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SS Chapter 2C

practice

QuestionAnswer
How did the society in the Middle Colonies differ from the society found of the Southern Tidewater region? A) The society in the Middle Colonies was formed from a variety of different cultures, religions, and nationalities. B) The society in the Middle Colonies was predominantly made up of English merchants. C) The society in the Middle Colonies was controlled by the Puritans. D) Slavery was essential to the economy of the Middle Colonies. The society in the Middle Colonies was formed from a variety of different cultures, religions, and nationalities.
hy were there were more schools in New England than in the Southern Colonies? A) Southern colonists were afraid the slave population would revolt if they could not be educated too. B) New England colonists often lived close together in towns and could support schools. C) Southern colonists were often too poor to support schools. D) Southern colonists did not believe in the importance of education. New England colonists often lived close together in towns and could support schools.
What colony developed the first system of free public schools? A) Pennsylvania B) New York C) Massachusetts D) Maryland Massachusetts
Which one of the following was the first college established in North America? A) Columbia B) Harvard C) Cornell D) William and Mary Harvard
In a typical family during the American colonial period, the father cleared and planted the fields, the mother spun cloth, and the children cared for the animals. What do such roles indicate? A) the division of labor B) a profit-oriented economy C) mercantilism D) a technologically advanced society the division of labor
Which one of the following best described how women were perceived in the English colonies? A) Women were "placed on a pedestal". B) Women worked hard but were dominated by men. C) Women had less rights than slaves and Native Americans. D) Women and men were considered equal by the law. Women worked hard but were dominated by men.
The status of women in colonial times best reflected A) the lack of work opportunities for women in an agricultural society B) the participation of women in political elections C) the surplus of women in a frontier society D) the continuation of European traditional attitudes the continuation of European traditional attitudes
Which one of the following was not a characteristic of most colonists in the Thirteen Colonies? A) Protestant B) English-speakers C) wealthy D) white wealthy
The aristocracy in what colonial region designed their homes and society after the lifestyle of English country gentlemen? A) Western frontier B) Southern colonies C) New England colonies D) Middle colonies Southern colonies
10) The wealthy colonists in what colonial region often borrowed heavily or bought on credit to sustain expensive lifestyles? A) Southern colonies B) Middle colonies C) New England colonies D) Western frontier Southern colonies
Why could workers in the colonies demand higher wages and better treatment than workers in Europe? A) Most colonial workers were well educated. B) Colonists knew that the European economy needed American goods in order to survive. C) European workers were unskilled. D) There was a labor shortage in colonial America. There was a labor shortage in colonial America.
What group paid for their passage to America by working for approximately seven years after they arrived? A) indentured servants B) proprietors C) middle class merchants D) slaves indentured servants
People who signed agreements to work for a period of 3 to 7 years in return for their passage to America were called A) patroons B) slaves C) pioneers D) indentured servant indentured servants
What did immigrants become after they signed an indenture? A) a tenant farmer B) a slave C) a servant D) a proprietor a servant
How were indentured servants different from free workers? A) They could not leave their job freely. B) They were bound to their masters for life. C) They could not go to church. D) They could learn a trade. They could not leave their job freely.
How were indentured servants different from slaves? A) They were able to learn a trade. B) They were able to freely move from colony to colony. C) They would become free in the future. D) They could leave their masters at any time. They would become free in the future.
Why did the English colonists prefer slaves over indentured servants? A) Indentured servants moved frequently to find better jobs. B) Slaves were less expensive to train and support. C) Slaves were better educated and exhibited greater skills. D) Owners feared that indentured servants could later become competitors. Owners feared that indentured servants could later become competitors.
During the colonial period, in which one of the following regions was social class lines most rigid? A) frontier B) tidewater C) Bread Colonies D) backcountry tidewater
In the 18th century, an important difference between the migrations of Africans and Europeans to the United States was that A) Africans came against their will and Europeans did not B) Africans were permitted to settle in the North and Europeans were not C) Africans were admitted under a national quota system and Europeans were not D) Africans' transportation costs were paid by the federal government and Europeans paid for their own transportation Africans came against their will and Europeans did not
20) Which one of the following best describes the infamous trip of slaves from Africa to the East Coast of the Western Hemisphere? A) Lewis and Clark Expedition B) Crusades C) Middle Passage D) Great Migration Middle Passage
What term referred to the terrible journey made by the African slaves across the Atlantic to America? A) Triangular Trade B) Middle Passage C) Eastern Voyage D) the Great Immigration Middle Passage
The expansion of slavery in colonial America was in part due to the demand for which one of the following items? A) rice and furs B) sugar and tobacco C) grain and timber D) corn and indigo sugar and tobacco
What was a reason for the growth of slavery in the Southern Colonies? A) a lack of productive farm land B) the steady decline in cotton production C) the flood of indentured servants into the South D) a need for a steady supply of cheap labor a need for a steady supply of cheap labor
In what way did the plantation system in the South change the structure of United States society? A) It contributed to the growth of slavery. B) It made the South dominant in manufacturing. C) It promoted equality between the sexes. D) It created a highly educated workforce. It contributed to the growth of slavery.
