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SS Chapter 5E

practice

QuestionAnswer
1) What term best describes the concept of the United States' desire to expand to the Pacific? A) populism B) manifest destiny C) states' rights D) progressivism manifest destiny
What is the meaning of manifest destiny? A) The push for the abolition of slavery in the West. B) The belief that Natives must relinquish all guns and ammunition to the government. C) The belief that all Natives should be placed on federal reservations. D) The belief that the United States was destined to control all land reaching the Pacific. The belief that the United States was destined to control all land reaching the Pacific.
What did the concept of manifest destiny justify? A) Britain's policy toward the Oregon Territory B) territorial expansion to the Pacific C) conversion of Native Americans to Christianity D) President Andrew Jackson's Indian Removal Act territorial expansion to the Pacific
The addition of the territories of Texas, California, and Oregon to the United States was most closely related to what policy? A) manifest destiny B) isolationism C) containment D) détente manifest destiny
5) What time period is best described by the events listed below? • Oregon Territory added to the United States • Texas annexed by the United States • Major American migration to the West A) Federalist Era B) Reconstruction Era C) Jacksonian Age D) Age of Westward Expansion Age of Westward Expansion
Which one of the following contributed to the settlement of the West? A) Ghost Dance Movement B) Indian Removal Act C) transcontinental railroad D) industrialization transcontinental railroad
What term best defines the action of adding a state to the Union? A) annexation B) seceding C) appealing D) nullification annexation
8) What term best defines the land that is given from one country to another as part of a settlement? A) repealing B) annexation C) ceding D) nullification ceding
How far did the Western border of the United States extend in 1850? A) Rocky Mountains B) Appalachian Mountains C) Mississippi River D) Pacific Ocean Pacific Ocean
10) What was a reason that James Polk won the presidential election of 1844? A) He was instrumental in making Texas a state. B) He favored the popular idea of manifest destiny. C) He was a well-known and popular leader. D) He had no real opposition. He favored the popular idea of manifest destiny.
Who was considered a "dark horse" candidate in the presidential election of 1844? A) Andrew Jackson B) Henry Clay C) John Tyler D) James K. Polk James K. Polk
What was the region at the edge of settled colonial territories called? A) the Great Divide B) Bread Colonies C) the frontier D) Tidewater the frontier
Who of the following is most closely related to the Oregon fur-trade? A) John Jacob Astor B) Meriwether Lewis C) Daniel Boone D) George Rogers Clark John Jacob Astor
14) What term best defines a large meeting of fur trappers and merchants for the purpose of trading furs? A) convention B) rendezvous C) coureur de bois D) powwow rendezvous
15) What were the mountain men of the Old West seeking? A) furs B) gold and silver C) fertile land D) a safe route through Canada furs
" What began as a practical gathering to exchange pelts for supplies and reorganize trapping units evolved into a month long carnival in the middle of the wilderness. The gathering was not confined to trappers, and attracted women and children, Indians, French Canadians, and travelers. Mountain man James Beckworth described the festivities as a scene of 'mirth (humor), songs, dancing, shouting, trading, running, jumping, singing, racing, target-shooting, yarns (stories or jokes), frolic (play), with all sor rendezvous
17) According to the passage, what was the original purpose of the gathering? A) to exchange pelts for supplies B) to race and target-shoot C) to run, jump, and sing D) to dance and tell stories to exchange pelts for supplies
According to the passage, what types of activities were common at these "month long carnivals?" A) wrestling and fighting B) fishing and trapping C) panning for gold D) dancing, trading, and target-shooting dancing, trading, and target-shooting
According to the passage, where did this "month long carnival" generally take place? A) in the Great Plains region B) in small towns C) on Indian reservations D) in the middle of the wilderness in the middle of the wilderness
" A Trapper's equipment... is generally one animal upon which is placed... a riding saddle and bridle, a sack containing six Beaver traps, a blanket with an extra pair of Moccasins, his powder horn, and bullet pouch with a belt to which is attached a butcher knife, a small wooden box containing bait for beaver, a tobacco sack with a pipe and implements for making fire, and a hatchet fastened to the pommel (horn) of his saddle. 20) According to the passage, how many pack animals did a trapper usually one
21) According to the passage, what was there was always an extra pair of in a mountain man's sack? A) blankets B) moccasins C) leggings D) cotton shirts moccasins
According to the passage, what might a mountain man wear if he had no cotton or flannel shirt? A) antelope skin shirt B) elk shirt C) buffalo shirt D) beaver shirt antelope skin shirt
Which one of the following best explains why a mountain man would travel with only a few necessary goods? A) He feared being robbed. B) He moved around constantly. C) He was too poor to have possessions. D) He had to outrun wild animals. He moved around constantly.
