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SS Chapter 9C

practice

QuestionAnswer
1) Who became the dictator of the Soviet Union after Vladimir Lenin's death? A) Leon Trotsky B) Josef Stalin C) Leonid Brezhnev D) Nikita Khrushchev Josef Stalin
2) What term best describes a leader who has complete power over his nation (such as Benito Mussolini)? A) dictator B) president C) diplomat D) constitutional monarch dictator
3) By what nickname was Benito Mussolini known? A) Der Fuehrer B) Might Fascist C) Italian Unifier D) Il Duce Il Duce
4) Benito Mussolini's fascist movement combined elements of which political philosophies? A) communism and militarism B) socialism and communism C) imperialism and democracy D) nationalism and socialism nationalism and socialism
5) Italian fascism was made possible by all of the following except A) poor economic conditions B) a threat to communism C) a desire for a Parliamentary government D) intense nationalism a desire for a Parliamentary government
6) Who was Francisco Franco? A) He led the revolt against the fascist Spanish government. B) He ran Hitler's propaganda machine. C) He aided Mussolini in establishing a fascist regime in Italy. D) He led the revolution in Spain and established a fascist dictatorship. He led the revolution in Spain and established a fascist dictatorship.
7) What government preceded Germany's Third Reich? A) Weimar Republic B) Empire of Germany C) Peoples Republic D) Socialist Republic Weimar Republic
8) What dictator attempted to correct the "injustices" of the Versailles Treaty? A) Hideki Tojo B) Josef Stalin C) Adolf Hitler D) Benito Mussolini Adolf Hitler
9) Who created and led the National Socialist Workers Party in Germany in the 1930s? A) V.I. Lenin B) Adolph Hitler C) Benito Mussolini D) Josef Stalin Adolf Hitler
10) What type of government did Adolf Hitler create in Nazi Germany? A) monarchy B) totalitarian C) democratic D) oligarchy totalitarian
11) In 1938 and 1939, what foreign policy of yielding to Rome-Berlin Axis demands did Great Britain and France follow in order to preserve peace? A) isolationism B) neutrality C) appeasement D) annexation appeasement
12) At what meeting did Britain and France attempt to appease Adolf Hitler? A) Atlantic Conference B) Munich Conference C) Congress of Vienna D) Berlin Conference Munich Conference
13) How did the Munich Conference serve as an example of appeasement? A) Benito Mussolini was given control of Ethiopia. B) Japanese aggression in Asia was halted. C) Adolf Hitler was given land in order to prevent war. D) The League of Nations acted to stop Adolf Hitler. Adolf Hitler was given land in order to prevent war.
14) Great Britain and France's policy of appeasement attempt to satisfy what desire of Adolf Hitler? A) communist spread into Nazi Germany B) international cooperation of the League of Nations C) territorial expansion D) development of Germany's armed forces territorial expansion
15) What agreement was formed between Germany and Russia in 1939? A) Nazi-Soviet Pact B) Lend-Lease Agreement C) Axis Alliance D) Kellogg-Briand Pact Nazi-Soviet Pact
16) What agreement allowed Adolf Hitler to use force against Poland without fear of Soviet opposition? A) Kellogg-Briand Pact B) Versailles Treaty C) Munich Conference D) Nazi-Soviet Pact Nazi-Soviet Pact
Questions 17 and 18 refer to the following: (1) Benito Mussolini (2) Winston Churchill (3) Franklin D. Roosevelt (4) Adolf Hitler 354691d4 - Page 2 17) Which pair of wartime figures listed above were Axis leaders in World War II? A) 1 and 3 B) 3 and 4 C) 2 and 3 D) 1 and 4 1 and 4
Questions 17 and 18 refer to the following: (1) Benito Mussolini (2) Winston Churchill (3) Franklin D. Roosevelt (4) Adolf Hitler 18) Which pair of wartime figures listed above were Allied leaders in World War II? A) 2 and 3 B) 3 and 4 C) 1 and 4 D) 1 and 3 2 and 3
19) Which one of the following nations was not an aggressor in the 1930s? A) Italy B) England C) Japan D) Germany England
20) What was Japan's plan for Asia in the 1930s? A) to prevent China from being divided into spheres of influence B) to stop German aggression in the region C) to represent Asian interests in the League of Nations D) to take over areas where natural resources were available to take over areas where natural resources were available