Where did most slaves work during the colonial period? A) trading ships B) Southern plantations C) port cities D) factories Southern plantations
Why did slave owners often refuse to allow their slaves to learn to read and write? A) Most slaves believed that knowing how to read and write was a waste of time. B) By law, literate slaves were automatically allowed to become freemen. C) Uneducated slaves were often more loyal to their masters than educated slaves. D) Educated slaves often became less willing to work than illiterate slaves. Educated slaves often became less willing to work than illiterate slaves.
What was the difference between the percent of blacks in the Southern Colonies in 1650 and in 1750? A) 33% B) 23% C) 12% D) 39% 33%
What was the difference between the percent of blacks in the Middle Colonies in 1650 and in 1750? A) 19% B) 3% C) 12% D) 5% 5%
What was the difference between the percent of blacks in the New England Colonies in 1650 and in 1750? A) 4% B) 6% C) 0% D) 2% 2%
30) By 1750, what percent of the population of the Southern Colonies was composed of people who were not black? A) 32% B) 64% C) 66% D) 36% 64%
Which region of colonial America had the smallest black population in 1750? A) Middle Colonies B) all other territories C) New England Colonies D) Southern Colonies New England Colonies
Which region of colonial America had the largest black population in 1790? A) Southern Colonies B) all other territories C) Middle Colonies D) New England Colonies Southern Colonies
By 1790, what percent of the population in the "all other territories" category was composed of white people? A) 3% B) 97% C) 27% D) 73% 73%
What might have been the reason for the drastic increase in the black population in the Southern Colonies between 1650 and 1790? A) The Southern Colonies promised the black population complete freedom from slavery. B) Education in the Southern Colonies was made more readily available to the black population. C) The economy of the Southern Colonies became increasingly more dependent upon slave labor. D) The black population favored the warmer climate of the Southern Colonies. The economy of the Southern Colonies became increasingly more dependent upon slave labor.
Why was there an increasing difference in the number of slaves between the North and the South after 1650? A) The Southern societies demanded a more leisurely lifestyle. B) The South depended more on European immigrants to provide farm labor. C) The Southern economy became increasingly dependent on large-scale farming. D) The larger Northern populations provided greater numbers of laborers for the workforce. The Southern economy became increasingly dependent on large-scale farming.
What term is defined as the "belief that one race is superior to another?" A) racism B) isolationism C) mercantilism D) containment racism
What was the Great Awakening? A) a Puritan movement to simplify the practices of the Church of England B) the period after the French and Indian War C) a new time of religious devotion in the colonies D) the period before the Glorious Revolution a new time of religious devotion in the colonies
The population of what colonial region was largely English Puritan? A) Southern colonies B) New England colonies C) Western frontier D) Middle colonies New England colonies
In colonial New England, what was the primary reason children went to school? A) to prepare to be lawyers B) to be able to participate in town meetings C) to learn a trade D) to learn to read the Bible to learn to read the Bible
40) Why did Puritan Massachusetts require a public school in every town? A) to teach children career skills B) to teach children how to read the Bible C) to stop crime through education D) to prepare students for college to teach children how to read the Bible
Which one of the following women was put on trial for speaking out against the Puritans? A) Queen Mary B) Mary Musgrove C) Margaret Brent D) Anne Hutchinson Anne Hutchinson
Which one of the following would best describe the Puritan lifestyle? A) carefree B) tolerant C) strictly religious D) funloving strictly religious
Which Puritan belief continues to influence United States society? A) People should work hard and be thrifty. B) Punishment is usually harmful. C) People should enjoy life because it is short. D) Religious groups should not be involved in government. People should work hard and be thrifty.