How did the mountain men contribute to the settlement of the American West? A) They encouraged Western settlement by publishing magazine articles describing the beauty of the West. B) They fought with the British for control of the Northwest. C) They organized wagon trains to lead settlers over the Rocky Mountains. D) They established enormous trading companies to supply wagon trains. They organized wagon trains to lead settlers over the Rocky Mountains.
Who was the frontiersman that helped to settle the area known as Kentucky? A) Daniel Boone B) Horace Greeley C) Sam Houston D) Davey Crockett Daniel Boone
26) What region of the United States prospered through building new roads in the 1700s and 1800s? A) Southern states B) Gulf states C) Frontier West D) New England states Frontier West
Which one of the following territories was the first to be acquired by the United States? A) Florida B) Gadsden Purchase C) Texas D) Mexican Cession Florida
In the early 1800s, how did Spain's control of Florida create problems for the United States? A) the Spanish army used Florida as a base from which to launch attacks on the United States B) escaped slaves from the Southern states sought freedom in Florida C) groups of Native Americans raided Spanish settlements D) Spanish settlers often sought to relocate in Florida escaped slaves from the Southern states sought freedom in Florida
What gave the United States territorial control over Florida? A) Treaty of Ghent B) Monroe Doctrine C) Gadsden Purchase D) Adams-Onis Treaty Adams-Onis Treaty
30) Which secretary of state signed the Adams-Onis Treaty which gave the United States possession of Florida in exchange for $5 million? A) James Monroe B) Samuel Adams C) John Adams D) John Quincy Adams John Quincy Adams
Why did Spain relinquish Florida to the United States? A) Native Americans in Florida continually fought with the Spanish. B) Andrew Jackson threatened to attack if Spain did not agree to give up Florida. C) Spain had problems keeping control of the Native Americans. D) The king of Spain had political problems at home to solve. Spain had problems keeping control of the Native Americans.
32) Who led many American settlers into Texas after Mexico invited such migration? A) General Santa Anna B) Stephen Austin C) Davy Crockett D) Sam Houston Stephen Austin
Why were Americans interested in moving to Mexican-owned Texas? A) religious freedom B) the gold discovered in 1848 C) missionary work D) available grazing and farming lands available grazing and farming lands
Why did the Mexican government allow United States citizens to settle in Texas? A) They hoped Americans would put the land into production. B) They wanted to bring American ideas of freedom and democracy. C) They hoped the Americans would develop profitable mines. D) They wanted the Americans to convert the Natives to Christianity. They hoped Americans would put the land into production.
35) Which state's admission into the United States led to a war? A) California B) Texas C) Washington D) Florida Texas
Why was President Andrew Jackson not interested in the annexation of Texas? A) He did not wish to increase Southern power in Congress. B) He did not want war with Mexico. C) He wanted Texas to be an independent country. D) He was jealous of Sam Houston. He did not want war with Mexico.
Why were Americans denied entry to Texas after 1830? A) Americans were taking control of the Catholic Churches. B) The Natives were dying due to overworking of American farmlands. C) American settlers were importing ideas of abolitionism. D) Americans were more loyal to the United States than Mexico. Americans were more loyal to the United States than Mexico.
