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SS Chapter 10B


1) What was the purpose of the Civil Rights Act of 1957? A) to establish a civil rights commission to protect the right to vote B) to force the desegregation of schools C) to ensure equal rights for all races D) to guarantee that election ballots be printed in multiple languages
2) During the 1960s, Congress passed the most far-reaching laws in the area of A) federal aid to railroads B) civil rights C) banking reform D) sale of alcoholic beverages
3) In the 1960s and 1970s, Congress passed several civil rights laws because A) Congress was required to pass civil rights laws every five years B) few immigrants had civil rights C) the Constitution contained no civil rights provisions D) black Americans protested their lack of basic civil rights
) Which one of the following statements about the civil rights movement in the United States is most accurate? A) It has brought political and social gains for minority groups. B) It has changed the lives of blacks in the North but not in the South. C) It has not resulted in any changes in government policy. D) It did not change any of the racial discrimination laws in the South.
5) Which one of the following was a goal of the civil rights movement in the 1960s? A) setting age requirements for employment B) establishing poll taxes C) enforcing segregation in public places D) ending literacy tests for voting
6) With what movement is the song, "We Shall Overcome," most closely associated? A) labor union movement B) women's rights movement C) civil rights movement D) farm protest movement
7) In the 1960s, some unions were accused of A) discriminating against admitting members of minority groups B) favoring a longer work week C) being against wages and hours legislation D) encouraging child labor
8) What term best describes the actions by African-American leaders for equality in the 1960s? A) NOW movement B) AIM C) civil rights movement D) women's rights movement
9) Which one of the following statements most accurately describes the black civil rights movement of the 1960s? A) It resulted in blacks receiving United States citizenship. B) Black leaders were united in their approach to gaining rights. C) It marked the end of the struggle by blacks for equal rights. D) Black Americans gained in regard to employment and voting rights.
10) At what group of American citizens was the sign's message directed? A) Native Americans B) African Americans C) Asian Americans D) Mexican Americans
11) In which one of the following regions and time periods would this sign most likely have been found? A) in the West directly before World War I B) in the Midwest between 1880 and 1920 C) in the Southeast between 1920 and 1960 D) along the United States Southern border between 1950 and 1990
12) Which one of the following terms best describes the purpose of the sign? A) emancipation B) segregation C) assimilation D) nativism
13) What kind of laws required blacks to sit in separate sections on public buses? A) segregation B) affirmative action C) prohibition D) reverse discrimination
14) What courageous African American promoted the cause of civil rights by refusing to give up a bus seat to a white person? A) W.E.B. Du Bois B) Rosa Parks C) Martin Luther King, Jr. D) Malcolm X
15) What city's high school was forcefully integrated when President Dwight Eisenhower sent troops to insure black students were allowed to enter? A) Little Rock B) Birmingham C) New Orleans D) Montgomery
16) What governor attempted to prevent the integration of the University of Alabama? A) Huey Long B) Strom Thurmond C) George Wallace D) Thurgood Marshall
17) What president forced Governor George Wallace of Alabama to respect federal integration laws? A) Lyndon B. Johnson B) Harry S. Truman C) Richard Nixon D) John F. Kennedy
18) With which one of the following events was the newspaper headline most closely associated? A) start of the Cold War B) civil rights movement C) Harry S. Truman's use of the presidential veto D) end of the Reconstruction
19) In the newspaper headline, the Supreme Court's decision A) rejected integration B) upheld states' rights C) overturned Plessy v. Ferguson D) was generally welcomed by Southern state governments
20) Listed below are four significant United States Supreme Court decisions. Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) Brown v. Board of Education (1954) Bakke v. University of California (1978) What issue was common to all four of these decisions? A) racial discrimination B) unfair labor practices C) safety standards in industry D) the limits of presidential power
21) The Brown v. Board of Education decision, the Montgomery bus boycott, and the 1963 March on Washington were all efforts to A) protect freedom of speech as guaranteed by the Bill of Rights B) end the persecution of the McCarthy Era C) promote economic reform D) guarantee civil rights to all citizens of the United States
22) In the 1954 trial of Brown v. Board of Education, the United States Supreme Court ruled that A) racially segregated public schools are unconstitutional B) private schools should be controlled by the federal government C) issues of racial segregation should be decided by the states D) the "separate but equal" doctrine should be continued
23) What Supreme Court decision ended the idea of "separate but equal schools?" A) Marbury v. Madison B) Dred Scott decision C) Brown v. Board of Education D) Plessy v. Ferguso
24) What was the Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education? A) racially segregated schools were unequal B) education of white children was harmed by racially segregated schools C) segregating schools by race did not violate the 14th Amendment D) children showed higher test results in racially segregated schools
25) Which one of the following was the outcome of the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Supreme Court decision? A) civil disobedience was found to be an illegal form of protest B) segregation in the armed forces was discontinued C) the Montgomery bus boycotts were forced to end D) schools were ordered to be desegregated
26) The newspaper headline best reflects events associated with the A) Cold War B) strengthening of states' rights C) Red Scare of the 1950s D) civil rights movement
27) What activist African-American student enrolled in the all-white University of Mississippi? A) Medgar Evers B) James Meredith C) Martin Luther King, Jr. D) Rosa Parks
28) What method of protest did Martin Luther King, Jr. use to draw attention to racial injustices in the United States? A) legal lawsuits B) black power programs C) violent riots D) civil disobedience
29) What African-American leader developed the use of civil disobedience in an attempt to end discrimination from unjust laws? A) Malcolm X B) Mohammed Ali C) Martin Luther King, Jr. D) Thurgood Marsha
30) What civil rights leader promoted non-violent protests and led a famous March on Washington, DC in 1963? A) Nelson Mandela B) Jesse Jackson C) Martin Luther King, Jr. D) Mohandas Gandhi
31) What concept did Malcolm X reject in 1964? A) separation of black and white communities B) any possibility of cooperation between black and white C) Black Panthers' theories on racial relations D) non-violence efforts of Martin Luther King, Jr.