hich one of the following was a belief of the Quakers? A) all people were equal in God's sight B) war was necessary and must be fought C) Indians were uncivilized and needed to be controlled D) only men could be ministers all people were equal in God's sight
Which Quaker colony allowed freedom of worship to those who believed in God? A) Georgia B) New York C) Virginia D) Pennsylvania Pennsylvania
Most colonial clothing was made of homespun linen and A) rayon B) cotton C) wool D) silk wool
In which one of the following regions was homespun clothing and homemade furniture a common characteristic? A) Middle Colonies B) the frontier C) New England Colonies D) Southern Colonies the frontier
Which one of the following was opposed by settlers on the frontier? A) laws that made frontier land less expensive B) creating new voting districts in frontier regions C) selling firearms to the Indians D) improving transportation in frontier regions selling firearms to the Indians
What characteristic did the early settlers of the frontier become known for due to their desire for freedom and their diverse backgrounds? A) independence B) reliance upon others C) opposition to expansion D) rigid class system independence
50) The economy of the frontier region began to improve when the farmers started to A) leave the area and move westward B) raise surplus crops C) grow only what they needed D) refuse to trade or barter raise surplus crops
Which one of the following best describes the political system found in most New England settlements? A) federalism B) free state government C) local self-government D) county government local self-government
Which document was written by the settlers of the Plymouth colony? A) Mayflower Compact B) Magna Carta C) Fundamental Orders D) Charter of the London Company Mayflower Compact
In what year was the Mayflower Compact signed by the Pilgrims? A) 1609 B) 1776 C) 1789 D) 1620 1620
The Mayflower Compact was written to establish a government for the A) Huguenots of South Carolina B) Quakers of Pennsylvania C) Dutch patroons D) Pilgrims Pilgrims
What document recorded the Pilgrims' plan for governing their colony? A) London Company Charter B) Mayflower Compact C) Toleration Act D) Constitution Mayflower Compact
What was the significance of the Mayflower Compact? A) It secured the friendship between the Pilgrims and the Native Americans. B) It planted the idea of self-government and majority rule in America. C) It established the basis of religion in the New World. D) It mapped the directions on how to find the new colony. It planted the idea of self-government and majority rule in America.
What did the Puritans agree to do by signing the Mayflower Compact? A) give everyone religious freedom B) hold elections every two years C) grant the King of England complete power over the colonies D) govern themselves by majority rule govern themselves by majority rule
The Pilgrims arrived in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1620 and brought with them more than just a desire to worship their God in peace. Before leaving their ship, The Mayflower, to start a new life in a new land, the freemen signed an agreement that would help shape the future of America. The Mayflower Compact agreement stated that the signers would make fair laws as needed in order to maintain peace and social order in the colony. All members of the colony were required to obey the laws. What were leaders of rule of law
Which colony was best known for use of town meetings? A) Virginia B) Maryland C) Massachusetts D) New York Massachusetts
60) Where was the first representative colonial assembly established? A) Virginia B) Massachusetts C) New York D) Rhode Island Virginia
What was the Virginia House of Burgesses? A) the gathering place for the Sons of Liberty B) the lower house of the British Parliament C) the first representative legislature in the colonies D) the meeting place for the local assembly the first representative legislature in the colonies
In 1619, the House of Burgesses met in A) New Amsterdam B) Plymouth C) St. Augustine D) Jamestown Jamestown
Why was the establishment of the House of Burgesses in Jamestown important? A) It helped establish the idea of the right to a fair trial. B) It helped to establish the idea of a representative assembly. C) It created a bill of rights for all people. D) It gave colonists the right to freedom of religion. It helped to establish the idea of a representative assembly.
Why was the Virginia House of Burgesses important to history of our country? A) It established the right to vote for all citizens. B) It established the right to a fair trial which set a standard for the treatment of all American citizens. C) It set the example of for complete freedom of religion which all colonies later followed. D) It was an early form of representative government that helped to shape democracy. It was an early form of representative government that helped to shape democracy.
Why was the House of Burgesses important to Virginia? A) It established the right to a fair trial. B) It allowed elected representatives to make public laws. C) It granted the right to worship freely. D) It allowed ownership of land for everyone. It allowed elected representatives to make public laws.
Why were the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut written? A) to limit white settlement B) to guarantee religious freedom C) to end conflict between North and South Carolina D) to restrain government power to restrain government power
What was the name of the first written colonial constitution in America? A) Mayflower Compact B) Articles of Confederation C) Fundamental Orders of Connecticut D) Magna Carta Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
What did Thomas Hooker believe about government? A) The government should control the people. B) People should set limits on the power of the government. C) People should have little say in the government. D) A democratic government would be dangerous. People should set limits on the power of the government.
