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Clendenny 7th Civil

Civil War Vicksburg and Gettysburg

siege A military operation in which enemy forces surround a town or building, cutting off supplies, with the goal of surrender
Grant's Canal General Grant's unsuccessful attempt to aler the course of the Mississippi River by digging this waterway across the peninsula
Siege of VIcksburg A six week land and naval campaign (May 18-July 4, 1863) where General Grant forced the surrender of Confederate soldiers occupying a town situated on a 200 foot bluff above the Mississippi River.
Admiral David DIxon Porter This commander of the Navy bravely ran his gunboats past Vicksburg's cannons, successfully providing transport to Grant's 17,000 soldiers, allowing them to lay siege to Vicksburg
General George Pickett Confederate general who ordered his men to charge through an open field and up a steep hill in an unsuccessful attempt to break the Union line.
Gettysburg Address A famous speech delivered by Abraham Lincoln on November 19, 1963, to dedicate a cemetery for Union soldiers killed at the Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Gettysburg A 3-day battle (July 1-3, 1963) which ended Confederate General Robert E. Lee's second invasion of the North. More than 50,000 men were killed or injured making it the bloodiest battle of the Civil War.
Civilians Citizens who do not serve in the army.
Copperheads Name given to anti-war people whose goal was to restore the Union back to the way it was before the war.
Habeas Corpus The name given to the Constitutional right given to all United States citizens which requires charges to be filed or a hearing before they are jailed.
Draft law A law passed in 1863, which required all able-bodied males between the ages of 20 and 45 to serve in the military if they were called.
Income Tax A tax citizens must pay based on a percentage of earned income.
Inflation An economic condition in which a rise in prices leads to a decrease in the value of money.
Tax-in-kind Name given to anti-war people whose goal was to restore the Union back to the way it was before the war
Alexander Flemin Discovered penicillin that could have saved thousands of soldiers lives but was invented 68 years after the war
Created by: cjpressly



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