Many Americans living in Mexican-controlled Texas feared that the Mexican government would A) withdraw all military support and protection B) make Texas an independent country C) not continue to support slavery D) not support the presidency of Santa Anna not continue to support slavery
39) Why did most Northerners oppose annexing Texas? A) no Americans lived there B) fear of Mexico declaring war C) Texans used slave labor D) Texas' serious financial problems Texans used slave labor
40) In the famous Battle of the Alamo, who led the Texan forces against the onslaught of Mexico's Santa Anna? A) William B. Travis B) Stephen Austin C) Davy Crockett D) Jim Bowie William B. Travis
The phrase "Remember the Alamo" is associated with the independence of what state? A) New Mexico B) Texas C) Utah D) California Texas
What famous Texas slogan was used in the war against the Mexico? A) " I have not yet begun to fight!" B) " Remember the Alamo!" C) " Fifty-four forty, or fight." D) " Remember the Maine!" Remember the Alamo!"
"Remember the Alamo" became the battle cry for which event described below? A) Texas Revolution B) annexation of Texas C) Mexican War D) annexation of California Texas Revolution
What point of view was a Texan supporting when he said "Remember the Alamo?" A) independence of Texas from Mexican control B) purchase of Alaska C) annexation of California D) abolition of slavery independence of Texas from Mexican control
45) Why is the Battle of the Alamo significant to Texas history? A) It proved the superiority of Texan army. B) It represented a major victory for the Texas settlers. C) It symbolized the Texans' fight for independence. D) It was the cause of the Mexican War. It symbolized the Texans' fight for independence.
Who was the Mexican commander that won at the Battle of the Alamo? A) Stephen Austin B) Sam Houston C) General Santa Anna D) General Urrea General Santa Anna
What serious difficulty did the Lone Star Republic of Texas face early in its history? A) an attack by Spain B) lack of experience with democracy C) reconquest by Mexico D) financial problems financial problems
How did Sam Houston win support for the annexation of Texas to the United States? A) He hinted that it would lead to the abolition of slavery. B) He publicly supported annexation across the United States. C) He threatened to begin a war with Mexico. D) He convinced Americans that Great Britain would become an ally of Texas. He convinced Americans that Great Britain would become an ally of Texas.
Who was the commander of the American force in the Republic of Texas? A) Davey Crockett B) Stephen Austin C) Sam Houston D) General Santa Anna Sam Houston
50) What leader in the War for Texan Independence was later elected president of the Lone Star Republic? A) Sam Houston B) Stephen Austin C) Davy Crockett D) John C. Fremont Sam Houston
What trail, traveled by the Whitmans in 1836, was also the route of the Great Migration in 1843? A) National Road B) California Trail C) Santa Fe Trail D) Oregon Trail Oregon Trail
What term best describes the first settlers who resided and built homes in Oregon? A) forty-niners B) Mormons C) missionaries D) mountain men missionaries
In what territory did missionary Marcus Whitman and his wife encourage settlers to colonize? A) Oregon B) Texas C) Maine D) Florida Oregon
Who was a missionary that led settlers from the United States into Oregon? A) William Penn B) Narcissa Whitman C) John Fremont D) Sam Houston Narcissa Whitman
55) What missionary worked with Native Americans in Oregon? A) Joseph Smith B) William Penn C) James Oglethorpe D) Marcus Whitman Marcus Whitman
What was the result of the dispute over the Oregon Territory between the United States and Britain in 1818? A) The territory was ceded to Canadian authorities. B) Both countries agreed to occupy the territory jointly. C) The territory was reserved for Native-American use. D) The United States went to war with Britain. Both countries agreed to occupy the territory jointly.
