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SS Chapter 10D

practice

QuestionAnswer
1) According to the graph, what president reached the highest peak of popularity? A) Truman B) Eisenhower C) Kennedy D) Johnson
2) According to the graph, which two of the following presidents were considered most unpopular because of a foreign policy? A) Johnson and Truman B) Truman and Kennedy C) Nixon and Johnson D) Eisenhower and Kennedy
3) According to the graph, what president's low popularity resulted from an economic problem? A) Eisenhower B) Nixon C) Johnson D) Truman
4) Which of the following conclusions was most justified by the information in the chart? A) The popularity of most presidents changes during their time in office. B) The popularity of a president depends upon how strong he is. C) The popularity of a president depends on the popularity of the president in office before him. D) The popularity of a president depends upon what they accomplish before taking office.
5) What tactic did President Harry S. Truman use against Congress in the election of 1946? A) He blamed Congress for creating an economic recession. B) He declared that Congress reduced the power of many civil rights groups. C) He claimed that Congress prevented the passage of much needed social legislation. D) He accused Congress of providing the Soviet Union with nuclear power plans.
6) Which Republican goal helped the party win a majority of the seats in both houses of Congress in 1946? A) The attempted to end the Vietnam War. B) They attempted to resolve the economic problems created by World War II. C) They sought to repair the Taft-Hartley Act. D) They wanted to create more New Deal social programs.
7) What Republican candidate was predicted to win the presidency in 1948? A) Dwight Eisenhower B) Richard Nixon C) Thomas E. Dewey D) Barry Goldwater
8) Which one of the following symbols would have been most popular at the 1948 Democratic national convention? A) B) C) D)
9) Why was Harry S. Truman one of the nation's most controversial presidents? A) He enforced civil rights laws which had previously been ignored. B) He neglected domestic problems to deal with foreign affairs. C) He broke the law to ensure his re-election. D) He appeased Josef Stalin at the Yalta Conference.
10) What action did President Harry S. Truman take during the 1946 railroad workers' strike? A) He forced the railroads to raise the employees' wages and benefits. B) He demanded that the company shut down until an agreement could be negotiated. C) He threatened to send in troops to take over the major railroads. D) He asked the Supreme Court to mediate the dispute.
11) Which one of the following best describes how Harry S. Truman ended the United Mine Workers strike in April of 1946? A) He sent soldiers to do the work of the miners. B) He asked Congress for the authority to draft the striking workers. C) He searched for alternative sources of energy. D) He agreed to their demands for better working conditions.
12) What 1947 law limited the right of labor unions to strike? A) Taft-Hartley Act B) Fair Labor Standards Act C) Smith Act D) Sherman Antitrust Act
13) What was the purpose of the Taft-Hartley Act? A) to discourage segregation in publicly supported schools B) to end the Korean War C) to control or end labor strikes D) to guarantee voting rights to all minorities
14) Why did President Harry S. Truman establish the Loyalty Review Board in 1947? A) to investigate the backgrounds of many federal workers B) to investigate the backgrounds of military recruits C) to establish fair practices in labor disputes D) to evaluate United States military practices during the Cold War
15) Which one of the following actions did Harry S. Truman take to promote civil rights of African Americans? A) He sent troops to keep the peace in interracial schools. B) He persuaded Congress to pass civil rights legislation. C) He banned segregation in the military. D) He appointed an entirely African American Cabinet.
16) In 1948, what political party opposed Harry S. Truman's efforts to promote civil rights in the United States? A) Democratic Party B) Republican Party C) State's Rights Party D) Whig Party
17) Which one of the following was a domestic program of President Harry S. Truman's administration? A) New Freedom B) Fair Deal C) New Deal D) New Frontier
18) Which one of the following was a domestic program that extended the reforms of the New Deal? A) Great Society B) Square Deal C) Fair Deal D) New Freedom
19) In the 1950s, who claimed that many government employees were Communists? A) John Foster Dulles B) Douglas MacArthur C) Richard Nixon D) Joseph McCarthy
20) What charge did Senator Joseph McCarthy frequently make about the United States government during the 1950s? A) the hunt for Communists was becoming abusive of American people's constitutional rights B) Communists were employed in the U.S. State department C) the government was ignoring terrorism threats D) the Democrats had disbanded all international spy rings
21) What issue made Senator Joseph McCarthy a popular figure? A) His information about Alger Hiss' communist connections. B) His creation of the Loyalty Review Board. C) His exposure of the spying at Los Alamos. D) His development and support of the space program.