21) The newspaper headline is most closely associated with what event? A) Korean War B) start of the Cold War C) onset of World War II D) start of World War I onset of World War II
22) War first erupted in what area in the 1930s? A) Manchuria B) Austria-Hungary C) Germany D) Nicaragua Manchuria
23) What was an example of Japanese aggression in the 1930s? A) opening of concentration camps B) attack on Poland C) invasion of Ethiopia D) invasion of Manchuria invasion of Manchuria
24) What term best describes Japan's act of invasion of Manchuria in the 1930s? A) aggression B) neutrality C) appeasement D) isolationism aggression
25) How did the United States respond to the Japanese invasion of French Indochina? A) an armed force was sent to Thailand B) exportation of fuel to Japan was outlawed C) war was declared on Japan D) all diplomatic relations with Japan were cut off exportation of fuel to Japan was outlawed
26) What event caused Britain and France to declare war on Germany in 1939? A) the invasion of Poland B) the signing of the Munich Settlement C) the bombing of London D) an alliance with the Soviet Union the invasion of Poland
27) What was an immediate cause of World War II? A) relentless German air raids on Great Britain B) invasion of Poland by Germany C) Benito Mussolini's invasion of Ethiopia D) collapse of the French government invasion of Poland by Germany
28) In the spring of 1940, Adolf Hitler took only two months to conquer A) all of Eastern Europe B) Italy, Spain, and the Balkan States C) Hawaii and Japan D) Denmark, Norway, France, and the Netherlands Denmark, Norway, France, and the Netherlands
29) Who did the Japanese government ally with in September of 1940? A) Russia B) China C) Germany and Italy D) French Indochina Germany and Italy
30) European Jews and other groups were killed in large numbers by Nazi Germany during World War II. Which term refers to this situation? A) blitzkrieg B) Holocaust C) appeasement D) containment Holocaust
31) Which is an example of genocide? A) North Vietnamese invasion of South Vietnam in 1975 B) imprisonment of Japanese-Americans during World War II C) killing of six million Jews by the Nazis during World War II D) discrimination against women in employment throughout United States history killing of six million Jews by the Nazis during World War II
32) The killing millions of Jews by the Nazis during World War II was called A) the Holocaust B) D‑Day C) the Dust Bowl D) a Black Plague the Holocaust
33) Many Americans who lived during World War II probably have the most bitter memories about which one of the following symbols? A) moon B) jewish star C) russion symbol D) nazi symbol D
34) What was the goal of the isolationists in Congress in the 1930s? A) to act to stop aggression in Europe B) to continue the Good Neighbor policy C) to stay neutral in European and Asian conflicts D) to solve the economic problems of the Great Depression to stay neutral in European and Asian conflicts
35) What was the major reason for United States neutrality in the 1930s? A) military and naval superiority of Great Britain B) belief in the domino theory C) disillusionment resulting from World War I D) strong approval of European politics disillusionment resulting from World War I
36) What was the United States' position at the outbreak of World War II? A) American planes and pilots were shipped to aid Britain. B) The United States remained neutral. C) The United States favored the Axis Powers. D) The United States declared war on Germany. The United States remained neutral.
37) At the outbreak of hostilities in both World War I and World War II in Europe, what did American public opinion generally favor? A) remaining neutral B) entering the war on the Allied side C) increasing imperialistic opportunities D) settling the conflict through international peace organizations remaining neutral
38) man sitting in chaIR CUTTING WORLD IN HALF Who did the man in the chair represent? A) a carpenter B) an isolationist C) an explorer D) an industrialist an isolationist
39) What did the cartoonist intend the halved-globe to represent? A) Deforestation was affecting the world's ozone layer. B) The world was clearly half-industrialized. C) Pollution was destroying the world. D) Isolationists had an incomplete perspective of the world. Isolationists had an incomplete perspective of the world.