What two nations jointly occupied the Oregon Territory through an 1818 agreement? A) United States and Russia B) United States and Great Britain C) Great Britain and France D) Spain and the United States United States and Great Britain
58) Which territory of the United States is associated with the slogan "Fifty-four Forty or Fight?" A) California B) Utah C) Oregon Territory D) Mexican Cession Oregon Territory
In 1846, the United States and Britain agreed that the Oregon country should be A) divided at the 49th parallel B) divided at the 54th parallel C) created into an Canadian province D) given entirely to the United States divided at the 49th parallel
60) How did the United States and Britain settle the dispute over Oregon's border in 1846? A) 49°N latitude was established as the border. B) Britain bought all the land from the United States. C) Ownership was determined by a public vote by the Oregon settlers. D) The United States was granted all the land in exchange for Britain's right to fur-trapping in the region. 49°N latitude was established as the border.
What did many early settlers in Oregon hope President James Polk would establish? A) naval bases on the Pacific coast B) an efficient government to control settlers C) Mormon religious practices throughout the territory D) the 54th parallel as the Northern boundary with Britain the 54th parallel as the Northern boundary with Britain
What territory did the United States gain in an 1846 agreement with Great Britain? A) California B) New Mexico C) Oregon D) Alaska Oregon
How were the disputes over the control of the Oregon territory settled? A) by paying Mexico for the territory B) by an agreement with Great Britain C) by military action against Great Britain D) by an agreement with France by an agreement with Great Britain
What was the "stopping-off point" for families traveling to Oregon? A) Salt Lake City, Utah B) Santa Fe, New Mexico C) San Antonio, Texas D) Independence, Missouri Independence, Missouri
65) What experience have the Mormons, Quakers, and Pilgrims all shared? A) Each refused to perform military service. B) Each rejected public education. C) Each suffered persecution. D) Each attempted violent revolution. Each suffered persecution.
Who was the founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints? A) Brigham Young B) Joseph Smith C) Marcus Whitman D) James Marshall Joseph Smith
Who founded the Mormon Church? A) Brigham Young B) Joseph Smith C) Zebulon Pike D) Marcus Whitman Joseph Smith
Which religious group began in New York, but had to flee because of religious persecutions? A) Mormons B) Quakers C) Presbyterians D) Anglicans Mormons
What state was founded by Brigham Young and other Mormons? A) California B) Oregon C) Texas D) Utah Utah
70) What leader of the Mormon Church brought the Mormons to settle in what is now Salt Lake City, Utah? A) Brigham Young B) Marcus Whitman C) Joseph Smith D) James Marshall Brigham Young
What religious group was led to Utah by Brigham Young? A) Shakers B) Puritans C) Quakers D) Mormons Mormons
Why was the Great Salt Lake area selected as a site for the Mormons to settle? A) There were many opportunities for employment. B) It was a central location of many waterways. C) It was secluded from a hostile American society. D) It had vast ranges of fertile soil. It was secluded from a hostile American society.
Why did the Mormons suffer persecution from their neighbors which ultimately forced them to move to Utah? A) Their strong abolitionist position in the South. B) Their adoption and support of Catholicism. C) Their belief in polygamy (more than one wife). D) Their rejection of the doctrine of manifest destiny. Their belief in polygamy (more than one wife).
