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SS Chapter 8B

practice

QuestionAnswer
1) Which one of the following conclusions can be made from an analysis of United States foreign policy between the Civil War and World War I? A) The United States did not get involved in the affairs of other nations. B) The United States did not want to gain new territory. C) The United States became more involved in international affairs. D) The United States used military force against every nation it visited. The United States became more involved in international affairs.
2) What country did Japan go to war against in 1904? A) Germany B) England C) United States D) Russia Russia
3) What nation won the Russo-Japanese War in 1905? A) Russia B) United States C) Japan D) Germany Japan
4) The Russo-Japanese war ended when A) Russia ceded Korean territory to Japan B) the two sides agreed to a peace agreement arranged by the United States C) Japan gave up Manchuria to the Russians D) the United States deployed warships and threatened to attack the two sides agreed to a peace agreement arranged by the United States
5) Why was President Theodore Roosevelt awarded the Nobel Prize? A) for building the Panama Canal B) for reducing America's role in world affairs C) for his efforts in ending the Russo-Japanese War D) for increasing the American share of world trade for his efforts in ending the Russo-Japanese War
What United States' president won the Nobel Peace Prize for helping end an Asiatic war? A) James Monroe B) George Washington C) Theodore Roosevelt D) William McKinley Theodore Roosevelt
7) What resulted from America's Far East policies between 1900 and 1914? A) increased Japanese resentment toward the United States B) Chinese nationalism and unity C) German expansion into the Orient D) Korean division and eventual war increased Japanese resentment toward the United States
8) What event in the early 1900s signified that Japan had become a major world power? A) Sino-Japanese War B) World War I C) Open Door Policy D) Russo-Japanese War Russo-Japanese War
9) Who was the democratic reformer in Mexico who began the Mexican Revolution in 1910? A) Porfirio Diaz B) Victoriano Huerta C) Venustiano Carranza D) Francisco Madero Francisco Madero
0) United States marines prevented Victoriano Huerta of Mexico from receiving military supplies from which country? A) Germany B) Columbia C) Japan D) Russia Germany
11) What president had a policy of "watchful waiting" toward Mexico? A) Theodore Roosevelt B) Woodrow Wilson C) William Taft D) William McKinley Woodrow Wilson
12) In 1916, what event increased Mexican resentment toward the United States? A) sinking of the USS Maine B) seizure of Mexico City C) Woodrow Wilson's election D) military intervention in Northern Mexico military intervention in Northern Mexico
13) In 1916, why did President Woodrow Wilson send troops into Mexico? A) Mexican revolutionaries raided an American town. B) Mexico attempted to overtake the Panama Canal. C) Mexico threatened to retake Texas and California. D) Mexico made treaties with American enemies. Mexican revolutionaries raided an American town.
14) Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan tried to implement the idea of moral diplomacy by A) proposing a series of "cooling off" treaties B) sending the USS Dolphin to Mexico C) supporting Pancho Villa in the Mexican civil war D) negotiating the Treaty of Portsmouth sending the USS Dolphin to Mexico
15) What Mexican rebel leader raided New Mexico in 1916? A) Bernardo O'Higgins B) Pancho Villa C) Fidel Castro D) Benito Juarez Pancho Villa
16) With whom did the United States Expeditionary force continue to fight even after recognizing the presidency of Venustiano Carranza? A) Pancho Villa B) Porfirio Diaz C) Francisco Modero D) Emilio Zapata Pancho Villa
17) What was a basic characteristic of United States foreign policy from 1790 until the beginning of World War I? A) joining alliances against communism in Asia B) non-involvement in European wars C) interference among African nations D) playing the role of the world's policeman non-involvement in European wars
18) What did President Woodrow Wilson ask of the American people at the start of World War I? A) to fight on the side of the Allies B) to sponsor the League of Nations C) to boycott German-made products D) to stay neutral in the European conflict to stay neutral in the European conflict
19) What was the United States' response to the beginning of World War I? A) to issue the Truman Doctrine B) to declare war on Germany C) to remain neutral D) to join the Allies to remain neutral
20) How did the United States benefit from remaining neutral in World War I? A) The United States profited from the sales of wartime supplies to the Allies. B) The United States built ships for the Central Powers. C) The United States was able to hire out troops to both the Allies and the Central Powers. D) Many skilled Europeans emigrated to the United States to escape the fighting. The United States profited from the sales of wartime supplies to the Allies.