40) What was the intent of the Neutrality Acts of 1935 and 1937? A) to provide loans to nations at war B) to restrain aggression through government action C) to allow Americans to sell arms to the Allied and Axis powers D) to avoid American involvement in a European conflict to avoid American involvement in a European conflict
41) What provision was set by the United States Neutrality Act of 1935? A) That Americans could not sell arms to countries at war. B) That Americans could only sell arms to the Axis Powers. C) That Americans could sell arms only to the Allies. D) That Americans must refrain from trade with Latin America. That Americans could not sell arms to countries at war.
42) What foreign policy program allowed the sale of American airplanes and war supplies to the Allies at the beginning of World War II? A) V‑J Day B) Neutrality Act C) Lend Lease Act D) United Nations Charter Lend Lease Act
43) Why was the United States called the "Arsenal of Democracy" during World War II? A) The United States protected freedom of the seas. B) The United States attempted to supply free countries with war equipment. C) The United States prepared for surprise attacks. D) The United States brought in displaced persons. The United States attempted to supply free countries with war equipment.
44) Which one of the following phrases is associated with the Lend-Lease Act? A) " an arsenal of democracy" B) " a day that will never be forgotten" C) " the war to end the world" D) " never give up, never surrender" " an arsenal of democracy"
45) What two nations issued the Atlantic Charter? A) Britain and the United States B) Germany and the Soviet Union C) France and Britain D) Japan and the United States Britain and the United States
46) What was the purpose of the Atlantic Charter? A) to form blocades of enemy ports B) to cease German aggression on the high seas C) to withdraw English and American naval ships D) to promote economic cooperation and freedom of the seas to promote economic cooperation and freedom of the seas
47) The most immediate result of the attack on Pearl Harbor was that the United States A) continued their neutrality policy B) launched the D‑Day invasion C) declared war on Japan D) bombed Hiroshima declared war on Japan
48) Until the invasion of Pearl Harbor, Japanese aggression mainly occurred in A) the North Atlantic B) the Southwest Pacific C) Hawaii D) Russia the Southwest Pacific
49) What event was the immediate cause of the entrance of the United States into World War II? A) appearance of German submarines in New York Harbor B) Hitler's conquest of France C) invasion of Poland by Soviet Russia D) Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor
50) What resulted from Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor? A) Congress voted to remain neutral. B) America became involved in World War II. C) Japanese Americans were deported to Japan. D) American women were trained to become soldiers. America became involved in World War II.
51) What caused the United States to enter World War II? A) German attack on Poland B) Japanese invasion of Manchuria C) Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor D) Italy invasion of the Soviet Union Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
52) The United States became involved in World War II mainly to A) stop aggression by Germany and Japan B) prevent the spread of Soviet military powers C) obtain overseas colonies D) secure more markets for manufactured goods stop aggression by Germany and Japan
53) What event did Franklin D. Roosevelt call "a date which will live in infamy?" A) use of the atomic bomb at Hiroshima B) D‑Day C) invasion of France D) attack on Pearl Harbor attack on Pearl Harbor
54) Who was the heroic leader of Britain during World War II? A) Winston Churchill B) Charles de Gaulle C) David Lloyd George D) Neville Chamberlain Winston Churchill
55) What term best describes the constant bombing of London by the German air force during World War II? A) airlift B) blitz C) holocaust D) blackout blitz
56) What name was given to the lightning war of Germany during World War II? A) D‑Day B) liebenstraum C) blitzkrieg D) Operation Overlord blitzkrieg
57) What nation developed the blitzkrieg form of warfare that relied on speed and terror? A) USSR B) Great Britain C) Germany D) Italy Germany
58) On what nation was the blitzkrieg form of warfare first used? A) Poland B) France C) USSR D) Great Britain Poland
59) Which one of the following best describes the Battle of Britain? A) German attack on trade routes in the North Sea B) Allied attack on Northern Europe at Normandy C) air battles fought between Great Britain and Germany to gain supremacy of the air D) German submarine attacks on British ships in the English Channel air battles fought between Great Britain and Germany to gain supremacy of the air
60) Man holding two rockets from connecting between FDR and Churchill What period in United States history was represented by the cartoon? A) World War I B) Cold War C) Industrial Revolution D) World War II World War II
61) Who does the man in the cartoon represent? A) Douglas MacArthur B) Winston Churchill C) Adolf Hitler D) Benito Mussolini Adolf Hitler
62) Which one of the following best describes the theme of the cartoon? A) By working together, Britain and the United States could defeat Germany. B) The United States was considering withdrawing from the war. C) Germany was demolishing Britain with its blitzkrieg tactics. D) Britain and the United States were developing nuclear weapons together. By working together, Britain and the United States could defeat Germany.