Many Americans objected to the Mormon belief that A) the American West should be left to Native Americans B) all Americans should adopt the Mormon religion C) a man could have multiple wives D) religion should be controlled by government a man could have multiple wives
75) What overland route was established by John Bidwell and his party in 1841? A) Middle Passage B) National Road C) Santa Fe Trail D) California Trail California Trail
What trail was used by many people emigrating from Southwestern Wyoming and Southern Idaho during the California gold rush? A) California Trail B) Middle Passage C) National Road D) Santa Fe Trail California Trail
What was discovered in the mid‑1800s that caused a large increase in migration and immigration to California? A) diamonds B) oil C) iron D) gold gold
Before the California gold rush, how did John Sutter earn his living? A) supplying miners B) farming C) banking D) mining farming
Who discovered gold at Sutter's Mill in California? A) James Marshall B) John Sutter C) Marcus Whitman D) Joseph Smith James Marshall
80) The following quote describes the actions of the person who first discovered gold in California in 1848. " I reached my hand down and picked it up; it made my heart thump, for I was certain it was gold. The piece was about half the size and shape of a pea. Then I saw another." Who most likely made this statement? A) John Sutter B) James Marshall C) Sam Brannan D) James Polk James Marshall
During the California gold rush, where was gold first found? A) Donner Pass B) Sacramento C) San Francisco D) American River American River
The American River, where gold was discovered in 1848, is closest to which one of the following cities? A) San Francisco B) Sacramento C) Oakland D) Los Angeles Sacramento
Who was president at the beginning of the California gold rush? A) Abraham Lincoln B) Andrew Johnson C) Ulysses S. Grant D) James Polk James Polk
With what famous event are the" forty-niners" connected? A) sinking of the Maine B) California gold rush C) attack on Fort Sumter D) Boston massacre California gold rush
What term best defines people who sought riches in California in the mid‑1800s? A) Mormons B) secessionists C) forty-niners D) vigilantes forty-niners
What was the age of a typical 49er? A) 50‑69 years old B) 30‑49 years old C) teenager-29 years old D) 60‑79 years old teenager-29 years old
What type of business did Levi Strauss have during the California gold rush of 1848? A) clothing B) automobiles C) meat packing D) banking clothing
What type of business did Henry Wells and William Fargo have during the California gold rush in 1848? A) banking B) clothing C) automobiles D) meat packing banking
" When he started racing through the streets yelling "gold, gold in the American River," he wasn't planning on digging for it. He was planning on selling shovels. And the first person who sold shovels got a lot more gold than the person who had to dig for it." —JoAnn Levy, "They Saw the Elephant" This quote best describes the intent of what merchant during the California gold rush in 1848? A) James Marshall B) Sam Brannan C) James Polk D) John Sutter Sam Brannan
90) The following passage describes a situation during the California gold rush. " One woman made $18,000 just from a single Dutch oven. Women relished their first taste of economic independence. If you could wash clothes, you could make $8 a dozen. If you could cook a meal, you could sell it for $5‑$10, if you could run a boarding house, you could clear a $200 a week, if you could get enough boarders. And a number of women simply put to use their domestic skills which was a very smart thing to do. Bec Women enjoyed a measure of economic independence.
Why did many Americans travel West during the 1850s? A) Easy work was available for cowboys. B) Cattle herding became very profitable. C) Gold had been discovered. D) The industrial revolution drove people from the cities. Gold had been discovered.
During the California gold rush, most miners A) did not find gold, but settled permanently in California B) became rich by sifting gold from the stream beds C) sold their claims to Chinese immigrants D) moved back East after losing their life's savings d not find gold, but settled permanently in California
How was California affected by the discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill in 1848? A) The United States declared war on Mexico over California. B) California declared its independence from Mexico. C) California became the only gold producing state in the nation. D) The population of California increased significantly. The population of California increased significantly.
Which one of the following did not result from the discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill in 1848? A) Many new business opportunities arose. B) The population in California increased significantly. C) The transcontinental railroad was rushed to completion. D) Women discovered new freedoms and opportunities. The transcontinental railroad was rushed to completion.
