricultural society to a more ________________, ______________________ society. urban, industrialized
During the early twentieth century, how did agriculture begin to change? Mechanization (e.g., the tractor) and improvements in transportation changed farming. Crop prices were low.
Why did Virginia's cities grow in the early twentieth century? People moved from rural to urban areas for economic opportunities. Technological developments in transportation (roads, railroads, and streetcars) helped cities grow. Coal mining spurred the growth of Virginia.
The increase in the number of federal government jobs caused growth _________________________ Virginia. northern
In the late twentieth century and the early twenty-first century, Northern Virginia and the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) region have grown due to _________________________. computer technology
Created by: lsurles