21) What is the German term for emperor? A) king B) kaiser C) caesar D) czar kaiser
22) What was the immediate cause of World War I in 1914? A) Woodrow Wilson's assertion of United States neutrality B) sinking of the Lusitania C) Senate rejection of the League of Nations D) assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
23) Whose assassination in Sarajevo led to the start of World War I? A) Kaiser Wilhelm B) Gavrilo Princip C) Franz Ferdinand D) Czar Nicholas Franz Ferdinand
24) What event sparked the beginning of World War I? A) the attack on Franz Ferdinand by the Black Hand B) the sinking of the Lusitania C) the beginning of the Russian Revolution D) the Battle of the Bulge the attack on Franz Ferdinand by the Black Hand
25) Which one of the following developments in Europe was a result of the other three? A) formation of alliances B) power struggles between nations C) outbreak of World War I D) growth of intense nationalism outbreak of World War I
26) Which one of the following was a cause of World War I? A) pacifism B) states' rights C) the alliance system D) a trade imbalance the alliance system
27) In 1914, which one of the following was not a member of the Central Powers? A) Germany B) Austria C) Italy D) France France
28) In 1914, which one of the following nations was not a member of the Allies? A) Germany B) France C) Great Britain D) Russia Germany
29) What World War I group was known as the Big Four? A) Triple Alliance B) Allied Powers C) League of Nations D) Central Powers Allied Powers
30) What group did France side with in 1914? A) Allied Powers B) remained neutral C) Central Powers Allied Powers
31) What group did Russia side with in 1914? A) Central Powers B) Allied Powers C) remained neutral Allied Powers
32) What group did Germany side with in 1914? A) remained neutral B) Allied Powers C) Central Powers Central Powers
33) What group did Austria-Hungary side with in 1914? A) Allied Powers B) Central Powers C) remained neutral Central Powers
34) What group did Spain side with in 1914? A) remained neutral B) Allied Powers C) Central Powers remained neutral
35) What group did England side with in 1914? A) remained neutral B) Central Powers C) Allied Powers Allied Powers
36) What group did the Ottoman Empire side with in 1914? A) Allied Powers B) Central Powers C) remained neutral Central Powers
37) What group did the United States side with in World War I? A) Central Powers B) Allied Powers C) remained neutral Allied Powers
38) Why was the conflict between 1914 to 1918 classified as a World War? A) Many technological improvements were made in military weapons. B) Most nations supported Germany against the Allies. C) The fighting occurred in more than one nation. D) Germany hired trained troops from all over the world. The fighting occurred in more than one nation.
39) Who was the president of the United States during World War I? A) Herbert Hoover B) William Howard Taft C) William McKinley D) Woodrow Wilson Woodrow Wilson
0) In United States history, the periods before the War of 1812 and World War I are similar because in both periods A) France and Great Britain were enemies B) the United States tried to maintain neutral C) the United States tried to save France from defeat D) Great Britain captured American sailors the United States tried to maintain neutral
41) Throughout United States history, which has been most characteristic of United States foreign policy? A) moving between periods of isolationism and periods of involvement in world affairs B) supporting revolutionary movements in Western Europe C) maintaining large standing armies D) refusing to join any international organizations moving between periods of isolationism and periods of involvement in world affairs
42) After war broke out in Europe in 1914, what event increased tensions between the United States and Germany? A) President Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points B) United States Senate's rejection of the Treaty of Versailles C) United States military aid to the Allied Forces D) Zimmermann Telegram Zimmermann Telegram
43) The Zimmermann Note aimed to involve the United States in a war with what countries? A) Germany and Mexico B) Germany and Panama C) Italy and Mexico D) Mexico and France Germany and Mexico
44) The Zimmermann Telegram brought the United States close to war against which one of the following countries? A) Russia B) Britain C) Germany D) Italy Germany
45) In the cartoon, what nation was represented by the man on the left with the pointed helmet? A) Germany B) France C) Italy D) Spain Germany
46) In the cartoon, what nation was represented by the man on the right with the large-rimmed hat? A) Canada B) Mexico C) Spain D) France Mexico
47) What event was being referred to in the cartoon? A) Kellogg-Briand Pact B) sinking of the Lusitania C) Wilson's Fourteen Points D) Zimmermann Note Zimmermann Note
48) What period in American history did the cartoon represent? A) World War II B) Mexican War C) World War I D) Progressive Era World War I
49) The sinking of the Lusitania was a cause for the entrance of the United States into A) the Korean Conflict B) World War I C) the Spanish American War D) World War II World War I
50) What event challenged the United States' policy of neutrality during World War I? A) Bolshevik Revolution B) election of 1916 C) sinking of the Lusitania D) Battle of the Marne sinking of the Lusitania
51) How did President Woodrow Wilson respond to the sinking of the Lusitania? A) He sent troops to protect the American borders between Canada and Mexico. B) He refused help to Britain. C) He called for a declaration of war. D) He warned Germany to respect the rights of neutral nations. He warned Germany to respect the rights of neutral nations.
