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Ch. 7 Review

The U.S. & Latin America

Most of the nations south of the United States in the Western Hemisphere are part of __________________________ Central and South America
In 1891, the United States interfered in a civil war in _____________. Chile
In 1895, the United States interfered in _______________________ , when Great Britain and Venezuela had a dispute over land near the colony of British Guiana. Venezuela
Puerto Ricans became American __________________ in 1917. citizens
Since 1952, Puerto Rico has been a __________________________ of the United States, which means the United States own the islands, but the people rule themselves. commonwealth
Even though the United States does not own or control Cuba, it still has a naval base at _________________________ Bay. Guantanamo
The United States helped Panama win its independence from _____________________ , so it could buy the rights from Panama to build the Canal. Colombia
Two diseases, _____________________________ and _______________ had to be eradicated before American workers could build the Panama Canal. yellow fever; malaria
The Panama Canal opened in _______ , connecting the ____________ and __________ Ocean. 1914; Atlantic; Pacific
Originally, the ______________ Doctrine meant that Europe must not start new colonies in Latin America. Monroe
____________________ diplomacy was President Theodore Roosevelt’s foreign policy that said the United States would use _____________________________ to settle problems. Big Stick diplomacy
Roosevelt’s big stick diplomacy, together with his policy that European countries would not be allowed to interfere in Latin America, were called the ___________________________________________ to the Monroe Doctrine. Roosevelt Corollary
Teddy Roosevelt sent American ships to Venezuela, Cuba, and the Dominican Republic to force those countries to pay their _________ they owed to European nations. force payment of debts owed to European nations
William Howard __________ became President after Roosevelt. Taft
Taft’s Latin American policy in which he encouraged the growth of large American businesses in Latin America became known as ________________________ dollar diplomacy
Taft sent troops to ____________________ and left them there for more than 20 years to protect American businesses. Nicaragua
The president after Taft, ______________________________ also sent troops to Latin American nations because he wanted to have ______________________ governments that supported the U.S. Woodrow Wilson; democratic
Wilson sent troops into ________________ to try to capture ____________________________ who killed some Americans in 1916. Mexico; Pancho Villa
The _____________________________ Policy was the U.S. policy toward Latin America during the 1930s supported by presidents Hoover and Franklin Roosevelt that said the United States would not use military force there. Good Neighbor
________________________ held the positions of assistant secretary of the navy, leader of the Rough Riders, governor of New York, Vice-president, and President of the United States throughout his storied political career. Theodore Roosevelt
Created by: david.frost