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Ch. 4 Review

Immigration & Labor Movements

QuestionAnswer
What was significant about the fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory in 1911? it showed that worker safety was a problem
Name three factors that led to the growth of cities in the late 1800s: (1) the growth of industry; (2) the flow of millions of immigrants after the Civil War; (3) the movement of African Americans from the South to northern cities between 1890 and 1920
Poor families in cities lived mostly in ______________________. tenements
Those immigrants who had come AFTER the 1880s were called “new” immigrants
Most of the new immigrants were from __________________________________. southern and eastern Europe
Immigrants usually lived in neighborhoods with people from their own country called _____________. ghettos
Immigrants entering the east coast came through __________ Island, while those coming into the west coast came through ________ Island. Ellis; Angel
Name three acts that limited immigration into the United States: (1) Chinese Exclusion Act; (2) Gentleman’s Agreement of 1907; (3) 1921 Quota System
The first successful labor union was the __________________________________________ . Knights of Labor
True or False: The Homestead Strike helped union members False
True or False: The Pullman Strike helped union members False
True or False: The actions of the federal government during the Pullman Strike showed that it favored big business over the needs of poor workers True
____________ founded the American Federation of Labor. Samuel Gompers
__________________worked for laws to end child labor and helped miners join unions. Mary Harris “Mother” Jones
_____________________ was a leader of the American Railway Union and a socialist who ran for president. Eugene V. Debs
______________________ was the first African American to earn a Ph.D. at Harvard and joined with others to start the NAACP. W.E.B. Du Bois
_____________ was a Jewish American who wrote a famous poem about the Statue of Liberty that was placed at the statue’s base. Emma Lazarus
____________________ are workers who have few skills. unskilled labor
A _______________________ is an apartment building that is usually run-down and crowded, and which has unhealthy living conditions. tenement
An ____________________ is an order given by a court that forbids a person from doing something. injunction
The ____________ system limited the number of immigrants from different countries who could move to the United States. quota
_______________ bargaining is a process that helps two groups come to an agreement; commonly used between workers and employers. Collective
Created by: david.frost