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Ch. 4 Review
Immigration & Labor Movements
|What was significant about the fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory in 1911?
|it showed that worker safety was a problem
|Name three factors that led to the growth of cities in the late 1800s:
|(1) the growth of industry; (2) the flow of millions of immigrants after the Civil War; (3) the movement of African Americans from the South to northern cities between 1890 and 1920
|Poor families in cities lived mostly in ______________________.
|Those immigrants who had come AFTER the 1880s were called
|Most of the new immigrants were from __________________________________.
|southern and eastern Europe
|Immigrants usually lived in neighborhoods with people from their own country called _____________.
|Immigrants entering the east coast came through __________ Island, while those coming into the west coast came through ________ Island.
|Name three acts that limited immigration into the United States:
|(1) Chinese Exclusion Act; (2) Gentleman’s Agreement of 1907; (3) 1921 Quota System
|The first successful labor union was the __________________________________________ .
|Knights of Labor
|True or False: The Homestead Strike helped union members
|True or False: The Pullman Strike helped union members
|True or False: The actions of the federal government during the Pullman Strike showed that it favored big business over the needs of poor workers
|____________ founded the American Federation of Labor.
|__________________worked for laws to end child labor and helped miners join unions.
|Mary Harris “Mother” Jones
|_____________________ was a leader of the American Railway Union and a socialist who ran for president.
|Eugene V. Debs
|______________________ was the first African American to earn a Ph.D. at Harvard and joined with others to start the NAACP.
|W.E.B. Du Bois
|_____________ was a Jewish American who wrote a famous poem about the Statue of Liberty that was placed at the statue’s base.
|____________________ are workers who have few skills.
|A _______________________ is an apartment building that is usually run-down and crowded, and which has unhealthy living conditions.
|An ____________________ is an order given by a court that forbids a person from doing something.
|The ____________ system limited the number of immigrants from different countries who could move to the United States.
|_______________ bargaining is a process that helps two groups come to an agreement; commonly used between workers and employers.