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Medieval Times

Medieval terms

TermDefinition
Instrument for knights to practise jousting on Quintain
The fence separate knights who are jousting Tilt
Part of a knight’s armour Chainmail
Time you had to have fires put out by Curfew
Stage of training for a craftsman Apprentice
Organisation who ran each trade Guild
Hobby involving hawks who hunted birds Hawking
Paid by girls family in an arranged marriage Dowry
Place on top of castle where soldiers attacked enemies from Battlements place
Part of castle where kings family live Keep
Why was the feudal system set up For control
The medieval period started after the end of what empire? Roman empire
A weapon with a spiked ball on the end of a chain Mace
Stage two of a knight’s training Squire
Event outside the town walls, once a year - like a festival Fair
Type of sewing done by ladies Embroidery
A courtyard in castle Bailey
The walls around outside of a castle Curtain walls
When you surround castle did occupants come out to fight or surrender? Siege
A journeyman had to make it to become a master craftsman Masterpiece
He won n the battle of the Hastings? William from Normandy
Who were the three men who were claimants to the English throne? Harald Hadraada, Harold Godwinson and William duke of Normandy.
Where was Harald Hadraada from? Norway
Harold Godwinson was what at the time of Edward the Confessor's death? The Earl of Wessex.
On what day was Harold ii crowned king of England? 6th January.
What was William’s claim to the throne? That he was promised by Edward who was his cousin.
What was Harald Hadraada's claim to the throne? That Cnut's son promised the throne to him, and that he was a descendant of King Cnut, a former King of England.
What was Harold Godwinson's claim to the throne? He was the most powerful nobleman in England and the only Englishman claiming the throne beside a nine year old relative (who was not chosen for obvious reasons.
What day did Edward the confessor die? 5th January 1066
Why was their no direct heir to the throne? Because he died without a son.
What is the Norman conquest? A group of Vikings that had been raiding France got permission from the French king to live there instead.
What were the settlers called and what was the meaning of their name? They were called the Normans and that was short for "north man".
True or false: William was a descendant from the Viking tribes that were accepted into France. True.
How was Harold Godwinson, king of England, killed and by whom? He was killed by William of Normandy’s army with an arrow through the eye.
Who became the new king of England? William of Normandy.
What was the most significant reason why William won at the battle of Hastings? William's army pretended to retreat downhill and made them chase them, breaking Harold’s shield wall which made them easier to attack once they got to the bottom of the hill.
What is the name of the tapestry that depicted the important events of 1066? The Bayeux tapestry.
What is the Bayeux tapestry? It is a piece of linen with all the prominent events of 1066 embroidered onto it.
Who ordered the tapestry to be made? William's half brother, Odo, Bishop of Bayeux.
Who was ordered to embroider the tapestry? A group of Saxon women.
What are the dimensions of the Bayeux tapestry? 50 centimetres thick and 70 metres long.
In the year 1066 Halley’s comet was seen. True or false? True
Halley's comet was seen as a bad omen in 1066. True or false? True
In the feudal system, the peasantry gained what in return for what? They gained the use of land in return for working and paying taxes with crops.
In the feudal system, the sub-tenants gained what in return for what? They gained land from the tenants in chief in return for fighting in wars and protecting the property of the chief tenant.
What were the two names for the medieval system of organising society? The feudal system and feudalism.
Who introduced the feudal system and when? Charlemagne introduced it in the 8th century.
What were the advantages of the system? It helped the country grow stronger and provided people with a sense of protection.
What were the two levels of peasantry? Freemen and serfs.
Serfs had nothing to their name - true or false? True.
A portcullis is: An iron grate on either side of a gateway.
What was the purpose of a castle? To provide the monarch or chief tenant good living quarters, protect the inhabitants against siege and act as a military base.
What is a siege? A siege is the act of surrounding a castle or building in order to starve the inhabitants to death.
Where were castles built? In hard to reach places such as cliffs and islands, usually with a good view of the nearest town.
Resources that a castle needed to be near: Towns so that the lord could collect taxes, fresh water and building material, workers to build the castle and roads or rivers for transport.
Domain The land controlled by a ruler or lord; like a manor
Charter A written grant of rights and privileges by a ruler or government to a community, class of people, or organization; people in towns would buy charters to get more freedom
Guild An organization of people in the same craft or trade; they would live on the same street, punish cheaters in the guild, and approve apprentices
Apprentice A person who works for an expert in a trade or craft in return for training; sometimes parents would pay money for training; usually a boy but sometimes a girl; usually had a contract that stated the apprentice would stay for 7 years
Journeyman A person who has learned a particular trade or craft but is not an employer or master (expert); has past apprentice-hood but not enough funding to set up own business
Commerce The buying and selling of goods; could be in marketplaces or with trade
Jew A descendant of the ancient Hebrews; the founders of the religion of Judaism; also any person whose religion is Judaism
Common law A body of rulings made by judges that become part of a nation's legal system
government A group of people who create laws for a state, country or kingdom.
feudalism The name of the government and society during Medieval England.
successful Something that works really well.
kingdom The land ruled by a king.
barons Rich men who controlled the land of the king.
dynasty A family that has been in political power for many generations.
bishop A powerful leader within the Catholic religion.
church A place of worship, especially for Christians and Catholics.
Catholic A version of the Christian religion.
medieval Another name for the Middle Ages.
tithe 10% of someone’s income that is paid to the church.
fiefs A large area of land in the control of Barons.
castle A home of a king or a very rich person.
peasants Poor people or slaves. In Medieval times they were also called serfs and villeins.