63) In 1940, what major Allied military action in Northern Europe prevented a quick German victory and saved many Allied troops? A) siege of Casablanca B) evacuation of Dunkirk C) invasion of Normandy D) Battle of the Bulge evacuation of Dunkirk
64) What leader directed Operation Overlord in Europe? A) Douglas MacArthur B) Dwight D. Eisenhower C) Harry S. Truman D) Winston Churchill Dwight D. Eisenhower
65) What occurred during D‑Day? A) Britain attacked Germany by way of Italy. B) The Allies demanded the surrender of Hitler. C) The United States used the atomic bomb for the first time. D) The Allies launched a surprise invasion on the coast of France. The Allies launched a surprise invasion on the coast of France.
66) What was the strategic purpose of the D‑Day invasions? A) to develop of a second front against Germany in Northern Europe B) to allow the Allied forces to test new weaponry C) to end the Axis aggression in North Africa D) to force Italy to surrender to develop of a second front against Germany in Northern Europe
67) Who was the World War II American general who promised the people of the Philippines "I shall return?" A) Dwight Eisenhower B) George S. Patton C) Douglas MacArthur D) John Pershing Douglas MacArthur
68) What effect did the battles of Midway and El Alamein and the invasion of Italy have on the war? A) It led to the withdrawal of D‑Day troops. B) It strengthened the Allied advances against the Axis Powers. C) It caused Allied withdrawals throughout the world. D) It led to the downfall of Hitler, Mussolini, and Hirohito. It strengthened the Allied advances against the Axis Powers.
69) Losing what World War II battle forced the Japanese military to fight a defensive war? A) Philippines B) Normandy C) Wake Island D) Midway Midway
70) Why did military forces use an "island-hopping" strategy during World War II? A) to help the British defend the British Isles B) to protect Hawaii from another attack C) to secure bases from which to attack Japan D) to concentrate on the destruction of the four big Japanese islands to secure bases from which to attack Japan
71) What term best describes the Allied plan to advance in the Pacific toward Japan? A) airlifting B) blitzing C) strategic withdrawal D) island hopping island hopping
72) What was the purpose of the American strategy of island hopping during World War II? A) to release American prisoners of war B) to bring about the collapse of Adolf Hitler's Germany C) to establish locations from which to attack Japan D) to launch an atomic bomb attack to establish locations from which to attack Japan
73) What did the cartoonist indicate would significantly help the United States win World War II? A) selling ammunitions to other nations B) great technological developments C) efficient presidential leadership D) unity among the races unity among the races
74) What did American women do to aid the war effort during World War II? A) worked in war industries B) performed active duty in the military C) moved to agricultural regions to grow adequate food supplies D) served as airforce pilots worked in war industries
75) What happened to African Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Japanese Americans who entered the military in World War II? A) They had few opportunities to serve their country. B) They served admirably despite discrimination. C) They were not allowed in the armed services. D) They could only serve in the Pacific. They served admirably despite discrimination.
76) How did the role of women change during World War II? A) Women were allowed to join and fight in the military. B) Large numbers of women enrolled in colleges to further their careers. C) Even more women began to work in factories and industry. D) Men encouraged women to run for political offices. Even more women began to work in factories and industry.