22) From what committee did Senator Joseph McCarthy launch his attacks on Communists in the United States during the 1950s? A) House Foreign Affairs Committee B) House Intelligence Committee C) House Un-American Activities Committee D) House Defense Committee
23) What issue led to the decline of Senator Joseph McCarthy's popularity? A) his lack of enthusiasm for space exploration B) his criticism of the presidential management of the Korean War C) his creation of the Loyalty Review Board D) his accusation that the army was infiltrated with Communists
24) What was an important result of Senator Joseph McCarthy's activities in the Senate? A) Many peoples' lives were ruined by unfounded accusations of communist involvement. B) He ruined Richard Nixon's chances of re-election. C) The Department of the Interior was established. D) The influence of the Communist Party grew rapidly in the United States.
25) What puts a limitation on the number of terms a president may serve? A) a tradition set by Franklin D. Roosevelt B) a constitutional amendment C) an act of Congress D) an agreement between the two major political parties
26) Which one of the following was specifically included in an amendment to the United States Constitution? A) a description of the roles of congressional committees B) a restriction on the number of political parties in the United States C) the minimum number of times that the president's Cabinet must meet D) a limitation on the number of terms a president may serve
27) What constitutional amendment gave voters the right to select electors in the District of Columbia? A) 26th Amendment B) 24th Amendment C) 23rd Amendment D) 27th Amendment
28) According to the Presidential Succession Act of 1947, if either a president or a vice president are unable to serve, which official would next carry out the responsibilities of the executive office? A) attorney general B) secretary of state C) president pro tempore of the Senate D) speaker of the House of Representatives
29) Who would succeed to the office of the president if both the president and the vice president of the United States could not serve? A) chief justice of the United States Supreme Court B) secretary of state C) president pro tempore of the Senate D) speaker of the House of Representatives
30) What happens to the position of vice president if the vice president were to die? A) The losing presidential candidate from the last election becomes the new vice president. B) The president will nominate a replacement who will take office when approved by a majority of both houses of Congress. C) A special national election will be held. D) The office remains vacant until the next regularly scheduled election.
31) Who was the Republican candidate for president in 1952? A) Ronald Reagan B) Richard Nixon C) Dwight Eisenhower D) Thomas Dewey
32) What scholarly and intellectual man was the Democratic candidate for president in 1952? A) Harry S. Truman B) Adlai Stevenson C) John F. Kennedy D) Eugene McCarthy
33) Which one of the following issues did Republicans use against the Democrats in the 1952 election? A) The United States needed a more liberal government. B) The government needed to be more involved in the economy. C) Democrats had been in control for too long. D) Wage and price controls must be eliminated
34) Which one of the following factors assisted Dwight Eisenhower in winning his election to the presidency in 1952? A) enforcing the Truman Doctrine B) aiding the South Koreans C) helping veterans find jobs after World War II D) being a World War II hero
35) What new Cabinet department was established during President Dwight Eisenhower's first administration? A) Department of Health, Education, and Welfare B) Department of the Interior C) Department of Commerce D) Department of Agriculture
36) Which bumper sticker might a person have chosen if they wished to show their opposition to the welfare system? A) E B) B C) C D) E
37) Which one of the following national construction projects was accomplished during the Eisenhower administration? A) Transcontinental Railroad B) Internal Canal System C) National Airport Development D) Interstate Highway System
38) Who was the chief justice of the Supreme Court in the 1960s? A) Earl Warren B) Warren Burger C) Sandra Day O'Connor D) Thurgood Marshall
39) Brown v. Bd of Ed sep of the races creates inequalit Engel v. Vitale (1962) — mandatory prayer in public school violates the principle of separation of Gideon v. Wainright (1963) — supect has the right to a lawyer Miranda v. Arizona (1966) — an arrested person be informed of their rig A) The right to pray in public school guaran B) Individual civil rights are closely protec C) State governments have gained great power over the judicial s D) Segregation of public schools upheld.
40) Under Chief Justice Warren, key Supreme Court decisions (such as Gideon v. Wainright) protected the rights of A) minorities B) newly-arrived immigrants C) alleged criminals D) women
41) Which one of the following issues was emphasized by the Republicans during the 1960 presidential election? A) successes of the Eisenhower presidency B) threats of Soviets competition in the world market C) lack of televised public debates D) importance of the religious issue
42) John F. Kennedy served as president of the United States during what years? A) 1961-1963 B) 1957-1961 C) 1953-1957 D) 1949-1953
43) What domestic program was associated with the John F. Kennedy administration? A) Square Deal B) Great Society C) New Frontier D) New Deal
44) What president created the New Frontier in the 1960s? A) Lyndon B. Johnson B) Gerald Ford C) John F. Kennedy D) Richard Nixon
45) What was John F. Kennedy's 1962 program to improve standards of living in the United States? A) New Freedom B) New Frontier C) Great Society D) Fair Deal
46) What was a goal of the John F. Kennedy's New Frontier? A) reducing government spending B) ending the Great Depression C) establishing the CCC D) ensuring social justice
47) How did President John F. Kennedy advance the voting rights of African Americans? A) He sent federal troops to integrate the University of Mississippi. B) He supported affirmative action. C) He established the Equal Opportunity Commission. D) He encouraged the passage of the 24th Amendment.