52) The incidents involving the Sussex and the Lusitania centered on A) the use of chemical warfare B) the rights of neutrals C) British violations of American rights D) trench warfare the rights of neutrals
53) What period in American history did the cartoon represent? A) War of 1812 B) Cold War C) World War I D) Progressive Era World War I
54) What German threat does the cartoon reference? A) submarine warfare B) nuclear warfare C) invasion of France D) blitzkrieg submarine warfare
55) In 1914, what did Foreign Secretary Edward Lord Grey mean when he uttered, "The lamps are going out all over Europe. We shall not see them lit again in our lifetime?" A) Many new technological advancements would be discovered during World War I. B) Much of the fighting would spread to the United States. C) World War I would be a long conflict. World War I would be a long conflict.
56) Toward which one of the following did American public opinion and sympathy shift by April 1917? A) Turks B) Germans C) Central Powers D) Allies Allies
57) Between August 1914 and April 1917, what did United States banks and citizens decide to do? A) They closed themselves to all foreign banks and banking. B) They forgave any debts owed to the United States. C) They decided to lend millions of dollars to the Allies. D) They supported both the Allies and the Central Powers equally. They decided to lend millions of dollars to the Allies.
58) What effect did American military intervention have on the outcome of World War I? A) It offered a strong military advantage to the Allies. B) It caused many nations to lose respect for the United States. C) It became a strong military advantage for the Central Powers. D) It prolonged the conflict. It offered a strong military advantage to the Allies.
59) What nickname was given to the American soldiers in World War I? A) GIs B) Trenchers C) Storm Troopers D) Doughboys Doughboys
60) What name was given to the United States army sent to France to fight in World War I? A) National Liberation Front B) 82nd Airborne C) American Expeditionary Force D) Lafayette Escadrille American Expeditionary Force
61) What general led the American Expeditionary Forces in France during World War I? A) Douglas MacArthur B) John J. Pershing C) Dwight D. Eisenhower D) George S. Patton John J. Pershing
62) Where did Americans do most of the fighting in World War I? A) in the air B) in Western Europe C) on the oceans D) in Eastern Europe in Western Europe
63) The combat during World War I was distinctive in that it was mainly fought A) in the trenches B) with diplomacy C) in the air D) on the Atlantic Ocean in the trenches
64) What fact about World War I did the artist portray in the cartoon? A) Russia, Italy, and the United States had superior weapons. B) Belgium, Poland, and Serbia willingly joined with Germany. C) England and France protected themselves by not getting involved. D) Germany invaded and took over many small European countries. Germany invaded and took over many small European countries.
65) In the World War I cartoon, what country was represented by the snake? A) Russia B) Poland C) Germany D) United States Germany
66) What commonly-held opinion was presented by the World War I cartoon? A) Germany fed on weaker nations to get stronger. B) The Allies fought with swords and shields. C) Germany was afraid of strength of the Allies. D) Germany was hungry for civilization. Germany fed on weaker nations to get stronger.