95) What conditions forced California to create their own government? A) increased Indian attacks on settlers B) greater trade and business problems C) a need for taxation to fund fighting with the Natives D) a lack of law and order a lack of law and order
Who were the self-appointed police who punished crimes in the disorderly Western frontier? A) vigilantes B) missionaries C) forty-niners D) mountain men vigilantes
My friends, we must not in the beginning of this city do the very thing which we are gathered to prevent. These men may be guilty of the crime of murder, but we shall not be less guilty if we take the government in our own hands and put them to death other than due process of law." —Mather and Boswell's version of Henry Plummer's speech in Hanging the Sheriff 97) According to the passage, to whom might have Henry Plummer been speaking? A) mountain men B) Native-American warriors C) a vigila a vigilante lynch mob
According to the passage, what is Henry Plummer trying to convince his listeners to do? A) to create reservations to which the accused men can settle B) to let a court decide the guilt or innocence of the accused C) to form a new government D) to take the law into their own hands and put the accused men to death to let a court decide the guilt or innocence of the accused
Which one of the following conflicts resulted from manifest destiny? A) French and Indian War B) Mexican War C) Revolutionary War D) War of 1812 Mexican War
100) Who led the fight against the Mexican government in California? A) James Marshall B) Stephen Austin C) Sam Houston D) John Fremont John Fremont
During the Mexican War, who led the American settlers in California in their fight against the Mexican forces? A) Brigham Young B) James Marshall C) Sam Houston D) John C. Fremont John C. Fremont
What leader was associated with the early settlement of California? A) John Jacob Astor B) David Crockett C) John Fremont D) Daniel Boone John Fremont
The area that became the states of California, Arizona, and Utah was obtained by the United States as a result of A) the Mexican War B) the Louisiana Purchase C) an agreement with Great Britain D) the War of 1812 the Mexican War
For what reason did President James Polk send John Sidell to Mexico? A) To offer $30 million dollars for the New Mexico and California territories. B) To sign the Treaty of Guadalupe Hildalgo. C) To pay compensations for the fighting at the Battle of the Alamo. D) To arrange a peaceful settlement concerning our border with Canada. To offer $30 million dollars for the New Mexico and California territories.
105) Before the War with Mexico in 1846, the United States offered to A) grant independence to Texas B) compromise and accept the Nueces River as the boundary C) pay $30 million for California and New Mexico D) sell California back to Mexico pay $30 million for California and New Mexico
What territory did the United States gain possession of as a result of the Mexican War? A) California B) Alaska C) the Philippine Islands D) Puerto Rico California
What was the main purpose of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo that was signed with Mexico in 1848? A) It ended the war with Mexico and gave the Mexican Cession to the United States. B) It settled the war debts between the United States and Mexico. C) It assured that Arizona would remain under United States control. D) It provided protection for the new country of Texas. It ended the war with Mexico and gave the Mexican Cession to the United States.
What did Mexico agree to in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo? A) Mexico would pay the United States $15 million. B) Slavery would be abolished in Texas. C) Texas would never become a state. D) The Rio Grande was the southern boundary of Texas. The Rio Grande was the southern boundary of Texas.
After the Mexican War, the Mexican government agreed to A) pay all debts incurred by the war B) establish the Rio Grande as the official boundary C) allow United States citizens free access to Mexican territories D) keep California under Mexican authority establish the Rio Grande as the official boundary
110) What land settlement gave California and parts of the Southwest to the United States? A) Treaty of Paris B) Gadsden Purchase C) Mexican Cession D) Oregon Settlement Mexican Cession
When did California become a state? A) 1851 B) 1850 C) 1848 D) 1849 1850
Why were United States citizens interested in New Mexico during the mid‑1800s? A) Spain sold the settlers land at low prices. B) Spain paid the settlers to develop the land. C) It had a strategic location from which to wage battles. D) The region was needed for a railroad route connecting to the Pacific Ocean. The region was needed for a railroad route connecting to the Pacific Ocean.
What route did colonial Americans commonly travel to New Mexico? A) Oregon Trail B) Mormon Trail C) Santa Fe Trail D) Old Spanish Trail Santa Fe Trail
Who developed the Santa Fe Trail for use by settlers and traders? A) Brigham Young B) William Becknell C) John Sutter D) Zachary Taylor William Becknell
115) What colonial route extended from St. Louis to New Mexico? A) Oregon Trail B) Santa Fe Trail C) National Road D) California Trail Santa Fe Trail
For what land settlement did the United States pay the Mexican government $10 million in 1853? A) Gadsden Purchase B) Mexican Cession C) Florida D) Louisiana Gadsden Purchase
Which one of the following enabled the United States to acquire a strip of land in Arizona and New Mexico? A) Louisiana Purchase B) Mexican Cession C) Gadsden Purchase D) Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Gadsden Purchase
Created by: creek23
 

 



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