48) What constitutional amendment repealed the poll tax? A) 24th Amendment B) 19th Amendment C) 26th Amendment D) 23rd Amendment
49) Why did John F. Kennedy seek to end the Freedom Rides? A) He did not think the Freedom Riders could be protected by the National Guard. B) He did not think they were beneficial to the civil rights movement. C) He felt they had accomplished their purpose. D) He wanted to avoid further violence and the alienation of Southern voters.
50) How did President John F. Kennedy's administration attempt to control inflation? A) by asking Congress to reduce government spending B) by establishing price ceilings C) by applying pressure on companies that imposed steep price increases D) by asking Congress to lower the minimum wage
51) Which one of the following presidents was shot and killed by an assassin? A) Harry S. Truman B) John F. Kennedy C) Richard Nixon D) Ronald Reagan
52) What organization investigated the assassination of John F. Kennedy? A) Supreme Court B) National Guard C) Department of the Interior D) Warren Commission
53) Who became president after the assassination of John F. Kennedy? A) Richard Nixon B) Barry Goldwater C) Lyndon B. Johnson D) Jimmy Carter
54) What conservative Republican ran for the presidency in 1964? A) George Bush B) Barry Goldwater C) Richard Nixon D) John McCain
55) What was the title of Lyndon B. Johnson's social and economic programs of the 1960s? A) Square Deal B) New Deal C) New Freedom D) Great Society
56) Lyndon B. Johnson's program for improving the quality of life in the United States was the A) Gulf of Tonkin Resolution B) Great Society C) Helsinki Agreement D) New Freedom
57) Which one of the following factors helped President Lyndon B. Johnson pass his Great Society program? A) Business and industry were demanding Union reforms. B) The Democratic Party held a majority in Congress. C) The Republican Party firmly supported social change. D) The nation's economy was in a downward spiral.
58) Which one of the following groups of Americans were helped most by Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society? A) poor and lower class B) bankers and stock brokers C) industrialists D) middle class
59) Lyndon B. Johnson administration's record on social reform? A) Passed several pro-business pieces of legislation (such as the reduction of corporate tax rates) which helped the economy and individual citizens. B) Distracted by the Vietnam war so not much social reform took place. C) Enforced Kennedy's aggressive social reform programs, but introduced little new legislation. D) Passed key social reform legislation (including Medicaid and the Housing and Urban Development Act).
60) What did Lyndon Johnson propose to assist the elderly and poor with medical care? A) Civil Rights Act B) Organization of American States C) Medicare and Medicaid D) Health Insurance Act
61) What was Lyndon B. Johnson's reaction when studies showed that about 50 million Americans were living in poverty? A) He initiated the War on Poverty program. B) He continued the New Deal policies to help the poor. C) He developed the Peace Corps to help the less fortunate. D) He shifted money from the Vietnam War to relief spending.
62) What prevented Lyndon B. Johnson's antipoverty programs from receiving adequate funding? A) resistance by the Supreme Court B) an economic depression in the United States C) refusal of Congress to consider his programs D) spending on the Vietnam War
63) Which one of the following would be considered the most difficult problem Lyndon B. Johnson faced as president? A) development of the space program B) the energy crisis C) Vietnam War D) the civil rights movement
64) Which one of the following guaranteed the right of all United States citizens to vote? A) Voting Rights Act of 1965 B) SALT Agreement C) 14th Amendment D) 18th Amendment
65) The Civil Rights Act of 1964 protects citizens (regardless of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin) by A) ensuring that everyone is paid equally for the same job B) allowing everyone to own a firearm C) banning employment discrimination D) allowing them to join labor unions
66) What 1968 Democratic presidential candidate opposed the Vietnam War? A) Lyndon Johnson B) Eugene McCarthy C) Jimmy Carter D) Joseph McCarthy
67) Who was the Democratic candidate for president in 1972? A) Warren Burger B) Jimmy Carter C) Richard Nixon D) George McGovern
68) Who was the national security advisor to President Richard Nixon? A) H.R. Haldeman B) Earl Warren C) Henry Kissinger D) Howard Hunt
69) How was the Supreme Court changed by the judicial appointments of Richard Nixon? A) Many of the Warren Court's decisions on criminal procedure were reversed. B) The number of Supreme Court justices was increased to twelve. C) The first woman was appointed as a Supreme Court justice. D) The Supreme Court became more liberal in its decision-making.
70) What was President Richard Nixon's opinion about the Supreme Court decisions of Justice Earl Warren? A) They were too restrictive of the police's power to control crime. B) They weakened the president's power to sign amendments. C) They further decreased the rights of the accused. D) They granted too much power to state judges.