Which one of the following people believed that church and state should be totally separate? A) John Winthrop B) Thomas Hooker C) Roger Williams D) Peter Stuyvesant Roger Williams
70) John Peter Zenger was known for helping to establish A) freedom of the press B) lower taxes C) better conditions in colonial prisons D) voting rights for women freedom of the press
Which person was known for establishing freedom of the press in the thirteen English colonies? A) Nathan Hale B) Gerrit Smith C) Andrew Hamilton D) John Peter Zenger John Peter Zenger
In 1676, Virginia settlers rebelled against the severe rule of Governor Berkeley. Who was the settlers' leader in this rebellion? A) Nathaniel Bacon B) Roger Williams C) Captain John Smith D) Daniel Shays Nathaniel Bacon
What revolt by settlers was directed at achieving greater protection by the colonial government from Native-American attacks? A) Whiskey Rebellion B) Shays' Rebellion C) Bacon's Rebellion D) Confederate Rebellion Bacon's Rebellion
What was the cause of Bacon's Rebellion? A) Farmers in Massachusetts were not able to pay taxes. B) European settlers were acquiring Native-American lands and displacing them. C) Colonists in Pennsylvania refused to pay the tax on whiskey. D) Native Americans and settlers wanted to live side by side. European settlers were acquiring Native-American lands and displacing them.
Bacon's Rebellion was an example of the arguments that sometimes happened between A) farmers and the colonial government B) the Northern and Southern Colonies C) settled areas and the frontier region D) owners and slaves settled areas and the frontier region
What term is best described as "allowing others to freely practice religions of their own choice?" A) racism B) toleration C) discrimination D) intolerance toleration
What document permitted religious freedom to all Christians in colonial Maryland? A) Act of Toleration B) Navigation Act C) Writs of Assistance D) Magna Carta Act of Toleration
Which colony passed the Toleration Act in 1649? A) Maryland B) Rhode Island C) Virginia D) Connecticut Maryland
Which one of the following best described voting rights in the colonies? A) Many women were able to vote. B) Any male over 21 years of age could vote. C) Voting required property ownership. D) Only Protestants were allowed vote. Voting required property ownership.
80) After 1644, the right to vote in Massachusetts Bay was restricted to which one of the following groups? A) all males over the age of 21 B) people who owned 100 acres of land C) anyone listed as freemen in the original charter D) members of the Puritan church people who owned 100 acres of land
What was the main occupation in colonial America? A) mining B) shipbuilding C) manufacturing D) farming farming
What were the main economic activities of the Spanish colonies? A) manufacturing and shipbuilding B) slave trading and hunting C) farming and mining D) fishing and trapping farming and mining
Due to the conditions of the geograpical area, many of the people of the Southern Colonies became A) miners B) farmers C) shipbuilders D) fishermen farmers
Which colonial region had good soil and climate to grow market crops for export? A) Southern colonies B) Canadian French colonies C) Western frontier D) New England colonies Southern colonies
hat was a reason for the development of plantations in the Southern Colonies? A) a high demand for tobacco, rice, and indigo B) the abolition of slavery C) a lack of fertile land D) a severe labor shortage a high demand for tobacco, rice, and indigo
Why was the cotton grown on the Southern plantations referred to as cash crops? A) In the pre-Civil War South, it required large amounts of money to produce cotton. B) Before the Civil War, money was often printed on paper made from cotton fibers. C) Cotton was the main medium of exchange in Southern states. D) Plantation owners grew large amounts of cotton and sold the cotton for money. Plantation owners grew large amounts of cotton and sold the cotton for money.
In what regions were tobacco, rice, and indigo grown on large plantations? A) Southern Colonies B) Middle Colonies C) New England Colonies D) the frontier Southern Colonies
Which one of the following was not a major cash crop of the Southern Colonies? A) tobacco B) wheat C) rice D) indigo wheat
Which of the colonial regions produced more food than was needed and often exported their surplus? A) New England Colonies B) Western Frontier C) Southern Colonies D) Middle Colonies Middle Colonies
90) Why were the Middle Colonies referred to as the "Bread Basket" or "Bread Colonies?" A) The Middle Colonies were sandwiched between the New England and Southern Colonies. B) The grain grown in the Middle Colonies was used to make bread. C) The colonists living in the Middle Colonies made their living by weaving bowls out of the long grasses found on the plains. D) The Middle Colonies made the most money for England. The grain grown in the Middle Colonies was used to make bread.