67) Which one of the following nations might have used the cartoon for propaganda? A) United States and England B) Austria-Hungary and France C) Germany and Poland D) Belgium and Russia United States and England
68) In the cartoon, the cartoonist created the impression that the Allied powers were A) negotiating peace B) more powerful than Germany C) less humane during wartime D) saving civilization saving civilization
69) During World War I, what two nations exhibited militarism by entering into a competition to achieve the best navy? A) Britain and Germany B) Russia and Austria-Hungary C) Italy and Serbia D) France and Russia Britain and Germany
70) How did women contribute to the war efforts in World War I? A) by joining the army B) by working in factories C) by learning to translate German codes D) by training new troops by working in factories
71) What were "Meatless Mondays" and "Wheatless Wednesdays" an example of during World War I? A) appeasement B) civilian protests C) Liberty bonds D) rationing rationing
72) What was the chief method used by the United States to raise money during World War I? A) contributions from the American people B) raises in taxes C) collecting interest on money loaned to foreign countries D) sales of Liberty and Victory Bonds sales of Liberty and Victory Bonds
73) The poster urged Americans to help by providing A) money B) water C) medicine D) food money
74) What was the United States involved in at the time the poster appeared? A) a depression B) a famine C) a war D) a presidential election a war
75) What was the main idea of the poster below? A) Trench warfare on the Western Front led to large casualty and death rates. B) Many soldiers in the United States military had a drinking problem. C) Prohibition was a major goal for the United States during World War I. D) Patriotic appeals were used to gain support for the Prohibition movement. Patriotic appeals were used to gain support for the Prohibition movement.
76) What was one major result of the United States involvement in World War I? A) The United States formed a close relationship with the Soviet Union. B) The United States gained control of Europe's natural resources. C) The United States was established as a world power. D) The United States gained large amounts of territory in Europe. The United States was established as a world power.
77) What political group took over power in Russia in November of 1917? A) Socialists B) Bolsheviks C) Mensheviks D) Nazis Bolsheviks
78) What leader brought the Bolsheviks to power in Russia in 1917? A) Karl Marx B) Josef Stalin C) V.I. Lenin D) Arthur Zimmermann V.I. Lenin
79) What did Russia do after the Bolsheviks took power in 1917? A) made a treaty with Germany to withdraw from the war B) signed the Versailles Treaty C) supplied Germany with wartime provisions D) fought with the Central Powers made a treaty with Germany to withdraw from the war
80) What two nations signed the treaty of Brest-Litovsk which ended their fighting in World War I? A) United States and Germany B) England and France C) Austria and Russia D) Germany and Russia Germany and Russia
81) What was the United States government's immediate reaction to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk? A) The treaty was welcomed by the United States. B) United States troops invaded several Soviet areas. C) The United States withdrew from the war. D) The United States increased aid to the Communists. United States troops invaded several Soviet areas.
82) What impact did the Bolshevik Russian Revolutions have on U.S.‑Russian relations? A) The United States promptly recognized the new communist government. B) The United States welcomed the end of the Romanov Dynasty. C) American investors increased investments in Russian exports. D) Relations between the two nations deteriorated. Relations between the two nations deteriorated.
83) What time period do the events in the newspaper headline refer? A) 1933-1938 B) 1918-1923 C) 1910-1915 D) 1943-1948 1918-1923
84) Which one of the following was a cease-fire agreement that stopped the fighting of World War I on November 11, 1918? A) treaty B) peace pact C) diplomatic protocol D) armistice armistice
85) What does the term "disarmament" mean? A) to decrease a nation's war weapons B) to take back the lands conquered during a war C) to maintain the size of a nation's current military D) to make a nation assume the responsibility for the costs of a war to decrease a nation's war weapons
86) After World War I, the Treaty of Versailles required Germany to pay A) rebates B) interest C) reparations D) dividends reparations
87) Who was the French representative that helped develop the Treaty of Versailles (1919)? A) Louis Richealeu B) Charles de Gaulle C) Georges Clemenceau D) David Lloyd George Georges Clemenceau
88) What nation was required to accept responsibility and pay reparations for World War I? A) Austria B) Germany C) Serbia D) Russia Germany
89) How was the Treaty of Versailles different from President Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points? A) It created an international peacekeeping organization. B) It prevented any nation keeping land gained during the war. C) It required Germany to pay huge reparations. D) It required all nations to disarm and disband their armies. It required Germany to pay huge reparations.