71) Who did Richard Nixon appoint as chief justice of the Supreme Court? A) Anthony Scalia B) Warren Burger C) Thurgood Marshall D) Earl Warren
72) In the 1970s, a wage-price freeze was imposed by the federal government as an effort to A) increase the prices people pay for goods and services B) keep foreign nations from buying American made goods C) hold down the rise in the cost of living D) raise more money for social and foreign aid programs
The chart reveals what economic problem from the mid-1970s? A) wage controls B) inflation C) price controls D) depression
74) What was President Richard Nixon's solution for controlling inflation in the 1970s? A) decreasing foreign trade B) raising taxes to control spending C) increasing bank fees D) fixing prices and wages to prevent further increases
75) Why did the Arab nations discontinue oil shipments to the United States in 1973? A) The United States showed no favoritism in the Arab-Israeli Wars. B) The United States showed support for Israel and the Shah of Iran. C) The United States approved of Palestinian self-rule. D) The United States aided Egypt during the Yom Kippur War.
76) What was the main effect of the Arab oil embargo in 1973? A) decreased exportation of goods B) increased usage of gasoline C) increased costs of oil D) closing of nuclear power plants
77) What resulted from the increased prices of imported oil in the 1970s? A) trade deficits increased dramatically B) wages and salaries decreased C) gross domestic products returned to World War II levels D) exports went down dramatically
78) What action did President Richard Nixon take to oppose the 1973 Arab oil embargo? A) asked Congress to raise oil prices B) limited ownership of vehicles to one per family C) lowered the national speed limit to 40 miles per hour D) signed the Alaska Pipeline Act
79) Why was the Alaskan pipeline built? A) to create employment for Americans out of work B) to provide the United States with an additional source of oil C) to protect the natural resources of Alaska D) to supply natural gas to Canada
80) Most of the nations shown on the map are members of what international organization? A) Organization of American States B) European Common Market C) North Atlantic Treaty Organization D) Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
81) What best explains why the region shown on the map is important to the United States? A) United States nuclear testing is usually carried out in this region. B) All of the nations shown are allies of the United States. C) Most of the nations shown have large oil resources. D) These nations buy their imports exclusively from the United States.
82) What government action gives eighteen-year-olds the right to vote in federal and local elections? A) a state decree B) a constitutional amendment C) a Supreme Court decision D) a presidential order
83) What determines the minimum age for voting in presidential elections? A) the Constitution B) state governments C) political parties D) local authorities
84) What constitutional amendment extended voting rights to people aged 18 or older? A) 26th Amendment B) 19th Amendment C) 23rd Amendment D) 15th Amendment
85) In what year did the 26th Amendment lower the voting age to eighteen? A) 1992 B) 1971 C) 1920 D) 1961
86) Which group was most recently granted the right to vote? A) blacks B) women C) 18 year olds D) illegal aliens
87) What event during the Nixon administration was referred to by the headline? A) Cold War B) Vietnam Conflict C) visit to China D) Watergate
88) The Supreme Court's decision to allow the New York Times to publish the Pentagon Papers was based on A) the division of power B) the 1st Amendment C) states' rights D) the right of the president to absolute power
The debate over publishing the "Pentagon Papers" was settled by the United States Supreme Court. Which amendment to the federal Constitution did the Supreme Court consider in making its decision? A) 1st Amendment ("freedom of expression") B) 10th Amendment ("states' rights") C) 2nd Amendment ("right to bear arms") D) 23rd Amendment ("citizens in Washington, DC can vote in presidential elections")
What event forced the president in the newspaper headline to resign from the presidency? A) XYZ Affair B) Cuban Missile Crisis C) Iran Hostage Crisis D) Watergate Crisis
91) What event is linked with the downfall of the Nixon Administration? A) Whitewater Investigation B) Watergate break-in C) Bay of Pigs invasion D) Teapot Dome Scandal
92) What legislative power was most evident in the congressional Watergate hearings? A) approving appointments B) lawmaking C) investigating D) amending the Constitution
93) What president was forced to resign because of the Watergate Scandal? A) Spiro Agnew B) Bill Clinton C) Lyndon Johnson D) Richard Nixon
94) What was John Dean's testimony during the Watergate hearings? A) Nixon was framed by the Democratic Party and was innocent of any wrongdoing. B) Nixon planned the break-in and theft of information from the Democratic campaign office. C) Nixon engaged in a cover-up of the Watergate burglary to prevent it from being linked to the White House. D) Nixon personally shredded all memos and tapes about the Watergate incident.
95) What charge was brought against Vice President Spiro Agnew when he resigned from office? A) He took bribes from private individuals to support their specific interests. B) He headed the attempt to cover-up the Watergate scandal. C) He falsely accused the president of covering up the Watergate scandal. D) He planned the Watergate scheme to remove Richard Nixon from office.
Created by: creek23
 

 



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