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SS Chapter 2A

practice

QuestionAnswer
Which one of the following Europeans explored Greenland, Iceland, and Newfoundland first? A) English B) Spanish C) Vikings D) Portuguese C - Vikings
Who were the Vikings? A) a rich South American culture destroyed by the conquistadors B) a Middle Ages feudal society located in Italy C) a Portuguese pirate group that terrorized the Atlantic Ocean D) a seafaring Scandinavian group who settled in Canada D - a seafaring Scandinavian group who settled in Canada
Solid archaeological evidence of Viking landings in North America has A) been found on Baffin Island B) not yet been found C) been found in a sunken ship in the Hudson Bay D) been discovered in New Jersey A - been found on Baffin Island
4) In the year 1000, what was the major occupation in Western Europe? A) manufacturing B) farming C) fishing D) trading B - farming
5) In the year 1000, what group ruled the Holy Land and North Africa? A) Vikings B) Christians C) Italians D) Muslims D - Muslims
Which one of the following made Europeans aware of the riches of the East? A) the Crusades B) Columbus's first voyage C) Cortes' destruction of Tenochtitlan D) Norse voyages to North America A - the Crusades
Which one of the following brought about an increase in trade in Europe around 1000 AD? A) Crusades B) development of self-sufficient manors C) Reformation D) Renaissance A - Crusades
What was an important result of the Crusades? A) The size of the Spanish domain increased significantly. B) The French dominated trade with China. C) Trade increased between Western Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean countries. D) The Muslims became Christians. C - Trade increased between Western Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean countries.
After the Crusades, which group dominated trade between Western Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean? A) French B) Italians C) Arabs D) Portuguese B - Italians
Which one of the following inventions aided in the discovery of the Americas? A) wheel B) awl C) waterloom D) astrolabe D - astrolabe
What instrument aided the navigation of the seas by indicating the direction of travel? A) globe B) compass C) astrolabe D) gyroscope B - compass
Why did Spanish rulers fund voyages of exploration? A) to establish new trade routes and build a profitable fur trade B) to defeat the Mongols and conquer Russia C) to gain new land and spread Christianity D) to gain glory and increased skills in navigation C - to gain new land and spread Christianity
Explorers from what nation believed in the motto "Gold, God, and Glory?" A) England B) Portugal C) Spain D) France C - Spain
Which one of the following events happened in 1492? A) Henry Hudson discovers the Hudson River B) Christopher Columbus arrives in the New World C) Vasco Nunez de Balboa discovers the Pacific Ocean D) discovery of the Mississippi River by Hernando De Soto B - Christopher Columbus arrives in the New World
Where did Christopher Columbus first land in the Americas? A) Florida B) Cuba C) San Salvador D) Bolivia C - San Salvador
What name did Christopher Columbus give the native inhabitants of the New World? A) Indians B) Orientals C) Occidentals D) Americans A - Indians
Which one of the following was a result of Christopher Columbus's voyage to the Americas? A) European powers lost interest in trade with the Orient. B) People began moving from South America to Europe. C) Asians began to trade with Native Americans. D) European nations were encouraged to explore the Americas. D - European nations were encouraged to explore the Americas.