32) Which one of the following men helped to end segregation in professional baseball? A) Jackie Robinson B) Ralph Bunche C) Booker T. Washington D) George W. Carver
33) What was the goal of the Black Panthers? A) to turn American citizens against democracy B) to convince African Americans to support black power C) to gain equal pay for women D) to end violent civil rights protests
34) Which one of the following civil right concerns were indicated by the existence of such groups as the NAACP, the Black Panthers, the Black Muslims, CORE, and the Urban League? A) African Americans have become increasingly militant. B) Civil rights groups have fought for a separate homeland. C) African Americans do not agree on what methods to use to achieve racial equality. D) Discrimination against African Americans has increased.
35) What organization urged black Americans to be militant and fight to achieve equality? A) NAACP B) Black Panthers C) CORE D) Symbionese Liberation Army
36) How did Cesar Chavez help many Mexican Americans? A) by sponsoring a food stamps plan for farm workers B) by passing a law requiring bilingual education C) by establishing an amnesty program for illegal workers D) by setting up the farm workers' union
37) Who established the United Farm Workers Association in 1962 to help migrant farm workers? A) Coretta King B) Cesar Chavez C) Ferdinand Marcos D) Martin Luther King, Jr.
38) Which one of the following people worked toward improving working conditions for farm workers? A) Ferdinand Marcos B) Malcolm X C) Manuel Noriega D) Cesar Chavez
39) How did Cesar Chavez force farm owners to recognize the farm workers' labor union? A) He helped many migrant workers gain American citizenship. B) He instructed migrant workers set resisting farmers' fields on fire. C) He organized a nationwide boycott of farm products. D) He sued resisting farm owners and won in a court of law.
40) How did the Voting Rights Act of 1975 help many immigrants? A) It required election ballots to be printed in several languages. B) It created a political party to represent Spanish-speaking immigrants. C) It gave Latin and Mexican Americans the right to vote.
41) What 1953 domestic policy attempted to break up tribal governments and encourage Native Americans to leave the reservations? A) Indian Citizenship Act B) Fort Laramie Treaty C) termination D) Dawes Act
42) Which one of the following organizations called for better treatment of Native Americans? A) AIM B) CORE C) NAACP D) NATO
43) Why did Native American groups take over Alcatraz and Wounded Knee in the 1960s and 1970s? A) to protest the damage done to sacred Native lands B) to call attention to the problems of Native Americans C) to honor prominent Native American heroes D) to express opposition to nuclear weapons
44) Why did Native Americans occupy Wounded Knee in 1973? A) to demand voting rights for Native Americans B) to draw attention to the governments' failure to keep past promises C) to encourage the government to establish stricter limitations on immigration D) to protest changes in human rights policies
45) Native Americans seized the Indian reservation at Wounded Knee in 1973 to demand that A) Native Americans be granted all the rights of American citizenship B) the United States government provide free education and health care for Native Americans C) the United States government disband the reservation system D) all Native-American lands seized by treaty violations be returned
46) Topics such as the Seneca Falls Convention, suffragettes, and the Equal Rights Amendment would most likely be included in a discussion of the A) American Indian movement B) women's rights movement C) rights of immigrant groups D) black civil rights movement
47) World Wars I and II helped change the status of women in the United States because these wars led to A) a rise in the demand for nurses in the armed services B) large numbers of women attending college by using veterans' benefits C) heavy use of women in combat roles D) increases in employment opportunities for women
48) Which one of the following was a commonly held view of the role of women in the United States during the 1950s? A) Women should be mothers and homemakers. B) Women should become more active in politics. C) Women should earn the same amount of money as men. D) Women should obtain jobs in order to send their children to college.
49) How did technological advances help the women's liberation movement? A) Scientists wanted women to work with them. B) New household appliances helped to free women to seek jobs. C) Female technicians are paid more than male technicians. D) Women are better scientists than men.
50) The intent of which one of the following was to end gender discrimination in the workplace and education? A) Economic Opportunity Act B) affirmative action C) women's rights movement D) the SALT agreement
51) Which action did Congress take to meet the demands of the women's rights movement in the mid-1960s? A) prohibiting job discrimination against women B) providing minimum wage legislation for women C) integrating public schools D) creating a government sponsored program for daycare
52) What was a key idea presented by Betty Friedan in The Feminine Mystique? A) Women were hindered from gaining employment. B) Women should not seek to change their role in society. C) The National Organization for Women was harmful to women's rights. D) Employers should only hire single women.
53) In the 1960s and 1970s, a person who wore a button with the symbol would probably have been interested in A) urban renewal B) gun control C) student rights D) the women's liberation movement
54) The girls in the cartoon most likely felt that A) male athletes had greater athletic ability than female athletes B) girls were forced to compete with boys C) female athletes and male athletes were not given the same respect D) girls were legally prevented from participating in most school sports
55) What was the main point of the cartoon? A) Females and males were given equal treatment in society. B) Females did not have athletic ability. C) It was unfeminine for women to participate in athletics. D) Stereotypes of male and female roles existed in society.
Created by: creek23



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