77) During World War II, what was the main reason for the change in women's roles? A) labor shortages B) ratification of an equal rights amendment C) a strong belief in democracy D) the publication of a few influential books labor shortages
78) During World War II, many workers in the United States A) were paid higher wages B) became federal government employees C) used their right to strike D) worked fewer hours per week were paid higher wages
79) The relocation of Japanese-Americans into camps in the United States during World War II could best be described as A) an act of Congress B) a reaction to wartime fears C) an illegal way of recruiting workers D) a voluntary action by the Japanese-Americans a reaction to wartime fears
80) During World War II, what group of Americans was required to move to relocation camps? A) Native Americans B) Italian Americans C) Irish Americans D) Japanese Americans Japanese Americans
81) What term best describes the limitations set by the United States government on civilian purchasing of some products during times of war? A) appeasement B) suffrage C) rationing D) internment rationing
82) How did the Office of Price Administration aid the World War II effort? A) It coordinated the activities of the armed forces. B) It created a system of rationing for scarce goods. C) It established higher wage for skilled workers. D) It limited the sale of war bonds. It created a system of rationing for scarce goods.
83) In which one of the following ways did the United States government change during World War II? A) The government's intervention in the economy increased. B) The government increased its efforts to end the depression. C) The government stopped regulating production. D) The government took control of the employment of women who worked in factories. The government's intervention in the economy increased.
84) How did the United States government encourage civilians to finance World War II? A) through a GI Bill B) by selling Liberty Bonds C) by allowing women to working in munitions factories D) by rationing goods by selling Liberty Bonds
85) Which one of the following states contained a secret lab that developed atomic weapons during World War II? A) California B) Arizona C) Colorado D) New Mexico New Mexico
86) The Manhattan Project was involved in A) building the World Trade Centers in New York City B) fighting in the Korean Conflict C) creating the first atomic bomb D) implementing the Marshall Plan creating the first atomic bomb
87) What powerful secret weapon did the United States use in August 1945? A) blitzkrieg B) neutron bomb C) bunker bomb D) atomic bomb atomic bomb
88) Who made the final decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan? A) Franklin D. Roosevelt B) Harry S. Truman C) Douglas MacArthur D) Winston Churchill Harry S. Truman
89) What action Harry S. Truman take to end World War II? A) established the Truman Doctrine B) invaded Japan C) negotiated with the Axis Powers D) used the atomic bomb used the atomic bomb
90) What was the name of the B‑52 bomber that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima during World War II? A) Tuskegee B) Spirit of St. Louis C) Enola Gay D) Lucky Lindy Enola Gay
91) What was the purpose of the Potsdam Declaration? A) to set up the League of Nations B) to denounce the Holocaust C) to declare war on the Axis powers D) to notify Japan to surrender or face destruction to notify Japan to surrender or face destruction
92) How did the Allies plan to control Germany after the collapse of the Nazi regime in 1945? A) The Allies allowed the Soviets to assume complete control over Germany. B) The Allies developed a zone of occupation for each of the four allies. C) The Allies forced Germany to join the European Union. D) The Allies denied Germany the aid of the European Recovery Plan. The Allies developed a zone of occupation for each of the four allies.
93) What was the purpose of the Nuremberg trials? A) to try Nazi leaders for war crimes B) to save Jews from the Holocaust C) to impose a death sentence on Adolf Hitler D) to begin the invasion of Germany to try Nazi leaders for war crimes
94) Why were the Nuremberg trials held? A) to justify the bombing of Hiroshima B) to punish Nazis accused of war crimes C) to end the Holocaust D) to decide how much Germany should pay for the war to punish Nazis accused of war crimes
95) Which one of the following situations was a result of both World War I and World War II? A) establishment of permanent democratic governments in Eastern Europe B) establishment of international organizations controlled by the United States C) spread of communism in Europe D) continued disputes among nations continued disputes among nations
Created by: creek23
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