What was a result of the European discoveries of new lands in America and the Far East? A) the development of colonial empires B) the explorations of Lewis and Clark C) France became a world power D) an all-water trade route from the West A - the development of colonial empires
When various European nations first settled in North America, they A) established trading agreements with the natives B) divided the land equally to share its wealth C) competed for control of land D) freely shared information about the new land C - competed for control of land
What forced Spain to found colonies in the New World? A) the shortage of slaves to sell to other countries B) the necessity of setting up a fishing industry C) the lack of centrally located military bases from which to attack England D) the need to protect its land claims and resources D - the need to protect its land claims and resources
What was the first permanent European settlement in North America? A) Jamestown B) St. Augustine C) New Amsterdam D) Boston B - St. Augustine
During the early history of exploration and settlement of the Americas, which one of the following was not part of the Spanish policy toward Native Americans? A) to enslave them B) to convert them to Christianity C) to force them to accept Spanish rule D) to sign treaties with them D - to sign treaties with them
Which English explorer laid claim to North America for England between 1497 and 1498? A) Captain John Smith B) John Cabot C) Sir Francis Drake D) Sir Walter Raleigh B - John Cabot
Which explorer claimed the New England Atlantic coast for England? A) John Cabot B) Sir Francis Drake C) Henry Hudson D) Francisco Magellan A - John Cabot
In the 1400s, what group controlled the trade routes across the continent of Asia? A) Spanish B) British C) Muslims D) Italians C - Muslims
Why did the Europeans wish to go to Asia in the 1400s? A) to conquer China and Japan B) to trade for silks and spices C) to find raw materials for manufacturing D) to set up colonies in India and China B - to trade for silks and spices
Where did many European explorers believe they would reach if they sailed due west? A) Africa B) the Americas C) Antarctica D) the Orient D - the Orient
After some European explorers realized they were not in the Orient, what did they next seek? A) Northwest Passage B) Windward Passage C) Strait of America D) Bering Land Bridge A - Northwest Passage
The Northwest Passage was a waterway connecting the Atlantic Ocean to A) Africa B) Caribbean Sea C) South America D) Asia D - Asia
30) For what were the early European explorers who reached the Western Hemisphere actually searching? A) an all-water route to Asia B) proof that the world was round C) new sources of slaves D) new sources of gold and silver A - an all-water route to Asia
What nation found the first all-water route from Europe to Asia? A) France B) Portugal C) Spain D) Italy B - Portugal
The Spaniards who explored the Americas were called A) Incas B) conquistadors C) ambassadors D) sea dogs B - conquistadors
What explorer conquered Mexico? A) Francisco Pizarro B) Ponce de Leon C) Hernando Cortes D) Vasco Nunez de Balboa C - Hernando Cortes
Who financially supported most of the English colonies? A) French merchants B) the Anglican church C) the English king D) trading and joint-stock companies D - trading and joint-stock companies
Which one of the following was a major source of funding for starting English colonies? A) the British monarchy B) Puritan church C) joint-stock companies D) Spanish kings C - joint-stock companies
Why did merchants in England support the creation of colonies? A) They hoped the colonies would buy English goods and serve as a source of raw materials. B) They wanted to ease the pressures of overpopulation in England. C) They hoped to weaken the power of the king. D) They wanted to reduce competition from other merchants at home by encouraging them to move to the Americas. A - They hoped the colonies would buy English goods and serve as a source of raw materials.
By the middle of the 1500s, which one of the following was the richest and most powerful nation in Europe? A) Spain B) Portugal C) Holland D) France A - Spain
What did Spain's dependence upon the wealth from its Latin American colonies lead to in the 16th century? A) an increase in trade with other European nations B) an increase in Spanish exploration of the Far East C) a significant increase in the manufacture of Spanish goods D) an increase in inflation and a failure to industrialize D - an increase in inflation and a failure to industrialize
Which one of the following resulted from the decline in gold and silver production in the Spanish colonies? A) Spain's influence and power declined. B) Spanish explorers opened new mines in the Orient. C) Spain's economy grew. D) The Spanish colonies revolted. A - Spain's influence and power declined.
What was a major reason the Spanish colonies in North America failed? A) The Indian populations were much larger than those of Central and South America. B) The Spanish could not find enough gold and silver to make a profit. C) The Spanish colonizers angered the Indians who then refused to work. D) The Spanish colonists were attacked and conquered by French soldiers. B - The Spanish could not find enough gold and silver to make a profit.
How did the English "sea dogs" threaten Spain? A) They invaded Spanish colonies. B) They encouraged Indian rebellions. C) They raided Spanish treasure fleets. D) They settled on Spanish land. C - They raided Spanish treasure fleets.
Why did few European nations challenge Spain during the 16th century? A) Other European nations were more concerned with farming. B) There were few sailors willing to risk the sea journey. C) Spain was still the strongest military power. D) Spain had an alliance with the Portuguese. C - Spain was still the strongest military power.
Why did King Phillip send the Spanish Armada against rival England? A) England had taken Peru from Spain. B) England had monopolized trade to the Orient. C) England controlled all trade with South America. D) England had been raiding Spanish treasure ships. D - England had been raiding Spanish treasure ships.
What nation defeated the Spanish Armada? A) France B) England C) Italy D) Russia B - England
What was the most important result of the defeat of the Spanish Armada by the English? A) It illustrated the decline of the British Empire. B) Spain demonstrated to the world its power. C) It opened the way for Russia to build an empire. D) It began the decline of the Spanish Empire. D - It began the decline of the Spanish Empire.
Created by: creek23
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