Due to geographic restrictions, many farmers in North Carolina practiced a system of agriculture called A) subsistence farming B) the plantation system C) indigo farming D) staple-crop farming subsistence farming
Near what geographic feature did the people in the Southern Colonies tend to settle? A) the coast B) rivers C) mountains D) mesas rivers
Early colonists in North America tended to settle near rivers mainly because these areas provided A) popular camping sites B) protection from enemies C) water power for factories D) resources suitable for agriculture resources suitable for agriculture
Colonists in what colonial region relied on fish, oysters, and whales to make up for the short growing season and rocky soil? A) Western frontier B) Middle colonies C) Southern colonies D) New England colonies New England colonies
Shipbuilding was an important commercial activity in what colonial region? A) Southern colonies B) Western frontier C) New England colonies D) Middle colonies New England colonies
Why did the colonial cities of New York, Philadelphia, and Boston grow rapidly during the 18th century? A) They were all surrounded by heavily forested areas. B) They all had accessible harbors. C) They all had strong local governments. D) They were all built near large iron deposits. They all had accessible harbors.
Which one of the following was not considered an important colonial port? A) New York City B) Boston C) Philadelphia D) Trenton Trenton
Geographic conditions in New England encouraged the growth of A) trade B) farming C) heavy manufacturing D) slavery trade
According to the passage, what two geographic resources led to the development of the shipping industry? A) forests and rich soil B) rocky soil and whale beds C) harbors and forests D) fishing beds and coastal plains harbors and forests
100) According to the passage, why were slaves needed on Southern plantations? A) It was a cultural tradition borrowed from England. B) Grain farmers needed extra workers. C) Fewer colonists settled in the South. D) Cotton crops required much labor. Cotton crops required much labor.
Which one of the following would be the best title for the reading passage? A) " The Issues That Brought About the Civil War" B) " The Influence of Geography on Colonial Economics" C) " Colonial Lifestyles and Politics" D) " The Impact of Labor in Colonial America" " The Influence of Geography on Colonial Economics"
What name was given to the system of trade between New England, Africa, and the West Indies? A) Triangular Trade B) Triple Trade C) Circular Economics D) Middle Passage Triangular Trade
Why did triangular trade develop in the New England colonies? A) High mortgages on farms caused farmers to produce more for the trade market. B) New England needed increasingly more slaves to work on the fishing vessels. C) The lumber, fish, and wheat produced by the New England colonies was not in high demand in England. D) Harsh geographic conditions made it impossible for the New England colonies to make a profit trading with the other American colonies. The lumber, fish, and wheat produced by the New England colonies was not in high demand in England.
What was the strongest motivation for the colonial Americans who participated in the triangular trade? A) possibilities of mining gold in Latin America B) exchange of cultural ideas C) hopes to establish colonies in Africa D) desire to make a profit desire to make a profit
New England merchants were involved in trading what goods in the triangular trade? A) molasses, rum, and slaves B) rum, gold, and silver C) sugar, indigo, and slaves D) slaves, tobacco, and rum molasses, rum, and slaves
Triangular trade" sent A) rum to the Caribbean B) manufactured goods to England C) slaves to North America D) sugar to the West Indies slaves to North America
In the triangular trade, what did New England merchants trade to the West Indies? A) rum in exchange for molasses B) rum in exchange for slaves C) food in exchange for slaves D) sugar in exchange for molasses food in exchange for slaves
According to the map, what nations participated in triangular trade with England and its North American colonies? A) France and Africa B) South America and the West Indies C) Europe and Asia D) the West Indies and Africa the West Indies and Africa
According to the map, what products did the New England colonies trade to Africa? A) rum and guns B) slaves C) sugar and molasses D) flour and cattle rum and guns
110) According to the map, what products did the New England colonies trade to the West Indies? A) tobacco and indigo B) flour and cattle C) lumber and furs D) horses and rum flour and cattle
According to the map, what products did the West Indies trade to the New England colonies? A) slaves, sugar, and molasses B) rum, cloth, and iron C) silk, wheat, and rice D) flour and cattle slaves, sugar, and molasses
According to the map, what products did Africa trade to the West Indies? A) flour and cattle B) sugar and molasses C) rum, guns, and iron D) slaves slaves
Created by: creek23
 

 



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