90) What nation refused to sign the Versailles Treaty? A) Britain B) United States C) France D) Germany United States
91) What treaty included a provision to establish the League of Nations? A) Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo B) Versailles Treaty C) Treaty of Ghent D) Treaty of Paris Versailles Treaty
92) Which one of the following countries did not join the League of Nations at the end of World War I? A) France B) England C) Italy D) United States United States
93) What Republican senator believed that the League of Nations represented a threat to the sovereignty of the United States? A) Henry Cabot Lodge, Sr. B) Warren G. Harding C) Robert La Follette D) Woodrow Wilson Henry Cabot Lodge, Sr.
94) Which one of the following United States senators opposed the Versailles Treaty? A) Charles Evan Hughes B) Jeannette Rankin C) Woodrow Wilson D) Henry Cabot Lodge, Sr. Henry Cabot Lodge, Sr.
95) Many senators opposed approval of the Treaty of Versailles on the grounds that the treaty would A) give Russia additional territory B) allow Austria-Hungary to keep its prewar boundaries involve the United States in the League of Nations
96) How was the Versailles Treaty received by the United States Congress? A) It was defeated by a huge margin. B) It was defeated by less than five votes. C) It was approved by a narrow margin. D) It was approved by a large majority. It was defeated by a huge margin.
97) Why did many Americans oppose joining the League of Nations? A) They did not want to spend American money to rebuild Germany. B) They feared it would hurt relations with other neutral countries. C) They believed it was not democratic. D) They were afraid it would drag the United States into further European conflicts. They were afraid it would drag the United States into further European conflicts.
98) Which one of the following best explains the United States failure to join the League of Nations after World War I? A) the establishment of the League's headquarters in a foreign country B) a desire to avoid involvement in European affairs C) rejection of United States participation by League members D) the high cost of membership a desire to avoid involvement in European affairs
99) What president was portrayed in the cartoon? A) Woodrow Wilson B) William Howard Taft C) Herbert Hoover D) Harry S. Truman Woodrow Wilson
100) Which one of the following best describes the theme of the cartoon? A) The United States was the leading nation in the League of Nations. B) The end of World War I was accomplished through peace efforts made by the League of Nations. C) The League of Nations failed because it was poorly planned. D) The League of Nations was an unrealistic plan. The League of Nations was an unrealistic plan.
101) What idea does the cartoon suggest about the League of Nations treaty? A) The citizens of the United States were eager to join the League of Nations. B) The president has sole power to ratify the proposed treaty. C) The Senate must ratify or pass the president's proposed treaty. D) The president hoped the Senate would block the proposed treaty. The Senate must ratify or pass the president's proposed treaty.
102) Which one of the following conclusions best explains the situation illustrated in the cartoon? A) The Senate feared that the United States would lose control over its foreign affairs if it joined the League of Nations. B) The League of Nations threatened to invade the United States. C) Both the president and the Senate were unhappy about German membership in the League of Nations. D) The Senate supported the entry of the United States into the League of Nations. The Senate feared that the United States would lose control over its foreign affairs if it joined the League of Nations.
103) In what document does President Woodrow Wilson summarize America's war aims? A) Fourteen Points B) Kellogg-Briand Peace C) Treaty of Versailles D) Washington Conference Fourteen Points
104) What was Woodrow Wilson's plan for a lasting peace after World War I? A) NATO B) Versailles Treaty C) Fourteen Points D) United Nations Fourteen Points
105) What document included Woodrow Wilson's plan for permanent peace? A) Versailles Treaty B) Fourteen Points C) Treaty of Brest-Litovsk D) Triple Alliance Fourteen Points
106) What American leader developed the concept of the League of Nations in his Fourteen Points? A) Theodore Roosevelt B) Franklin D. Roosevelt C) Winston Churchill D) Woodrow Wilson Woodrow Wilson
107) The formation of what organization was suggested by Woodrow Wilson in his Fourteen Points? A) League of Nations B) Organization of American States C) United Nations D) North Atlantic Treaty Organization League of Nations
108) What World War I figure called for an end to secret agreements between nations and self-determination by national groups? A) David Lloyd George B) Vladimir Lenin C) Woodrow Wilson D) Georges Clemenceau Woodrow Wilson
Created by: creek23
 

 



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